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March 16 - the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years ) in the Gregorian calendar . Until the end of the year there are 290 days left.
In the XX and XXI centuries it corresponds to the March 3 of the Julian calendar  .
Holidays and memorable days
See also: Category: Holidays March 16
- Kazakhstan - Republican Guard Day .
- Latvia - Legionnaires Memorial Day .
- Russia - Day Service OBEC ( OBKHSS ), established in 1937 in the structure of the NKVD  .
- the memory of Saint Abbana ;
- memory of Heribert Cologne .
Orthodoxy  
- the memory of the martyrs Eutropius and Kleonik of Amasia, Basilisk of Komansky (c. 308 );
- the memory of the Rev. Piama of Alexandria, the virgin ( 337 );
- the memory of Saints Zeno and Zoil;
- the memory of Martyr Martha Kovrova and the martyr Mikhail Stroyev ( 1938 );
- Icon of the Mother of God: Volokolamskaya (1572); "The Sign" Zlatoust (1848).
- Catholic: Abban, Heribert
- Orthodox: Basilisk, Eutropy, Zinon , Zoil, Cleonique , Martha , Michael , Piam  
See also: Category: Events March 16
Until the XIX century
- 870 - the Orthodox Church and hierarchy were approved in Bulgaria .
- 1521 - Portuguese navigator Fernan Magellan reached the shores of the Philippines during his first round-the-world voyage.
- 1565 - Filipinos and Spaniards fraternized during the Sandugo ritual.
- 1660 - The long parliament of England is dissolved after a meeting for 20 years.
- 1801 - the British ship of the line Invincible crashed; killed about 400 people.
- 1802 - A military academy at West Point was formed by an act of the US Congress .
- 1831 - Victor Hugo 's novel “ Notre Dame de Paris ”  appears in Paris .
- Maybelline produces mascara, “the first modern eye makeup for every day” ( the first modern eye cosmetic for everyday use ).
- The February Revolution : The rejection of Mikhail Alexandrovich in favor of the Provisional Government .
- Closing of the X Congress of the RCP (b) ; the beginning of the transition to the NEP .
- The signing of a treaty of friendship and brotherhood between the RSFSR and Turkey .
- 1924 - Italy annexed the Free City of Fiume .
- 1926 - American designer Robert Goddard conducted a successful test of the first liquid-fuel rocket.
- 1935 - Wehrmacht was formed in Nazi Germany and universal military service was introduced, which was an open and serious violation of the Versailles Treaty .
- 1936 - the first Soviet passenger car, the M-1 limousine, rolled off the assembly line of the Gorky Automobile Plant .
- 1961 - the crash of the Tu-104 in Sverdlovsk . Because of the shutdown of both engines, the plane landed on the frozen Nizhne-Isetsky pond and crashed into a rest home. 7 people died.
- The American Lockheed Super Constellation with 107 people aboard (96 military passengers and 11 crew members) disappeared in the middle of the Pacific Ocean.
- Nikita Khrushchev announces that the USSR has an intercontinental rocket .
- 1963 - the eruption of a volcano in Bali , at least 1,700 dead.
- 1968 - during the Vietnam War, American troops destroyed the South Vietnamese village of Milai ( Songmi ).
- 1976 - Jamaican International Conference. An agreement was signed on a new global monetary system .
- 1978 - Tu-134 crash in Gabar ( Bulgaria ). 73 people died - the largest air crash in Bulgaria.
- 1988 - During the Iran-Iraq war, Iraqi air forces launched a chemical attack on the city of Halabja , which killed thousands of Kurds .
- 2004 - an apartment building exploded in Arkhangelsk , resulting in the death of 58 people.
- 2014 - a pan- Crimean referendum was held , following which Crimea became part of Russia.
See also: Category: Born March 16
Until the XIX century
- 1621 - Georg Neumark (died 1681 ), German poet, composer, gambist musician and librarian  .
- 1665 - Giuseppe Maria Crespi (died 1747 ), Italian painter.
- 1751 - James Madison (died 1836 ), fourth US president (1809–1817), one of the key authors of the US Constitution and the Bill of Rights.
- 1787 - Georg Simon Om (d. 1854 ), German physicist, who discovered the law, named after him ; also named after him is a unit of electrical resistance .
- 1792 - Mikhail Milonov (d. 1821 ), Russian poet.
