The history of postal and postage stamps in the province of Saxony covers the period of independent issues of the Main Postal Directorate of Halle ( 1945 - 1946 ) for the province of Saxony (now Saxony-Anhalt ), which was part of the Soviet zone of occupation of Germany .
|Province of Saxony †|
|him Provinz Sachsen|
The first mark of the province of Saxony ,
1945 ( Mi # 66X)
|Mail exists||since 1945|
|Main Post Directorate Halle ( Saxony Province ) (1945–1946)||1 Reichsmark = 100 pfennig|
|First postage stamps|
|Standard||October 10, 1945|
|Commemorative||December 17, 1945|
|Half mail||January 19, 1946|
|Latest issue||February 21, 1946|
After the occupation of Germany by the allied forces , the postal service again began to operate on the territory of the former Prussian province of Saxony . In June 1945, the post offices of the Imperial Postal Directorate of Magdeburg were opened in the British sector of Magdeburg Province  .
In early July 1945, the territory of the former province of Saxony entered the Soviet zone of occupation . From July 2, 1945, the Halle Post Office was resumed. Initially, the postal service was restored in the city and district of Halle (Saale). Stamps of previous issues with a smeared pattern were used (“Saxon blackening”), but in most cases the payment for postal services was made in cash   .
In July 1945, by order of the Soviet military administration , the province of Halle-Merseburg was merged with the province of Magdeburg and the land of Anhalt in the province of Saxony . In 1946 it was renamed to the province of Saxony-Anhalt, and in 1947 it became the land of Saxony-Anhalt .
On July 23, 1945, the postal directorate of the province of Saxony included the administrative district of Merseburg , and on July 26, the Imperial postal directorate of Magdeburg. From August 10, 1945, a postal service was established between the province of Saxony and the rest of the Soviet occupation zone of Germany  .
Issues of postage stamps
The first series of six standard stamps of the province of Saxony with a nominal value of 1 to 12 pfennigs was put into circulation on October 10, 1945. An additional stamp of 10 pfennig was released in January 1946. The miniature depicted the coat of arms of the province and was inscribed in it. Provinz Sachsen ("Province of Saxony"). They were printed in offset in Giseke and Devrient printing presses in Leipzig , with teeth and without teeth. Known postmaster perforations and notches are of interest only in letters    .
On December 17, 1945, two commemorative stamps were issued in honor of land reform. In miniatures, the artist Gebower depicted a plowing peasant . They were printed in the printing house of E. Ebelt. Stamps were issued without teeth and watermarks . In Wittenberg, the postmaster provided 11½ per teeth with all the marks of this issue sent to the city. The toothing was performed either vertically or horizontally    .
On February 21, 1946, the commemorative series was republished on thin parchment paper with a watermark and perforation. The paper was intended for printing stamps commissioned by Greece , but was not used. Miniatures were printed in the Leipzig printing houses Gizeke and Devrient    .
From January 19 to February 21, 1946, a series of three postage and charity stamps was published. An additional fee went to the fund of post-war restoration of industry and agriculture. In the miniatures, the artist Gebower depicted the construction of houses, the restoration of bridges and locomotives. They were printed in printing houses Gizeke and Devrient. The stamps were issued both with teeth and without teeth. In the cities of Dessau and Eilenburg ( Saxony ) on these stamps were made overprints of city names. They did not have mail circulation, although they did encounter postal cancellations    .
All postage stamps of the province of Saxony were withdrawn from circulation on October 31, 1946   .
The post office of the province of Saxony has also issued postal cards with a nominal value of 5 and 6 pfennig. In addition, these cards were issued with a paid answer    .
Special postmarks were applied in the city of Naumburg . From December 3 to December 9, 1945 - “Days of Culture December 3–9, 1945” , from January 1 to January 31, 1946 - “Rettet die Kinder. Domstadt Naumburg. Jan. 1946 ” (“ Save the Children. Naumburg. January 1946 ”)  .
In 1946, in Dessau, a horizontal overprint of the city name was made on the stamps of the province of Saxony. These postage stamps were not used and were used only as charity stamps  .
From July 25 to August 8, 1945 provisional stamps of four denominations were issued in Eckartsberg . They were typed on a typewriter . Provisoria were used only with the signature of a postal employee. Known typos. The stamps were removed from circulation on October 31, 1945   .
- History of postal and postage stamps of Germany
- The history of mail and postage stamps of Saxony
- History of mail and postage stamps of the Soviet occupation zone of Germany
- Local Mails of Saxony
- According to information from the Michel catalog.
- Vladinets N. Postwar Issues of Postage Stamps in Germany // Philately of the USSR . - 1973. - № 3. - pp. VI — VIII.
- GDR // Philatelic Geography. European foreign countries / N. I. Vladinets. - M .: Radio and communication, 1981. - 160 p. (Verified June 20, 2011)
- Saxony / 2. Rrovinz Sachsen // The Big Philatelic Dictionary / N. I. Vladinets, L. I. Illychev, I. Ya. Levitas ... [and others ] ; under total ed. N. I. Vladintsa and V. A. Jacobs. - M .: Radio and communication, 1988. - 320 p. - 40 000 copies - ISBN 5-256-00175-2 .
- Cards with a paid answer // Big Philatelic Dictionary / N. I. Vladinets, L. I. Illyev, I. Ya. Levitas ... [ and others ] ; under total ed. N. I. Vladintsa and V. A. Jacobs. - M .: Radio and communication, 1988. - p. 123. - 40 000 copies. - ISBN 5-256-00175-2 . (Checked July 31, 2017) Archived copy . The date of circulation is September 30, 2018. Archived July 31, 2017.
- For international prepaid cards, see the French article Cartes réponses internationales .
- Dessau Provisory // Big Philatelic Dictionary / N. I. Vladinets, L. I. Il'ichev, I. Ya. Levitas ... [ and others ] ; under total ed. N. I. Vladintsa and V. A. Jacobs. - M .: Radio and communication, 1988. - 320 p. - 40 000 copies - ISBN 5-256-00175-2 .
- Eckartsbergs issue // Big Philatelic Dictionary / N. I. Vladinets, L. I. Il'ichev, I. Ya. Levitas ... [ and others ] ; under total ed. N. I. Vladintsa and V. A. Jacobs. - M .: Radio and communication, 1988. - 320 p. - 40 000 copies - ISBN 5-256-00175-2 .