Stephen I ( him. Stephan I ; March 14, 1271 - December 10, 1310 ) - Duke of Lower Bavaria since 1290.
|Together with||Otto III ,|
|Birth||March 14, 1271 |
|Death||December 10, 1310 (39 years)|
Stephen was the son of Duke Henry XIII of Lower Bavaria and Elizabeth of Hungary, daughter of the Hungarian king Bela IV . His mother named him Stephen in honor of her brother, the Hungarian king Stephen V, and thus introduced the name “Stephen” into the Wittelsbach family.
At that time, the youngest sons in the family were destined for a spiritual path, since they had practically no chance of becoming sovereign rulers (Stefan had three older brothers), but Pope Nicholas IV refused him a spiritual career in Salzburg , and therefore Stefan had to father's death in 1290 to become co-regent of the duchy, along with older brothers.
Ludwig died in 1296, and Otto spent the years 1305-1308 in Hungary, and therefore at the beginning of the XIV century, Stephen was the only really reigning duke in Lower Bavaria. He was an opponent of the Habsburgs , and died in 1310 during the war against Frederick of Austria .
Family and children
In 1299, Stefan married Jutta Svidnitsky, the daughter of the prince of Yavory, Svidnytsky, Lvov and Zembick Boleslav Stern. They had eight children:
- Agnes (1301 - December 7, 1316), became a nun
- Beatrice (1302 - April 29, 1360), married Henry III of Goritsky
- Frederick (ca. 1303), considered dead in childhood
- Yutta (ok. 1304), is considered dead in childhood
- Henry XIV (September 29, 1305 - September 1, 1339)
- Elizabeth (1306 - March 25, 1330), married Otto of Austria
- Otto IV (January 3, 1307 - December 14, 1334)
- Ludwig (ca.1308), considered dead in childhood
- Stephen I at the Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie