Loharn ( English Laugharne , Wall. Talacharn [Talaharn] ) - a city in the county of Carmarthenshire in Wales , United Kingdom . Lokharn is located in southwest Wales, at the confluence of the River Taw into the Carmarthen Bay.
|English Laugharne |
|A country||Great Britain|
|History and geography|
|Population||2942  people ( 2001 )|
|Denominations||Christians (81%) |
|Telephone code||+ 44-1994|
The population in the city is 2942 people (for 2001 )  . In one way or another, 38% of the inhabitants of the town speak Welsh , although only 17% are fluent, which is significantly less than in the county as a whole.  In the locality where the city is located, the English spoken language is rather peculiar, which was influenced by the dialects of the nearby English county of Devonshire and the Welsh language of Carmarthenshire. Many archaic words and verbal phrases are used.
Archaeological excavations show that the terrestrial surface of the cape, above which the ruins of Lokharn Castle now rise, is a stretch of refined leveled land, on which a prehistoric or Roman-British settlement could be located.  The first mention of Lokharn in written sources seems to be a message in the Princes Chronicle in 1172 about the regular meeting between Lord Rees and Henry II in Talaharn, the Welsh name of the city.  A little later, describing the events of 1189 , the chronicle probably reports on the existence of Lokharn Castle:
|That year, Lord Rees took possession of the castles of Saint-Clair, Aberkorran and Llanstefan . [five]|
In this quotation, Aberkorran is identified with the Lokharn castle, since the etymology of the latter name comes from the Welsh aber - mouth and Corran (modern Coran) - the name of the tributary Tava, whose mouth is located on the territory of modern Lokharn. The castle of the 12th century was most likely a motte and bailey .
The emergence of the city of Lokharn was directly associated with 1291 , when the owner of these places and one of the Lords of the Welsh brand Guy de Briand bestowed a charter on the organization of the municipal corporation Lokharn, which was ruled by a bailiff and a subordinate city council. 
Further references to the city in the chronicles are associated with its capture by Llywelyn the Great in 1215 and his grandson in 1257 . During the last assault, the old castle was badly damaged and Guy IV de Briand, who owned the manor at that time, set about building a stone castle, the remains of which have survived to the present day. 
In 1488, possession together with the city became the property of the Counts of Northumberland , then in 1575 Queen Elizabeth transferred the castle and environs to the property of John Perrot , who, in particular, turned the medieval fortress into a Tudor-style mansion. 
In the Elizabethan period, the building of Lokharn consisted of more than 90 buildings, and the city was among the six largest cities of Wales, acting as a fairly important port in the Bristol Bay . However, during the industrial revolution, the city lost its meaning. For many years, the basis of the city’s economy was agriculture and sea fishing, in particular oyster mining.  Currently, Loharn serves as a tourist resort city.
The center of Lokharn is built up with Georgian architectural style, the suburbs are mostly villas in the style of folk architecture . Near the town are the ruins of the castle Lokharn . The architectural sights also include the Town Hall , the 13th century St. Martin’s Church and the Dylan Thomas Boat House .
Richard Hughes lived in the arbor, built into the wall of the castle Lokharn, from 1934 to 1940 . Here he wrote the novel "In Peril". It is believed that it was visits to Hughes that gave Dylan Thomas the desire to settle in this town. [eight]
In May 1938, Dylan Thomas bought a house in Lokharn, but in 1940 he returned to London . In 1949, Thomas again moved to Lokharn to live the last years in his boat house. Thomas died during a tour in 1953 in the United States . After death, he was transported to Wales and buried near the church in Lokharn. 
- Census Data: Key Figures for 2001 Census: Census Area Statistics (English)
- Knowledge of Welsh (UV13)
- History of Laugharne castle on the Lokharn information site Archival copy dated February 11, 2012 on the Wayback Machine (eng.)
- Brut y Tywysogion, entry for 1172: a duw Llun Pasc yd ymdidanawd a Rys yn Talacharn ar y fford.
- Brut y Tywysogion, entry for the year 1189: Y ulwydyn honno y goresgynnawd yr arglwyd Rys gastell Seyntler Aber Goran, a Llan Yystyfian.
- “History of Laugharne” on geocities.com Archival copy dated July 28, 2009 on the Wayback Machine (eng.)
- "Laugharne castle" on castlewales.com (English)
- "Dylan Thomas and Lokharn"
- "Dylan Thomas and Lokharn" (eng.)