Duchy of Lower Bavaria ( German: Herzogtum Niederbayern ) - Duchy of the Holy Roman Empire , which existed from 1255 to 1340.
|Duchy of Lower Bavaria|
|him. Herzogtum niederbayern|
1255 - 1340
The Lower Bavarian Duchy was formed in 1255 as a result of the division of the possessions of Duke Otto II between his sons: Henry received Lower Bavaria, and Ludwig received Upper (with the Palatinate ).
In 1331, as a result of a conflict between Henry XIV and relatives, the duchies of Bavaria-Burghausen , led by Otto IV , and Bavaria-Deggendorf , headed by Henry XV , stood out, but in 1332 the three dukes returned to joint rule.
After the extinction of the Lower Bavarian line of the Wittelsbachs, Ludwig IV was able in 1340 to reunite the Bavarian possessions of the family into a single whole.
When the children of Ludwig IV in 1349 shared the father’s inheritance, Ludwig V , Ludwig VI and Otton V received the unit, again called “Upper Bavaria”, and Stephen II , William I and Albrecht I got “Lower Bavaria”.
In 1353, Lower Bavaria was divided again: Stefan inherited the Bavarian-Landshut duchy , and Wilhelm and Albrecht received the Bavarian-Straubing duchy .
Dukes of Lower Bavaria
- Henry XIII (1255-1290)
- Otto III (1290–1312)
- Ludwig III (1290–1296)
- Stephen I (1290–1310)
- Henry XIV (1310–1339)
- Otto IV (1310–1334)
- Henry XV (1312–1333)
- Johann I (1339–1340)
- Stephen II , William I and Albrecht I (1347–1349)