Boris Borisovich Lezzano (1740-1827) - Italian, who in the Russian service rose to the rank of general from infantry . In 1798-1800 Irkutsk military governor .
|Boris Borisovich Lezzano|
From the portrait of Lezzano’s granddaughter,
Natalia Petrovna Divova, 1822
|Predecessor||Hristofor Andreevich Treiden|
|Successor||Nikolai Petrovich Lebedev|
|Predecessor||Ivan Romanovich Lieven|
|Successor||Dmitry Ivanovich Lobanov-Rostovsky|
|Death||July 5, 1827 |
Saint Petersburg , Russian Empire
|Burial place||St. Petersburg|
|Years of service||1753-1802|
|Rank||general from infantry|
|Commanded||Vitebsk Musketeer Regiment|
|Battles||The Russo-Turkish War (1787-1792) , the Storm of Ishmael (1790) , the Battle of Machin|
An Italian by birth, he began his service at the court with a "page-page" on January 1, 1753; 2 years later, on April 25, 1755, he was drafted into the army by a warrant officer, on January 1, 1759 he was promoted to lieutenant, on January 1, 1765 - on lieutenants, in 1767, on January 1 - as captains, in 1770 - in second majors, and the next year, October 22, 1771 - in prime majors; having been in this rank for 6 years, Lezzano was promoted to lieutenant colonel on January 30, 1777, colonel and on April 21, 1785, exactly 4 years later, in 1789, to be the foreman.
During this time he participated in campaigns: in 1760 and 1761. He was in Pomerania during the capture of Kohlberg, from 1770 to 1774 and in 1788 he fought with the Confederates in Poland, participated in the 2nd Turkish War , was in many affairs with the Turks, including during the assault of Izmail and the battle of Machin .
In November 1784, on November 26, he received the Order of St. George 4th century, and June 28, 1792 was granted George 3rd degree
|In respect to the diligent service, excellent courage and quickness shown by him when using it to take the fortification on the island against Brailov and succeed in that.|
Commanding, with the rank of foreman, the Vitebsk Musketeer Regiment, Lezzano was promoted to major general on January 1, 1795. Pavel I , who especially favored Lezzano, promoted him to lieutenant general on February 8, 1798, with the appointment of the Arkhangelsk military governor, then, on November 25, 1799, granted him the rank of infantry general, at the same time appointing the Irkutsk military the governor.
While in Arkhangelsk, Lezzano, in April 1798, he took away the brought paper with the acquaintance of "pernicious French liberties", which the Tsar ordered to burn. During his service in Irkutsk, he presented a project on the arrangement of land in Transbaikalia, laying the foundation for the settlement of the region, established supervision of the Chinese border, took care of the construction of the Circum-Baikal Road , and established the Kamchatka Landmilitia Regiment in 1801. On July 10, 1800 he was awarded the Order of St. John of the Commander's Cross of Jerusalem .
Lezzano remained the Irkutsk governor until 1802, when he was “dismissed from service” by decree on March 26, 1802, and previously, on January 25 of that year, he was “given the comment that construction of houses for settlers in Transbaikalia was not in a hurry” , and his successor was pointed out “an unfortunate experience, under the former governor Lezzano, made, which showed how harmful the orders have, based on constraint,”
Emperor Paul granted Lezzano an estate in the Novgorod province, where he built himself the estate " Vatagino ", which until the beginning of XX century. owned by his descendants - Divov and Khrapovitsky . Family tradition reports that Lezzano “appeared to the sovereign in an informal sword; to the angry remark of Paul I, Lezzano replied that "this sword was granted to him by the sovereign's parent, Peter III, why he wears it." “This answer replaced the royal anger with mercy: the Emperor immediately granted him his uniform sword and ordered him to wear it.” B. B. Lezzano "left behind the memory of an honest, strict and exacting servant, quick-tempered and up to his death - a peppy old man."
Mason , in the 1810th member of the St. Petersburg box "Flaming Star"  .
B. B. Lezzano died on July 5, 1827 and was buried in the cemetery of the Porcelain Factory , on the Neva.
- Letsano, Boris Borisovich // Russian Biographical Dictionary : in 25 volumes. - SPb. - M. , 1896-1918.
- Serkov A.I. Russian Freemasonry. 1731-2000 Encyclopedic Dictionary. M.: Russian Political Encyclopedia, 2001.