Semen Fedorovich Vorotynsky (died after 1496 ) - Verkhovsky specific prince of the Vorotynsky clan.
|Semen Fedorovich Vorotynsky|
|Date of death||after 1496|
|Allegiance||Grand Duchy of Moscow|
|Father||Fedor Lvovich Vorotynsky|
|Mother||Maria Koributovna Severskaya|
|Spouse||1) the daughter of Prince Ivan Andreevich Mozhaisky; |
2) the daughter of Prince Ivan Vasilyevich Yaroslavsky
Like his two brothers, Dmitry and Mikhail , Semyon was the son of Fyodor Lvovich Vorotynsky and Maria Koributovna, princesses Novgorod-Severskaya. After the death of his father, Fyodor Lvovich Vorotynsky, his sons Mikhail , Dmitry and Semyon inherited the Vorotyn principality . Each of the three brothers owned the third Vorotynsk. On March 10, 1483, Semyon Fyodorovich Vorotynsky, together with his brother Dmitry and nephew Ivan Mikhailovich, took a vassal oath of allegiance to the King of Poland and the Grand Duke of Lithuania Casimir Jagiellon . In addition to the third Vorotynsk, Semyon Fedorovich owned the towns of Mosalsk , Serpeysk , Zalidov , Gorodechna , Luchin and Opakov .
At first, the brothers Semyon and Dmitry Fedorovich Vorotynsky faithfully served the Grand Duke of Lithuania Kazimir Yagellonchik, made devastating raids on the border lands of Moscow. At the end of 1488, the Vorotyn princes made a raid "with standard colors and pipes" on Medynsky volost. In the spring of 1489, the Grand Duke of Moscow Ivan III Vasilyevich ( 1462 - 1505 ) organized a retaliatory campaign against the Vorotyn principality . Eleven Russian governors under the command of Prince Vasily Ivanovich Patrikeev invaded Lithuanian border possessions and besieged Vorotynsk. The brothers Dmitry and Semyon Vorotynsky led the defense of their specific capital. Russian governors could not capture Vorotynsk , but they burned the suburbs and destroyed the urban neighborhood, capturing many prisoners.
In December 1489, Prince Dmitry Fedorovich Vorotynsky , Semyon's brother, transferred with his inheritance to the service of the Grand Duke of Moscow, Ivan III Vasilyevich . Dmitry Fyodorovich transferred to Moscow citizenship "with all his homeland" and seized by him the "valley" of his brother Semyon, who remained loyal to the vassal oath of allegiance to Casimir. Dmitri Fyodorovich Vorotinsky, by force, seized a lot from his brother Semyon, and also seized his treasury and forced his boyars and servants to go to his service. Semen Fedorovich Vorotynsky remained loyal to the great prince of Lithuania, Casimir Jagellon, until his death in June 1492 .
In August 1492, the Grand Duke of Moscow and the sovereign of All Russia, Ivan III Vasilyevich, organized a major campaign against the border Lithuanian possessions. The first Russian army under the command of Prince Fedor Telepnya-Obolensky seized the cities of Mtsensk and Lyubutsk . Gorda were ravaged and burned. The Mtsenskys and the Ljubutsky Bajore were captured. At the same time, the second army led by Vasily Lapin and Andrey Istoma captured the towns of Hlepeni and Rogachev . In September, the princes Ivan Mikhailovich Peremyshlsky and Odoyevsky captured Mosalsk , capturing the local Mosalsky princes.
At the end of 1492, Semyon Fedorovich Vorotynsky, with his specific princedom, moved to the service of the Grand Duke of Moscow, Ivan III Vasilyevich . According to a Lithuanian source, his brother Dmitri Fyodorovich Vorotynsky forced him to do this. In his letter to the new Grand Duke of Lithuania, Alexander Kazimirovich, Semyon Fedorovich Vorotynsky explained his transition to the Moscow service by saying that the Grand Duchy of Lithuania could not protect his possessions. Semyon Vorotynsky transferred to Moscow citizenship not only with possessions, once granted to him by the Grand Duke of Lithuania Casimir (the city of Gorodechnya and Luchin-Gorodok with volosts), but also captured the cities of Serpeysk and Mesetsk . In the same 1493, the brothers Dmitry and Semen Fedorovich Vorotynsky made a campaign against the Mosalsky principality , the princes of which remained loyal to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania . Princes Vorotinsky captured, ravaged and burned Mosalsk .
At the beginning of 1493, the Grand Duke of Moscow, Ivan III Vasilyevich, organized a great campaign against the frontier Lithuanian possessions. The Russian army, consisting of five regiments, led by Prince Mikhail Ivanovich Kolyshka-Patrikeev, invaded Lithuanian territories and seized the city of Mezieck , which voluntarily surrendered, Serpeysk and Opakov , who were besieged, taken by assault and burned. The high-ranking service princes Semyon and Dmitry Fedorovich Vorotynsky and their retinue took part in the campaign of the Russian army.
In February 1494 in Moscow, eternal peace was concluded between the Grand Duchy of Moscow and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania . The new Grand Duke of Lithuania, Alexander Jagiellon ( 1492-1506 ), the son and successor of Kazimir Yagellonchik , was forced to recognize the transition of most of the Upper Princes, including Semyon Fedorovich Vorotynsky, together with their inheritances to the service of the Grand Duke of Moscow, Ivan III Vasilyevich .
In 1496, from his illness, Prince Semen Fedorovich Vorotynsky could not take part in the war of the Russian state with Sweden ( 1495 - 1497 ). His brother Dmitry Fedorovich and nephew Ivan Mikhailovich Vorotinsky participated in the campaign of the Russian army to Vyborg with their retinues.
Semen Fedorovich Vorotynsky was married twice. His first wife was the daughter of Prince Ivan Andreevich Mozhaisky , and again married the daughter of Prince Ivan Vasilyevich Yaroslavsky . Despite this, Semyon Vorotynsky died, leaving no children behind. After the death of Semen Fedorovich Vorotynsky, his specific principality passed into the possession of the Grand Duke of Moscow, Ivan III Vasilyevich , who bequeathed him to his son Yuri Ivanovich Dmitrovsky .
Krom MM “Between Russia and Lithuania” (Borderlands in the system of Russian-Lithuanian relations of the end of the 15th - first third of the 16th century), Quadriga Publishing House, Moscow, 2010 ISBN 978-5-91791-028-4