The 30th Poltava Infantry Regiment is an infantry military unit of the Russian Imperial Army .
- Seniority - August 20, 1798
- Regimental holiday - June 29.
|30th Poltava Infantry Regiment|
|Years of existence||August 20, 1798 - 1918|
|A country||Russian empire|
|Included in||8th Infantry Division (15 AK)|
|Dislocation||Pratskoy lips. (before 1.07.1903-1910), Warsaw (before 1.02.1913-after 1.04.1914)|
|Participation in||The Russo-Turkish War of 1806-1812 , the Patriotic War of 1812 , Foreign Campaigns of 1813-1814. , The Russian-Turkish war of 1828-1829 , the Polish campaign of 1831 , the Hungarian campaign of 1849 , the Crimean war , the Polish campaign of 1863|
In 1820 - Poltava. The second battalion was sent to Voznesensk to the settled Bug Ulan Division  .
Regiment Formation and Campaigns
The regiment was formed in Tver by Major General Marklovsky on August 20, 1798 from a recruit, consisting of two battalions with an artillery team, under the name Musketeer Major General Marklovsky. Then the regiment was called the Musketeer Major General Prince Gorchakov 3rd (from October 6, 1800) and Major General Anikeev (from October 12, 1800).
On March 31, 1801, Emperor Alexander I called the regiment the Poltava Musketeers and brought it into the composition of three battalions.
During the war with Turkey in 1806-1811. The Poltava regiment was in a sea voyage to Trebizond in 1807, and in 1810 participated in the capture of the Sudzhuk-Kale fortress. February 22, 1811 the regiment was called the Poltava Infantry.
During World War II, the Poltava Regiment, as part of the 26th Infantry Division, made a heavy retreat from Volkovysk to Smolensk and valiantly fought at Saltanovka , and on August 2, being in the detachment of General Neverovsky , participated in the famous retreat to Krasny under the blows of the numerous French cavalry. During the battle of Borodino, the Poltava regiment occupied the Raevsky battery and heroically repulsed the attack of Moran and Brusye , and after being captured by the brigade, Bonami participated in the attack of Yermolov and overturned the enemy with a daring blow to the flank. In the second half of the campaign, the Poltava regiment participated in the battles of Maloyaroslavets , Vyazma and Krasnoye .
From January 23, 1813, the regiment was among the troops blocking Modlin , and then was appointed to the Bennigsen army and participated in the battle of Leipzig , during which it took 11 guns. From December 12, 1813 to May 18, 1814, the Poltava regiment took part in the blockade of Hamburg .
During the war with Turkey in 1828-1829. After the capture of Isakchi, the 1st and 2nd battalions were under siege of the Shumly fortress from July 11 to October 4, and the next year they became part of the corps besieging Silistra and Shumlu.
In 1831, the Poltava regiment took part in the suppression of the Polish rebellion . On January 28, 1833, the Voronezh Infantry Regiment  was attached to the regiment, and the Poltava Regiment was made up of three active and two reserve battalions  .
In 1849, the Poltava regiment took part in the suppression of the Hungarian rebellion and was in battle at Debrecin .
During the Eastern War, the Poltava regiment was first, from May 7 to June 10, 1854, under the siege of Silistra, and from April 7, 1855 took part in the defense of Sevastopol . On May 26, three battalions, while on a Kamchatka lunet, heroically repelled the assault on the allies, and the 1st battalion at that time occupied the Zabalkan battery and, making a brilliant counterattack, knocked over the French. With no less valor, the Poltavians defended the Malakhov Kurgan on June 5 and August 27, having lost 23 officers and 2868 lower ranks in 4 months of the siege. For the courage shown, the regiment was granted August 30, 1856. St. George's banners.
After the Eastern War, the 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th battalions were abolished, the 4th battalion was assigned to the reserve troops, and the regiment was brought on August 23, 1856 into three battalions with three rifle companies.
In 1863, the Poltava regiment took part in the suppression of the Polish rebellion in Volyn and was in small skirmishes with the rebels. On April 6, 1863, from the 4th reserve battalion and indefinite leave, the 2nd battalion of the Poltava reserve infantry regiment was formed, named August 13, 1863 as the Shuisky infantry regiment .
March 25, 1864 Poltava regiment assigned number 30. On April 7, 1879, the 4th battalion was formed. On August 20, 1898, on the centennial day, the regiment was granted the new St. George flag.
Since the beginning of the First World War, as part of the 8th division of the 15th Corps ( 2nd Army ) participated in the Battle of Tannenberg ( East Prussian Operation (1914) ).
The seniority of the Poltava regiment is considered to be from August 20, 1798. Regimental holiday - June 29.
