Phalaenopsis cochlearis (possible Russian names Phalaenopsis lozenge , or Phalaenopsis cochlearis ) is a monopodial epiphytic, lamenting plant of the Orchid family.
|International Scientific Name|
Phalaenopsis cochlearis Holttum , 1964
The species does not have a well-established Russian name; the Russian-language sources use the scientific name Phalaenopsis cochlearis.
The English name is Spoon-like Phalaenopsis.
Polychilos cochlearis ( Holttum ) Shim 1982
Litofit , rarely epiphyte of medium size. It grows in foothill wet forests on limestone outcrops at altitudes up to 600-700 m above sea level.
Stem shortened. Leaves 2-4, rarely 6.
The leaves are thin, oblong-oval. On the surface of the sheet, you can see 5 longitudinal strips (veins) on both sides of the central core. Sheet length about 20 cm, width - 8 cm.
Peduncle 30-50 cm, erect, branching.
The flowers are odorless, the texture is thin with distinct segments, 4-5 cm in diameter. The color of flowers varies from white to pale green, green or yellow with two brown or brown-orange stripes at the base of the petals.
The flowering season is autumn, the flowering duration is 1-2 months.
Area, environmental features
Malaysia , Sarawak , Borneo
In places where seasonal fluctuations in temperature are almost absent. The difference between day and night temperatures is 6-8 ° C. Relative humidity ranges from 82 to 88%. The maximum amount of precipitation falls from October to March, at which time monthly mean values range from 300 to 680 mm. From April to September, the rains are less; the monthly mean values are 180–220 mm.
The first Phalaenopsis cochlearis were discovered at the end of the 19th century, described by Heinrich Gustav Reichenbach  .
In the culture is read difficult. The temperature group is warm.
Lighting requirements: 800–1200 FC , 8608–12912 lx  .
Poor tolerates damage to the roots. New builds up with difficulty. Regular addition of calcium carbonate or lime to the substrate can have a positive effect on plant growth and health.
Additional information on agricultural technology in the Phalaenopsis article.
Actively used in hybridization .
Primary Hybrids ( Grexes )
- Amblearis - amboinensis x cochlearis (Dr Henry M Wallbrunn) 1972
- Andy Jackson - cochlearis x stuartiana (Atmo Kolopaking) 1982
- Anthony The - cochlearis x equestris (Atmo Kolopaking) 1981
- Austin Chow - philippinensis x cochlearis (Austin Chow) 2001
- Golden Bantam - cornu-cervi x cochlearis (Dr Henry M Wallbrunn) 1970
- Golden Jubilee - cochlearis x fasciata (Irene Dobkin) 1975
- Little Darlin '- violacea x cochlearis (Jones & Scully) 1969
- Maculearist - maculata x cochlearis (Shaffer's Tropical Garden) 1985
- Memoria Frederick Thornton - fimbriata x cochlearis (Dr Stephen A Pridgen) 1985
- Tridacna - gigantea x cochlearis (Dr Henry M Wallbrunn) 1983
- Viviane Dream - amabilis x cochlearis (Luc Vincent) 1999
Diseases and pests
- On the conditionality of specifying the class of monocotyledons as a higher taxon for the group of plants described in this article, see the “APG Systems” section of the article “Monocotyledons” .
- Ph * Phalaenopsis cochlearis at Especes de Phalaenopsis (Eng.)
- 版權所有 請勿 任意 轉載 Unsolved (inaccessible link) . The appeal date is October 27, 2009. Archived October 6, 2011.
- Beaman, TE et al. 2001. Orchids of Sarawak. (Orch Sarawak)
- Christenson, EA 2001. Phalaenopsis: a monograph. (Monog Phalaenopsis) 93-94.
- Seidenfaden, G. & JJ Wood. 1992. The orchids of peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. (Orch MalSing)
- Wood, JJ & PJ Cribb. 1994. A checklist of the orchids of Borneo. (L Orch Borneo)
- Gruss O, Rollke L, 1991, Phalaenopsis cochlearis Holttum 1964. Orchidee 42. (1): center page pullout pp. 631–632