Georges Blain ( fr. Georges Blun [ʒɔʁʒ blœ̃] ; June 1, 1893 -?) - French journalist, agent of Soviet intelligence. Operational pseudonyms: Deil, Long, Leo, Ellie, Andre Choisy, Leonard Henry Long, Leo.
Georges Blain in the background in the center. 1928
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|Place of Birth||Alsace-Lorraine , France|
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Born June 1, 1893 in Alsace-Lorraine. French by origin. Parents: Georges and Lucy Korvizor. He was married to Maria Kenzel, a journalist.
He worked for the British and French secret services during the First World War . In 1920 he was expelled from Switzerland for subversive activities.
From 1925 to 1930, he worked in Germany , mainly in Berlin , as a correspondent for various newspapers, including Soire of Paris and the Journal des débats .
During the Second World War
In 1939, Georges Blain moved his correspondent office to Zurich , where he established good relations with the Germans. He also met many of the important people who worked for Swiss intelligence. In Switzerland, he was allowed to remain only under police surveillance.
In October 1941, Salter brought Otto Pünther (Pacbo) to Blen. Through Pakbo, Blaine met the Soviet intelligence officer, Shandor Rado .
From the memories of Shandor Rado:
These days, along with the next information, I received a note from Long through Pakbo. The Frenchman congratulated me on the grand victory of the Soviet weapon, wrote about his admiration for the combat capability and heroism of the Red Army. Long also asked to excuse him for that temporary discouragement which he could not overcome in himself a few months ago, for the doubts expressed to me at our meeting.
Yes, such a conversation was really between us. This happened when German troops approached the foothills of the Caucasus, and in Stalingrad itself broke through to the banks of the Volga.
Always cheerful and cheerful, Long fell into despair. It already seemed to him that everything was lost and the information that he was extracting for us hardly has any meaning. About this, I was told by Parkbo with great concern on one of my dates:
- Long insists on meeting with the main team leader. We could not lose such an experienced and talented intelligence officer as Long. I agreed, as an exception, to see him, violating the strictest conspiracy rules. But there was no other way out.
Our acquaintance took place in Bern, at the Pacbo apartment. I saw before me a very handsome man, short, broad-shouldered and red-cheeked. In appearance, Long was fifty years old. We talked then long past midnight. I do not know how much my words cheered up the depressed Long, but the information from him continued to flow, as before, neatly and was very useful.  .
Usually, Blaine lived in Berlin , although he was in Switzerland and France. In 1942, he created a refuge in Vorarlberg , for which the Soviet paratroopers in Austria paid him. One of the agents issued it. After interrogation by the Gestapo, Blaine was released.
From January to September 1943, he supplied information to the Swiss secret service. In 1943, Blain offered his services to French intelligence, but she could not pay the amount claimed by him.
Blain had an informant with the pseudonym "Agnes" - Ernst Lemmer , a Berlin correspondent for the Neue Zürcher Zeitung , who repeatedly came to Switzerland and was associated with anti-Nazi plotters . In addition, Blan gave Soviet intelligence information that Brooder (Brother), Fanny, Roth (Red) and Louise received from sources. The last pseudonym designated the intelligence department of the Swiss General Staff. Blain contacted the employees of the Swiss Intelligence and Counterintelligence Service, and also among the informants of Blan were German journalists, the announcer of the Swiss airline and the Swedish industrialists. Blanc collaborated with members of the French resistance.
The American intelligence officer in Switzerland, Allen Dulles, also came into contact with Blain and his German colleague, journalist Walter Bosshard, who were associated with former German Chancellor Joseph Wirth , who lived in exile in Switzerland.
After World War II
After World War II, Blanc left Switzerland and moved to East Berlin , where he worked for Soviet intelligence. In the fall of 1947, he came into contact with Japanese diplomats. Then he moved to Geneva , where he became a correspondent for Gazette de Geneve.
- Igor Bondarenko: “Red pianists” Roman chronicle.
- Alain Dulles: "Aces espionage"
- Leo Liner "Venona. The most secret operation of the American special services "
- Sandor Rado "Under the pseudonym of Dora"
- Kolpakidi Alexander Ivanovich IMPERIA GRU Essays on the history of Russian military intelligence Military intelligence in Russia before 1917
- Kolpakidi Alexander Ivanovich: “The Empire of the GRU. Essays on the history of Russian military intelligence "
- “The defectors: shot in absentia”
- Kolpakidi Alexander Ivanovich: "Encyclopedia of the military intelligence of Russia"
- Dmitry Prokhorov: "How much does it cost to sell the Motherland"
- Viktor Kuznetsov: "The NKVD against the Gestapo"
- Oleg Gordievsky, Christopher Andrew “KGB. History of foreign operations from Lenin to Gorbachev "