Trdat I or Tiridat I ( Armenian Տրդատ Ա , lat. Tiridatus ) - king of Great Armenia in 62-88 years , founder of the Armenian dynasty Arshakuni (reigned in 62-428 years ), which is a branch of the Parthian dynasty Arshakids
The brother of the Parthian king Vologuez I , in 54, he planted on the throne of Armenia. This triggered a 10-year war between Rome and Parthia. Initially, the success was on the side of the Romans, who, in the years 58 - 59 led by Gnei Domitius Korbulon, occupied both Armenian capitals - Tigranakert and Artashat (the latter was destroyed by them) and elevated their protege Tigran VI to the Armenian throne.
However, in 62, the capitulation of the part of the Roman army surrounded by a military clash ( Battle of Rendezvous ) (2 legions of four: IV Scythica and XII Fulminata ) under the command of Lucius Cesenius Pet near the town of Rendea near Arsamosata followed , and the following year a peace treaty was concluded, according to which Tiridat received the Armenian throne, but as a vassal of Rome, and had to go there in order to receive the royal diadem from the hands of the emperor Nero . In 66, he was solemnly crowned by Nero in the Circus Maximus ; Nero even gave him the masters, with the help of whom Tiridat restored Artashat, calling him Nero. In recent years ( 73 years ), Tiridat suffered a serious defeat from the Alans invading Armenia, and, according to Josephus Flavius , he nearly fell into captivity: the Alanian warrior threw a lasso around his neck, which he, however, managed to cut with a sword.
According to the American Armenist J. Russell, according to religious beliefs Tiridat was an ardent follower of Zoroastrianism  .
- James R. Russell. Zoroastrianism in Armenia. - Harvard University, 1987 .-- P. 268.
- Tiridat // Encyclopedic Dictionary of Brockhaus and Efron : in 86 volumes (82 volumes and 4 additional). - SPb. , 1890-1907.