Besh-Aral State Reserve was established in 1979 to protect the unique animal and plant world of the territory located in the western part of the Chatkal valley. The area of the reserve is 112018 hectares.
|Besh-Aral State Reserve|
|IUCN Category Ia (Strict Nature Reserve)|
According to various estimates in the reserve grows from 700 to 1500 species of plants. The list of vascular plants is 446 names. With regard to the main types of vegetation growing in the reserve, there is no consensus. According to one estimate the following types of plant communities: mountain ephemeral semi-deserts, mountain steppes, Shibliak (xerophilous trees and shrubs), steppe mountain semisavanna, hardwood floodplain forests, mountain coniferous forests, meadow-marsh vegetation, upland xerophytes petrophytic vegetation cryophilic vegetation . On the other - juniper woodlands, flood plain and tugai vegetation, large grass half-savanna, subalpine meadows, and alpine meadows. Prangos Lipsky (Prangos lipskyi Korov.), Hybrid pion or steppe (Paeonia hybrida Pall.), Tianshan maykaragan Califaca (B. Fedtsch) Gorbunova, an allogramea swept , or kolyuchististlistl of a charts , or a stringer , a charts , a charts , and a clerk to draw a piece of a word to it. (Regel) Ovcz. & Czuk.), Ungernia Severtsova (Ungernia sewerzowii (Regel) B. Fedtsch.), Rhubarb Maximovich (Rheum maximowiczii Losinsk.), Rhubarb Vittrok (Rh. Wittrockii Lundstr.), Morina Kokand (Morina kananananankan (Rh. Wittrockii Lundstr.), Morina Kokandskya (Morina kananananteanckan) , Turkestan cornflower (Centaurea turkestanica Franch.), Korolkov aronnik (Arum korolkowii Regel), korolkovia (Korolkowia sewerzowii Regel). [one]
The reserve is inhabited by 46 species of mammals, including the following key and indicator species: wild boar , ibex , sandstone hare , fox , wolf , Tianshan bear , Turkestan lynx , leopard , stone marten , American mink , Central Asian otter , ermine , weasel , porcupine and Menzbier's marmot . According to various estimates, from 98 to 150 species of birds live in the reserve. The herpetofauna lives mainly in the lower altitude zone and consists of 10 species of reptiles and amphibians, including such species as the steppe agama , desert gologlaz , Alai gologlaz , colorful lizard , Nikolsky FMD (or Kirghiz lizard ), gray gecko , yellowfoot , zyrophorodus , or zygozum , zyrophorus , zyrophilis , zyrophilis , zyrophilis , zyrophilicus , zygophilicus , zygophagus , zygophagus , zygophilicus , zygophilis , or zygophilicus , or zygophagus ; patterned snake , Pallas shitomordnik . The ichthyofauna of the reserve has 12 species, including the following species: the common marinka , the naked Osman , the Syrdarya char , the Turkestan catfish , the Talas dace , the Turkestan minnow , the scaly osman , the Kushakevich loach , the Terc char , the Eastern gambusia , the acclimatized and the Chatkuli kyakaliye , and the Khukal kyatka , the Tamkali , the Tamborean dace , the Eastern gambusia , the acclimatizant, and the Khakuli marshmallow . 
- Preserves of Central Asia and Kazakhstan / V.E. Sokolova, E.E. Syroechkovsky. - Moscow “Thought”, 1990. - 399 p. - 100 000 copies - ISBN 5-244-00273-2 .
- Flora and vegetation of the Besh-Aral State Reserve (Inaccessible link - history ) .
- Fauna of Besh-Aral State Reserve (Inaccessible link) . The date of circulation is December 29, 2009. Archived March 5, 2016.