- 1799 - Anna Atkins (d. 1871 ), English botanist and photographer.
- 1803 - Nikolai Yazykov (d. 1847 ), Russian poet and Slavophil.
- 1822 - Rosa Bonier (died 1899 ), French animal painter .
- 1825 - Camilo Castelo Branco (d. 1890 ), Portuguese prose writer, poet, playwright and critic.
- Francois Armand Sully-Prudhomd (d. 1907 ), French poet, first Nobel Prize in literature (1901).
- John Butler Yeats (died 1922 ), Irish portrait painter and graphic artist.
- 1849 - Grigory Prozritelev (d. 1933 ), Russian local history scholar, public figure.
- 1851 - Martin Beierink (died 1931 ), Dutch microbiologist and botanist, one of the founders of environmental microbiology and virology .
- 1853 - Heinrich Kaiser (died 1940 ), German physicist who discovered the presence of helium in the earth's atmosphere.
- 1855 - Alexei Polivanov (d. 1920 ), Russian military leader, General of Infantry , member of the State Council , member of the Russian-Turkish war of 1877–78. , Chief Editor of the Military Collection magazine and the Russian Invalid newspaper.
- 1859 - Alexander Popov (d. 1906 ), Russian physicist and electrical engineer, one of the inventors of radio.
- 1865 - Alexey Korin (died 1923 ), Russian peredvizhnik .
- 1868 - Aspazija (real name Elsa Rosenberg ; d. 1943 ), Latvian poetess, Rainis' wife.
- 1884 - Alexander Belyaev (d. 1942 ), Russian Soviet science fiction writer.
- 1885 - Sydney Chaplin (d. 1965 ), Anglo-American actor, Charlie Chaplin's older brother.
- 1889 - Vasily Toporkov (d. 1970 ), theater and film actor, theater director, People's Artist of the USSR.
- 1890 - Solomon Mikhoels (real name Vovsi ; killed in 1948 ), Soviet actor, director, public figure, head of the State Jewish Theater.
- Cesar Vallejo (died 1938 ), Peruvian poet, writer, playwright and journalist.
- Nikolai Kondratyev (shot in 1938 ), Russian economist, founder of the theory of economic cycles, known as the " Kondratieff cycles ."
- 1895 - Vladimir Levkov (died 1954 ), Soviet engineer, designer of the world's first hovercraft.
- 1907 - Arkady Vasilyev (d. 1972 ), Soviet writer, screenwriter, Darya Dontsova’s father.
- 1910 - Aladar Gerevich (d. 1991 ), Hungarian fencer, 7-time Olympic champion, 14-time world champion.
- 1911 - Josef Mengele (d. 1979 ), Nazi concentration camp doctor Auschwitz.
- 1914 - Arkady Chernyshov (died 1992 ), Soviet football player, hockey player and hockey coach, one of the founders of the Soviet school of ice hockey.
- 1918 - Frederik Raines (died 1998 ), American physicist who discovered neutrinos , Nobel Prize winner (1995).
- 1920 - Tonino Guerra (d. 2012 ), Italian poet, writer and screenwriter, co-author Federico Fellini .
- 1927 - Vladimir Komarov (died in 1967 ), Soviet test cosmonaut, twice Hero of the Soviet Union .
- 1928 - Igor Koropachinsky , Soviet and Russian dendrologist , academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences .
- 1931 - Mario Zagallo , Brazilian soccer player and football coach, two-time world champion (1958 and 1962).
- 1935 - Sergey Yursky (died 2019 ), theater and film actor, People’s Artist of the RSFSR.
- 1936 - Raymond Vahan Damadian , American physician and physicist of Armenian origin, inventor of magnetic resonance imaging .
- 1940 - Vagif Mustafa-zade (d. 1979 ), Azerbaijani musician and composer, jazzman, one of the great jazz pianists of the 20th century.
- 1941 - Bernardo Bertolucci (d. 2018 ), Italian film director, playwright and poet.
- Richard Stallman , the ideologist of GNU , the author of the concept of " copyleft "
- Isabelle Huppert , French film actress, winner of the " Cesar " award.
- 1958 - Igor Zakharkin , head coach of the Russian national hockey team (2006–2011), honored coach of Russia.
- Gore Verbinski , American film director and screenwriter.
- HRP Baxter , soloist and frontman of the German band Scooter
- 1967 - Bogdan Titomir , Russian singer, dancer, DJ, TV presenter.
