Herrenkimsee ( German: Schloss Herrenchiemsee ; there is a spelling variant of Herrenkimsee ) - the suburban residence of the Bavarian king Ludwig II , spread out on the Herren island in Lake Chiemsee , the largest lake in Bavaria , 60 km east of Munich . Herrenkimze - the most expensive of the palaces of Ludwig II (the cost of its construction exceeded 16.6 million marks - for comparison: Linderhof and Neuschwanstein together cost the king 14.7 million): only 4.5 kilograms were spent on interior decoration [2 ] .
Ludwig II built Herrenkimze in imitation of Versailles in order to bring tribute to his idol - the French king Louis XIV .
To the third royal castle of Ludwig II you need to go a longer way along the spurs of the Alps to get to Lake Chiemsee , located between Munich and Salzburg .
The construction of Linderhof had not yet been completed, when on May 21, 1878, the first stone of the Herrenkimze Castle Palace was laid, which they first wanted to build in the Grasvangtal Valley, calling it an anagram “Meicost Ettal”. The king suffered greatly from the fact that this was not possible due to the enormous scale of the planned construction. The exorbitant luxury and wastefulness that amazes us at Linderhof here are many times surpassed in both the performance of the workforce and the cost of financial resources.
Everyone who is heading today on a steamboat from Prien am Chiemsee marina to Herrenchimsee Island, admires the charming nature and wide panoramic views of the Alps . The visitor may think that the location of the state royal castle on a remote island is somewhat unusual. But if you recall the Neuschwanstein Castle located on a rock, the Linderhof Castle hidden in the high mountain valley or the high-rise residence of Schachen , located above the vegetation zone, then the choice for building the next castle island, which can only be reached by water, will not surprise anyone. King Ludwig sought solitude, and here it was guaranteed to him, like nowhere else. There is no doubt that this choice of King Ludwig is due to more than a thousand-year-old monastery tradition of the island , which was not interrupted until secularization . Here, in this sacred land, he could erect a cult temple in memory of King Louis XIV of France .
After the island was confiscated from the church in 1803 and changed several owners, Ludwig bought it in September 1873 . A year later, during his trip to France, he carefully examined Versailles. Both the development of the project and the construction took place at a rapid pace. The king’s first visit to the new castle took place in 1881 . At the time of the death of the king, 50 of the 70 rooms of the palace-castle were still without furniture.
During construction, Ludwig wrote to architects: “Not to copy, but to quote in the spirit of Louis XIV.”
- Herrenkimze Monastery
- Schleissheim Palace
- Nymphenburg Palace