Popularism (from Italian. Popolarismo ; Italian. Popolar — popular) is a political ideology that seeks consistency in actions and mutual concern in relations between all parts of society . According to popularism, the achievement of this harmony requires that the policy pursued covers the interests of all members of society. Such an approach is opposed to politics in the interests of individual classes and individualism . At the same time, he focuses on democracy as opposed to extreme state nationalism and fascism .
The original author of the concept was Don Luigi Sturzo . The term has long been considered synonymous with Christian democracy , since it derives from the name of the Italian Popular Party "Popolari" ( Italian: Partito Popolare Italiano ), which viewed popularism as the basis of its doctrine. Since then, many Christian Democratic parties have called themselves "popular."
A common consequence of commitment to popularism is centrism and moderate conservatism . Critics of the concept often accuse its supporters of opportunism .
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- Christian democracy
- European People's Party
- Popolars for Italy