The Second Philippine Republic , the official name is the Republic of the Philippines ( tag. Republika ng Pilipinas ) - a state formed in the territory of the Philippines occupied by the Japanese empire . It existed from October 14, 1943 to August 17, 1945 .
|Puppet State of the Japanese Empire|
|Republic of the Philippines|
|Republika ng Pilipinas|
Location of the Philippines in Asia
October 14, 1943 - August 17, 1945
|Capital||Manila , Baguio|
|Form of government||One-Party Authoritarian Republic|
|The president||Jose P. Laurel|
|Head of the government||Jorge B. Vargas|
|National Assembly Speaker||Benigno S. Aquino|
|• Mode set:||October 14, 1943|
|• Mode canceled:||August 17, 1945|
During World War II, Japanese troops landed in the Philippines in December 1941 . January 2, 1942 they captured Manila . On May 6, 1942, the last American units on Correhydid Island capitulated. Japan completely captured the Philippines on May 6, 1942 , after the Battle of the Correhidor .
In January 1942 , the creation of a civil administration was announced, the Consultative State Council and the Executive Commission headed by H. Vargas were formed . Along with this, all political parties were banned. October 14, 1943 was proclaimed the formal independence of the Philippine Republic. The presidency was taken by the nationalist Jose Pasiano Laurel .
In fact, the power in the archipelago passed to the Japanese occupation authorities, who began rebuilding the Philippine economy in accordance with the needs of Japan .
The return of the Philippines to US power
In February 1945, American troops, together with the partisans of the Resistance, liberated Manila . The last Japanese units were defeated by July 1945 (although some groups and military personnel of the Japanese army refused to lay down arms and continued to struggle).
Having occupied the Philippines, American troops disbanded local authorities and arrested a number of leaders of the ruling party.
July 4, 1946 was proclaimed independence of the Philippines.