- 1974 - Ekaterina Volkova , theater and film actress, singer, songwriter, model.
- 1976 - Zhu Chen , Chinese chess player, 9th world champion.
See also: Category: Dead March 16
Until the XIX century
- 37 - Tiberius Claudius Nero (born 42 BC ), Roman emperor (14-37).
- 455 - Valentinian III (b. 419 ), emperor of the Western Roman Empire (425-455).
- 1185 - Baldwin IV , King of Jerusalem (1174–1185).
- 1736 - Giovanni Battista Pergolesi (b. 1710 ), Italian composer, violinist and organist.
- 1801 - Alexandra Pavlovna (b. 1783 ), Grand Duchess, daughter of Paul I.
- Francesco Albergati (b. 1728 ), Italian poet and actor, marquis.
- Henrik Gabriel Portan (b. 1739 ), Finnish historian, philologist, educator.
- 1843 - Anton Reinhard Falk (b. 1777 ), Dutch politician.
- Osip Senkovsky (Baron Brambeus, born 1800 ), writer, orientalist, editor.
- James Bell (born 1797 ), British agent in Circassia.
- 1880 - Johann Jacob Weber (born 1803 ), German publisher.
- 1889 - Ernst Wilhelm Lebereht Tempel (b. 1821 ), German astronomer and graphic artist.
- 1898 - Aubrey Beardsley (b. 1872 ), English artist and poet.
- 1914 - Charles Albert Goba (b. 1843 ), Swiss writer, head of the International Peace Bureau ( 1905 - 1914 ), winner of the 1902 Nobel Peace Prize.
- 1919 - Yakov Mikhailovich Sverdlov (b. 1885 ), a Soviet party and state leader.
- 1923 - Alexander Lodygin (b. 1847 ), Russian electrical engineer, creator of the incandescent lamp.
- 1925 - August Wasserman (b. 1866 ), German microbiologist and immunologist .
- 1935 - Aron Nimtsovich (b. 1886 ), Russian and Danish chess player, chess theorist.
- 1940 - Selma Lagerlöf (b. 1858 ), Swedish writer, winner of the 1909 Nobel Prize in Literature .
- 1942 - Jacob Perelman (b. 1882 ), Russian and Soviet scientist, popularizer of science.
- 1955 - Nicola de Stahl (born 1914 ), a French artist of Russian origin, committed suicide.
- 1975 - T-Bone Walker (real name Aaron Thibault Walker , b. 1910 ), American blues singer and guitarist.
- 1979 - Jean Monnet (b. 1888 ), French statesman, initiator of European integration.
- 1998 - Derek Barton (b. 1918 ), English chemist, winner of the 1969 Nobel Prize.
- 2000 - Pavel Prudnikov (b. 1911 ), Belarusian poet and prose writer.
- 2008 - Laurel , Metropolitan of Eastern America and New York (b. 1928 ), First Hierarch of the Russian Church Abroad, who reunited it with the Moscow Patriarchate.
- 2012 - Takaaki Yoshimoto (born 1924 ), Japanese critic, poet, essayist and philosopher.
- 2014 - Victor Slavkin (b. 1935 ), Soviet and Russian playwright and screenwriter.
- 2019 - Julia Nachalova (b. 1981 ), Russian singer, actress, TV presenter.
Folk calendar, signs and folklore of Russia
- Basilisk Eutropius - snow drowns.
- The peasants bypassed the crosswise field , denoting that the sun did not have time to rest, it was necessary, they say, to take moisture, and to snow the field  .
- The bear wakes up and crawls out of its lair  .
► March 16
- ↑ In the XX and XXI centuries, the Gregorian calendar is 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar. For other centuries, the correspondence of the Gregorian and Julian dates is different; for the correct conversion, you can use a special date converter .
- ↑ Holidays March 16
- ↑ 1 2 Old style, March 3, New style March 16, Monday // Orthodox church calendar
- ↑ 1 2 March 16, 2015 // Orthodoxy and the world , the Orthodox calendar, 2015
- ↑ S. Brahman about the novel “Notre Dame de Paris” by Victor Hugo
- ↑ Fidler F. F. Neumark, George // Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary : 86 tons (82 tons and 4 extras). - SPb. , 1890-1907.
- ↑ Times: March 16.
- ↑ People signs on March 16th.