Vladimir Leonidovich Góvorov ( October 18, 1924 , Odessa , USSR , USSR - August 13, 2006 , Moscow , Russian Federation ) - Soviet military leader, army general (1977). Hero of the Soviet Union (1984). Member of the Central Committee of the CPSU (1981-1990).
|Vladimir Leonidovich Govorov|
|Date of Birth||October 18, 1924|
|Place of Birth||Odessa , USSR , USSR|
|Date of death||August 13, 2006 (81 year)|
|Place of death||Moscow , Russian Federation|
|Type of army||Ground troops|
|Years of service||1942 - 1992|
|Commanded||2nd Guards Tank Army ; |
Baltic Military District ;
Moscow Military District ;
USSR Ground Forces ;
USSR Civil Defense troops
|Battles / Wars||The Great Patriotic War|
|Awards and prizes|
Other states :
|Retired||Chairman of the All-Russian Committee of War Veterans|
Vladimir Leonidovich Govorov was born on October 18, 1924 in Odessa in the family of the future Marshal of the Soviet Union, L. A. Govorov .
In 1938, at the age of 14, he and his school friend decided to go to Spain to fight in the republican army in the Spanish Civil War . They fled from the house, got from Moscow to Tuapse , where they found a ship departing to Spain , secretly made their way to it and were found already at sea.
In 1942 he graduated from the 2nd Moscow Special Artillery School.
Great Patriotic War
In June 1942 he was drafted into the ranks of the Red Army . In 1943 he graduated from the Ryazan Artillery School .
Since October 1943, Vladimir Leonidovich Govorov took part in battles on the fronts of the Great Patriotic War . He commanded a fire platoon, then an artillery battery on the Leningrad and 2nd Baltic fronts .
He participated in the defense of Leningrad , the offensive operations of the Soviet troops in the Baltic States , the blockade of the Courland group . He was wounded and awarded the Order of the Patriotic War, II degree.
Post War Career
In 1946 he graduated from the Higher Officers Artillery School, after which he commanded the artillery battalion.
With the end in 1949 of the Military Academy named after MV Frunze, he served in the Kaliningrad Region ( Baltic Military District ) as deputy commander of a mechanized regiment, from 1952 - as commander of the same regiment as part of the 11th army . In 1956 he was appointed deputy division commander, and in September 1958 - commander of the 57th Guards Motorized Rifle Division in the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany . In June 1961, sent to study.
In 1963 he graduated from the Military Academy of the General Staff with a gold medal, after which he served in the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany as chief of staff and first deputy commander (from September 1963), and from July 1, 1967 as commander of the 2nd Guards Tank by the army . On May 28, 1969, Vladimir Leonidovich Govorov was appointed First Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany .
From June 1971 - Commander of the Baltic Military District .
Since July 1972 - Commander of the Moscow Military District . At the same time - the head of the Moscow garrison. In the summer of 1972, he directed fire extinguishing on the territory of the Moscow Military District, at the same time he first used pipeline troops to extinguish peat fires .
October 28, 1977 Vladimir Leonidovich Govorov was given the military rank of army general .
From 1972 to 1980 and in 1995, he commanded parades on Red Square .
In December 1980, he was appointed commander-in-chief of the Far East , stationed in an area of 11 million square meters. kilometers and included the Trans-Baikal and Far Eastern military districts , the Pacific Fleet , as well as Soviet troops in Mongolia . Army General Govorov cooperated with the armies of Vietnam , Kampuchea , Laos and Mongolia. Vladimir Leonidovich Govorov led a great social and political work, was associated with local Soviet and party organs and enjoyed enormous prestige, he was awarded the title of Honorary Citizen of Ulan-Ude .
By decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of October 17, 1984, for the great contribution made to improving the combat readiness of troops, the skillful leadership of units, formations and associations, personal courage and bravery shown in the struggle against the German fascist invaders during the Great Patriotic War, and in connection with the 60th anniversary of the birth of General of the Army Vladimir Leonidovich Govorov, he was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and the Gold Star medal (No. 11520).
