"Throw-Sadness" or "Park on the street Kobzarskaya" ( Ukrainian. "Throw-» rust " ) - a park-monument of landscape art of local importance, located on the territory of the Podolsky district of the Kiev City Council ( Ukraine ). Established March 20, 1972 . Area - 7.3 ha. The land user is a utility company for the maintenance of greenery in the Podolsk district. It is a place of rest of the townspeople.
|IUCN Category V (Protected Landscape / Water Area)|
|Founding date||March 20, 1972|
|Managing Organization||KP SZN Podolsky district|
|Region||Kiev City Council|
The park received the status of a park-monument of landscape gardening art of local importance. Decision of the executive committee of the Kiev City Council of March 20, 1972 No. 363 with a total area of 14 hectares. By the decision of the Kyiv City Council No. 14 of February 17, 1994, the area of the park was reduced by 6.7 hectares.
The park is a part of the tract " Throw a Sadness ", in which country estates were located in the XIX century. At the beginning of the XIX century, there was the dacha of General Begichev, in the 1830s - the Lukashevich manor, at the end of the century the area belonged to the well-known Kiev publisher S. V. Kulzhenko , pro-rector of the Kiev Photographic Institute, professor of the Kiev Art Institute. Therefore, among the people of Kiev was spread one more name of this area - “Kulzhenko Cottage”.
In recent decades, the park area has significantly decreased due to the alienation of a part of its territory for the construction of the buildings of the Institute of Gerontology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, the Institute of Endocrinology of the Ministry of Health and the platform for the stay of trolleybuses (terminus of routes No. 6, 18 and 32).
The park is located on the site of an isolated part of the Pruscha-Voditsky forest massif that in the historical districts of the Windmills and Thrush- Kust between Soshenko , Kobzarskaya , Vyshgorodskaya and Morinetskaya streets . To the south there is a pond, to the east - the Institute of Gerontology named after DF Chebotarev of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, to the north - the terminus of trolley buses No. 6, 18, 32. There are several botanical nature monuments in the park and near it (centenary trees). There is a pump room.
The park does not have a decorated entrance, notices, fences (or hedges), there are very few ornamental shrubs , there are practically no beds.
How to reach Transport Taras Shevchenko Square ː trolley bus number 6 (from the metro station. Independence Square, Lukyanovskaya), 18 (from the metro station. Independence Square, Lukyanovskaya), 32 (from the metro station Nyvky), 33 (from the Southern Railway Station , near the metro station Vokzalnaya, and the metro station Lukyanovskaya), fixed-route taxi No. 181, 219, 227, 525 (from the metro station Petrovka), 537, 586 (from the metro station Lukyanovskaya). Nearest metro stationsː Minsk .
Forest type of landscape landscapes prevails, small areas are occupied by park (1.55 hectares), meadow (1.7 hectares) and garden (0.56 hectares) types of landscapes. In total, 31 species of woody plants grow here, among them the linden is heart-shaped .
The most valuable in the park are the remains of the old forest - trees in the part of the park adjacent to Kobzarskaya street. These are mostly old oaks (several dozen), less often limes and pines . Oaks are more than 200 years old, they reach 30 m in height and have a trunk diameter of up to 150 cm. Old linden trees are slightly lower - up to 25 m, with a trunk diameter of 95-100 cm. Special attention is paid to the old linden tree, which has three trunks (diameter each 50-60 cm), and below - a common trunk with a diameter of 3 m and a circumference of about 9 m. The tree has a live, developed crown. In the higher part of the park there are old pines with powerful column-like trunks 35–37 m high, and with a diameter of 90–100 cm, more than 150 years old.
Of the valuable wooden species should be noted a group of northern middle-aged oaks (red), which abundantly bear fruit.
In general, the part of the park located near Kobzarskaya Street is sparse old and middle-aged trees covered with grass, in which broomstick predominates. Mostly preserved forest plants - European hoof , short forest shrub, forest cleaner . On an elevation, there is a predominance of orchard maple stands with oak, elm , and cherries alone . The grass cover in them is underdeveloped.
In the part of the park adjacent to Soshenko Street , there are no old trees (although they certainly were here before, as they are located on the adjacent estates). Here are dominated by middle-aged and young birch , poplar , maple , there is a group of older aspen trees . There are also remains of an old garden .