- 12.01.1799 - 12.24.1801 - second major (from September 15, 1799 lieutenant colonel, from December 11, 1800 colonel) Rynkevich, Efim Efimovich
- 02.20.1802 - 03.25.1804 - Colonel Zolotnitsky, Mikhail Vladimirovich
- 03.25.1804 - 11.28.1807 - lieutenant colonel (Colonel from 23.04.1806) Zolotnitsky, Ivan Vladimirovich
- 06.06.1808 - 08.31.1812 - Lieutenant Colonel Konshin, Ivan Timofeevich
- 08/31/1812 - 02/05/1813 - Lieutenant Colonel Boboedov, Nikita Fedorovich
- 07/01/1813 - 02/11/1816 - lieutenant colonel Davydov
- 02/11/1816 - 09/28/1819 - lieutenant colonel (Colonel from 08/30/1816) Shein, Pyotr Semenovich
- 11/04/1819 - 12/27/1825 - Colonel Tizengauzen, Vasily Karlovich 2nd
- 1840 - Colonel (from 04/14/1840 Major General) Bulgarov, Dmitry Gavrilovich
- 04/01/1867 - хх.хх.1867 - Colonel Pomerantsev, Alexander Ivanovich
- 07/31/1867 - хх.хх.1876 - Colonel Stankevich, Anton Osipovich
- 1876-188x - Colonel Klimenov, Alexey Panteleevich
- 06/13/1884 - 06/13/1891 - Colonel Agapeev, Pyotr Yeremeyevich
- 07/02/1891 - 04/05/1893 - Colonel Pototsky, Ivan Platonovich
- 04/20/1893 - 05/09/1897 - Colonel Shchekhovsky, Alexander Iosifovich
- 05/16/1897 - 08/18/1899 - Colonel Butakov, Alexander Mikhailovich
- 10/13/1899 - 06/01/1904 - Colonel Tyumenkov, Mikhail Alekseevich
- 06/01/1904 - 08/08/1904 - Colonel Yunitsky, Zakhar Pavlovich
- 07/01/1905 - 10.16.1906 - Colonel Subrisev, Vladimir Vasilievich
- 10.16.1906 - 08.09.1908 - Colonel Gorelov, Mikhail Georgievich
- 09/13/1908 - 08/20/1913 - Colonel Madritov, Alexander Semenovich
- 08/30/1913 - 02/11/1915 - Colonel Gavrilitsa, Mikhail Ivanovich
- 03/08/1915 - 01/05/1916 - Major General Boldyrev, Vasily Georgievich
- 01/05/1916 - 04/04/1917 - Colonel Heideman, Konstantin Ivanovich
- 04/04/1917 - 11/25/1917 - Colonel Kamenev, Sergey Sergeevich
Chefs of the regiment
- 08.20.1798 - 10.10.1800 - Major General Marklovsky, Alexander Osipovich
- 10/06/1800 - 10/13/1800 - Major General Prince Gorchakov 3rd
- 10.13.1800 - 02.24.1802 - Major General Anikeev, Dmitry Vasilievich
- 03/02/802 - 01/09/803 - Major General Bibikov, Alexander
- 01/09/1803 - 03/01/807 - Major General Sorokin, Mikhail Matveevich
- 03/01/807 - 12/16/1812 - Colonel Liebgart, Anton Ivanovich
- 09/28/1813 - 09/01/1814 - Major General Ushakov, Pavel Nikolaevich
Famous people who served in the regiment
- Bestuzhev-Ryumin, Mikhail Pavlovich - Decembrist
- Muravyov-Apostol, Sergey Ivanovich - Decembrist
- Dybkovsky, Vladimir Ivanovich - Russian doctor, professor at Kiev University.
- Timashev, Ivan Ivanovich - Russian general, participant in the Crimean War.
- Trotsky, Emelyan Nikolaevich - Decembrist
- Trubetskoy, Nikolai Nikolaevich - Lieutenant General , Governor of the Minsk province
- Trusov, Stepan Petrovich - Decembrist
- Tsyavlovsky, Daniil Ivanovich - Russian general, participant in the Napoleonic Wars and the campaign of 1831 against the Polish insurgents.
Other formations of this name
- 1st Poltava Regiment of the Kuban Cossack Army - formed on August 1, 1870 from the Abinsky Horse Regiment and the 1st and 7th battalions of the Kuban Cossack Army .
- Poltava inner provincial battalion - formed on January 17, 1811, its heirs are the infantry regiments of the 174th Romensky and 176th Perevolochensky .
- Poltava Cossack Regiment - territorial formation of Zaporizhzhya and Little Russian Cossacks; June 28, 1783 was transformed into the Poltava Light Horse Cavalry; disbanded in 1796
- Fig. 1000. Non-commissioned officer of the Musketeer Marklovsky regiment. 1798-1801. // Historical description of clothing and weapons of the Russian troops, with drawings, compiled according to the highest command : in 30 tons, in 60 books. / Ed. A.V. Viskovatova . - T. 7. - Winkusen Collection
- highest orders on the ranks of the military from January 1 to August 20, 1820. - St. Petersburg, 1821. - S. 252.
- The guide of V.K.Shenk on the grenadier and infantry regiments says that the Warsaw regiment was added to the Poltava regiment, this is a mistake - the Warsaw regiment did not exist at that time.
- Voronezh Infantry Regiment was formed on February 19, 1711, and its seniority remains in the 118th Shui Infantry Regiment .
- Poltava, 30th Infantry Regiment // A (mark of the English Lloyd) - Algeria. - SPb. ; [ M. ]: t-va I. D. Sytin , 1911. - P. 127. - ( Military Encyclopedia : [in 18 vol.] / edited by V.F. Novitsky [and others ]; 1911-1915, v. 1).
- Poltava 30th Infantry Regiment // Encyclopedic Dictionary of Brockhaus and Efron : in 86 volumes (82 volumes and 4 additional). - SPb. , 1890-1907.
- 30th Poltava Infantry Regiment
- Gabaev G.S. Painting on Russian regiments of 1812. - К. , 1912.
- Cossack troops (Chronicles of the Guards Cossack units placed in the book "Imperial Guard") / Comp. V. Kh. Kazin , under the editorship of V.K.Shenka . - SPb. : V. D. Smirnova , 1912 .-- 465 p. - (Reference book of the Imperial Headquarters ).
- Fedorov . Soldier memo 30th Poltava Infantry Regiment. - Warsaw, 1909.
- Schenk V.K. Grenadier and infantry regiments. Reference book of the imperial headquarters. - SPb. , 1909.
- Encyclopedia of Military and Naval Sciences : in 8 volumes / Ed. G. A. Leer . - SPb. : V. Bezobrazova and Co. °, 1893. - T. 6: Piave - Russo-Turkish War of 1806-12.