Fair Play (eng. “Fair play” - fair play), according to UEFA , is an important part of the successful propaganda and development of sports, as well as enhancing the entertainment of matches. To promote this concept since 1993/94. a regular seasonal (from May 1 to April 30) rating of "Fair play" was introduced based on the evaluation of matches in UEFA-sponsored competitions, including matches between teams and clubs. Compliance with the rules of fair play is assessed by the UEFA delegate, who after each match draws up a report in a certain form, coordinating it with the main arbiter . In the final ranking, only those associations are taken into account, the teams of which have spent at least 30 matches in UEFA tournaments.
According to the results of the counting, the three associations with the highest rating are allocated one additional place in the first qualifying round of the UEFA Europa League (previously in the UEFA Cup ; until 1998 [to clarify ] - in the first round). Until 2009, one ticket to the UEFA Cup received an association with the highest rating, and the other two were determined by blind lot among associations with a rating of 8,000 or more points.
These places are reserved for the winners of the local “Fair Play” competitions, and if they have already made their way into the European Cup tournaments, then the next team will get a ticket (until 1998 [ clarify ] the place in the UEFA Cup was given to the team in accordance with its place in the national championship - the highest of those who did not get into the European Cup at the end of the season  . The ticket received in such a way is given to the club from the highest division having the highest Fair Play rating in its federation. If this club has already passed to UEFA club competitions, then its place is taken by the next highest division team in the internal rating of “Fair play”.
The procedure for calculating the rating "Fair play"
The “fair play” rating of a federation is determined by dividing the total score of all its teams by the number of rated matches, and the club rating by dividing the total score of the club by the number of rated matches of this club. As a result, only those national federations are taken into account whose teams have played a sufficient number of matches (calculated by dividing the total number of rated matches by the number of federations) in the presence of a designated UEFA delegate.
The following fair play concept is defined by the UEFA regulation:
- respect for the rules of the game and the conditions of the competition;
- friendly sports behavior in relation to the opponent, referees and all other participants of the competition, including spectators, representatives from other clubs, federations and mass media;
- maintaining among all the participants of the match a corresponding positive atmosphere before, during and after the match, regardless of its result and decisions made by the officials.
Evaluation and calculation of points is made after the match by the UEFA delegate with the assistance of the referee and, if necessary, the observer / commissioner of the match on six points:
- Yellow and red cards: 10 points, from which one is deducted for a yellow one: −1 point, for a red one: −3 point (that is, there are also negative points). Two yellows to one player, followed by red, are counted as one red; if a player with a yellow card commits a violation to a red one, then −4 points are deducted.
- “Good game” (positive play): from 10 (max.) To 1 point. Evaluated the entertainment game, while taking into account the following factors. Positive: predominantly attacking style of play, accelerated pace, saving playing time (for example, quickly putting the ball into play), constant focus on the opponent’s goal even after reaching the required game result; negative: slowing down the game, delaying the time, foul tactics, simulation, etc. For the most part, this estimate depends on the number of goals scored and the created goal situations.
- Respect for the opponent: from 5 (max.) To 1 point. Estimated players respect the rules of the game, the conditions of the competition and rivals. In this assessment of the players' behavior, the UEFA delegate does not take into account the number of yellow and red cards issued, but takes into account the seriousness of the violations, including those not noticed by the arbitrator. A friendly attitude to the opponent (for example, helping the injured) is welcomed.
- Respect for the arbitrator: from 5 (max.) To 1 point. Players respect the referees, including assistants and back-ups, and their decisions. The number of red and yellow cards is not taken into account, although the UEFA delegate may take into account the seriousness of the violations. A friendly attitude towards the arbitrators is welcome, including acceptance of decisions that are in doubt.
- Team members behavior: from 5 (max.) To 1 point. They evaluate the actions of the team representatives, including coaches, to maintain the team’s sporting, technical, tactical and moral level by all legal means, as well as instructing players on the behavior of “Fair play”. Relevant to the decisions of the arbitrators, the impact on players and fans, cooperation with the media, etc. are taken into account.
- Behavior of fans: from 5 (max.) To 1 point. (Exhibited only with a sufficient number of spectators.) Fans are a natural component of football. Supporting the team by shouting, singing, etc., has a positive effect on the atmosphere of the game. However, the audience should also respect the judges, the opposing team and their fans for any outcome of the game. Grade 5 is set only if all the specified conditions are met, especially the creation of a positive atmosphere is taken into account.
Note: in paragraphs 3–5, impeccable behavior without showing clear signs of respect deserves a rating of 4 rather than 5.
The overall score is set by dividing the sum of all points received by their maximum possible number (40 or 35, the last - without a score of 6) with an insufficient number of fans) and multiplying the result by 10. The result is considered to the thousandth without rounding.
UEFA Fair Play Laureates
|2 nomination||Team||3 nomination||Team|
|2002||Norway||Branne||England||Ipswich Town||Czech||Sigma Olomouc|
|Year||1 place||Team||2nd place||Team||3rd place||Team|
|2015||Netherlands||Go Ahead Eagles||England||West Ham United||Ireland||YUSD|
The Russian Football Union became a laureate once - at the end of the 1995 season ( the UEFA Cup got a ticket to CSKA Moscow , the last Qualifying round and the loser in the First Round of the tournament)
- MyuPa - 5 times
- Brann , Efle - 3 times
- Aston Villa , Manchester City , Runners , Esbjerg , Viking Tromsø , Hecken - 2 times
Other teams became winners no more than once.
- Norway - 13 times.
- Sweden - 10 times.
- England - 8 times.
- Finland - 8 times.
- Denmark - 5 times.
- Belgium , Germany , Netherlands , Scotland - 2 times.
Other countries became laureates no more than once.
Achievements of the winners of the UEFA Cup ranking
Teams who have reached the 1/16 final and beyond:
- Leeds - 1/16 finals in the 1995/96 season (2 rounds played).
- Aston Villa - 1/16 final in the 1998/99 season (2 rounds played).
- Aston Villa - 1/4 finals in the 1997/98 season (4 rounds played).
- Rayo Vallecano - 1/4 finals in the 2000/01 season (5 rounds played).
- Manchester City - 1/4 finals in the 2008/09 season (7 played rounds, including a group stage of 5 teams).
- Fair play
- UEFA Financial Fair Play Regulations
- Weekly Football, No. 2/1997, p. 25 - Proposal for the distribution of the three Fair Play seats in the UEFA Cup