Cap-Haïtien or Le Cap ( Le Cap ) - the fourth largest city of Haiti . Located on the north coast of the island. The administrative center of the Northern Department. The population is 200,251 people. (2005).
|Kap Ayisyen, Okap|
|The Department||Haiti Northern Department|
|The mayor||Michel St Croix|
|History and Geography|
|Center height||0 m|
|Timezone||UTC − 5 ; summer UTC − 4|
|Population||135,289 people ( 2013 )|
|Cap Haitien, Haiti|
- 1 History
- 2 Impact of the 2010 earthquake
- 3 population
- 4 notes
- 5 Links
The city was founded in 1670 by the French, and until it gained independence in 1804 it was called Cap-Français . European travelers called him " Paris on the Antilles ." Until 1770 , the administration of the French colony of San Domingo was here .
During the aggravation of relations with France (1798-1800) and the American Civil War, the harbor of Cap Haitien was interested in the Americans. In 1802, the old city was almost destroyed during the fighting. The self-proclaimed king Henri Christophe rebuilt the city, but for the most part the buildings of his time were not preserved due to the enormous damage caused in 1842 by an earthquake and in 1928 by a hurricane.
In the city itself, only the parish church was preserved from the colonial period, but 12 km from the city the ruins of the residence of Henri Christophe with the Sanssouci palace and the Laferrier fortress, which is called the largest in the Western Hemisphere, survived. Nearby stands the ruins of the palace of Napoleon ’s sister, Polina , in which she lived during the unsuccessful invasion of her husband in Haiti in 1801 .
2010 Earthquake Impact
The Haiti earthquake (2010) led to relatively small disruptions in Cap-Haitien, unlike Port-au-Prince . In this regard, many residents of the ruined capital, especially from the business environment, moved to Cap-Haitien.
Also, due to the fact that the elements destroyed the port facilities of Port-au-Prince, the Cap-Haitien container terminal was used to deliver humanitarian aid to Haiti  .
According to data for 2013, the population is 135,289 people  .
The dynamics of the population of the city by years:
|45 688||64,406||96,445||100 628||107,026||111 094||135,289|
- Officials Strain to Distribute Aid to Haiti as Violence Rises
- Cap-Haïtien . World Gazetteer. Date of treatment February 18, 2013. Archived February 27, 2013.
- Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cap-Haitien