On June 19, 1984, he was appointed to the post of Chief Inspector of the USSR Ministry of Defense - Deputy Minister of Defense of the USSR , and on July 11, 1986 - to the post of Head of the USSR Civil Defense - Deputy Minister of Defense of the USSR . He supervised the liquidation of the consequences of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant and all the disasters that occurred in the USSR. Thanks to Vladimir Leonidovich Govorov, a large-scale restructuring was launched in the Civil Defense of the USSR, the purpose of which was to reorient it to emergency situations occurring in peacetime. The civil defense of the country became the basis of the Russian Emergencies Ministry, which was created later.
On August 15, 1991, Vladimir Leonidovich Govorov filed a report on dismissal from the ranks of the USSR Armed Forces , on August 17, 1991, by decree of Gorbachev No. UP-2405, he was dismissed from the post of head of the Civil Defense, in 1992 he was dismissed.
Candidate member of the CPSU Central Committee since 1976 . Member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1981-1990 . Deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR : Council of the Union of 8-10 convocations (1972–1984) from the Tula region   , Council of Nationalities of the 11th convocation (1984–1989) from the Buryat ASSR  .
He lived and worked in Moscow . He died on August 13, 2006 . He was buried at the Novodevichy cemetery  .
Since July 1994 - Chairman of the Committee of the All-Russian Public Organization of War Veterans. Since 2001 - Chairman of the Russian Committee of War and Military Veterans (RKVV). In a short time, Govorov managed to rally numerous regional veterans' organizations and turn the RVWR into a strong social structure capable of defending the interests of veterans of all wars at the highest levels of government, as well as intensifying work on the military-patriotic education of young people. Such a PKWV remained up to the departure of V. L. Govorov from life.
V. L. Govorov was a member of the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation and participated in international activities. He was rightly considered one of the leaders of the international veteran movement, as evidenced by his election as vice-president of the World Federation of War Veterans. He was one of the organizers of the International Conference of Veteran Organizations of Central and Eastern Europe, held in Moscow in 1997 , where he made and made specific proposals on the further development of the world veteran movement. Under his leadership, close ties were established with national veteran organizations of more than 40 countries of the world.
He led events in preparation for the celebration of anniversaries of the Great Victory. May 9, 1995, commanded a parade of veterans on Red Square in Moscow, dedicated to the 50th anniversary of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War. In 2000, he took part in the Victory Parade , which was the last parade in which veterans marched on Red Square on foot.
On June 28, 2005, he signed the “Letter in support of the verdict to the former heads of Yukos”, among 50 other members of the public  .
- Major General (05/06/1961).
- Lieutenant General (12/25/1967).
- Colonel-General (04/29/1970).
- Army General (10/28/1977).
- Hero of the Soviet Union (1984);
- Order of Merit for the Fatherland, 3 degrees (1999);
- Order of Friendship (1995);
- two orders of Lenin (1980, 1984);
- two orders of the Red Banner (1967, 1972);
- Order of the Patriotic War , 1st and 2nd degrees (1985, 1944);
- Order "For Service to the Motherland in the Armed Forces of the USSR" of the 2nd and 3rd degrees (1983, 1975);
- medals of Russia and the USSR
- foreign awards
- Honorary titles
- Honorary citizen of Ulan-Ude .
- A plaque on the building of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia in Moscow.
- A plaque on the building of the former Moscow Military Military District headquarters in Moscow (24 Kosmodamianskaya Embankment ).
- Armed Forces of the USSR .
- Parade on Red Square .
- Deputies of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. 9 convocation Publication of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. - M. , 1974. - 550 p.
- List of Deputies of the 10th USSR Supreme Soviet
- List of deputies of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR 11 convocation
- Today, the funeral of General Vladimir Govorov , IA REGNUM, August 17, 2006.
- Appeal of cultural figures, scientists, members of the public in connection with the sentence imposed on former leaders of the YUKOS Oil Company .
- Kalashnikov K.A., Dodonov I.Yu. Highest commanders of the Armed Forces of the USSR in the post-war period. Reference materials (1945-1975). Volume 1. Ust-Kamenogorsk: “Media Alliance”, 2013. - ISBN: 978-601-7378-16-5. - pp.71-72.
- Military Encyclopedia in 8 volumes. M.: Military publishing house, 1994-2004. - T.2.
- Civil protection: Encyclopedia in 4 volumes under total. ed. Puchkova V.A. Volume 1: A - And. - Third edition, revised and enlarged. - M .: FSBI VNII GOCHS (FC), 2015. - 666 p. - ISBN 978-5-93790-128-0 . - p. 354.