Toivo Timoteus Kuula ( Fin. Toivo Timoteus Kuula ; , or - , ) - Finnish composer and conductor . Known for its vivid descriptions of Finnish nature.
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He studied at the Helsinki Music Institute, then in Bologna, Leipzig , Paris and Berlin . During his studies, he worked as a teacher and conductor in Vaasa, in 1910-1911 he conducted the orchestra in Oulu . In 1912-1914 he worked as an assistant conductor of the Helsinki Orchestra, then toured Finland, performing with his wife, and from 1916 to 1918 he was the conductor of the Vyborg City Orchestra.
His composer activity was largely influenced by Jan Sibelius , concentrating, in particular, on Finnish folk music. Kuula is mainly known for his songs and vocal works (he wrote 24 songs for voice and piano). Kuula was the author of many arrangements for folk songs, many of his solo songs were first performed by his wife, Alma Kuula - a real source of inspiration for Toivo.
Toivo Kuula died in a hospital in Vyborg in 1918 after a mortal bullet wound as a result of a conflict with the pro-German Belofin servicemen who occupied the city during the Civil War in Finland .
- Juhani Koivisto - Tuijotin tulehen kauan - Toivo Kuulan lyhyt ja kiihkeä elämä , WSOY 2008