Väksjö ( Swede. Växjö ) is a university city in southern Sweden located in the historical province of Småland . The administrative center of Lena Krunuberg . The city's population is 65,383 residents (2015), 89,120 (of the entire municipality). Vekshö is also the center of the so-called “ Glass Kingdom ”.
|History and Geography|
|Population||89 120 people ( 2015 )|
|Telephone code||+46 470|
Veksjo is located between two lakes . Its name probably comes from the Swedish words väg (path) and sjö (lake), since in winter peasants traveled to markets through frozen lakes. To the north of the city is Helgasjön Lake, one of the largest lakes in southern Sweden.
Trade flourished in Vaxjo in the Iron Age . According to The Legend of Siegfried, Siegfried from York came to these lands as the first Christian missionary and built the first church here. In 1170, Veksjo became the center of the bishopric and the goal for many pilgrims. Veksjo received city rights on February 13, 1342 from King Magnus Ericsson , although it is known that a de facto urban settlement existed here already in the 11th century. Due to the fact that the Swedish- Danish border passed for a long time near the city and both countries waged wars with each other, Veksjo was often ruined, for example, in 1276, 1570 and 1612. However, the border position had its benefits, for example, in trade. The city, built mainly from wood, has repeatedly suffered from fires, in particular in 1799, 1838 and 1843.
Veksjo surroundings are popular among tourists from many countries of the Baltic basin. In addition to excursions by boat and boat, around Veksjo there are opportunities for hikes and tours on bicycles, visits to glass factories and castles. There are many hotels offering accommodation for overnight stays. Over the past few years, Veksjo Airport has been included in the list of visited airports of some European airlines.
In the city center, the main attraction is the cathedral , built in the XIV century and has been repeatedly restored over the centuries. There are several museums in Veksjo, including the Utvandrarnas Hus Museum of Expatriation and the Swedish Glass Museum. In the Teleborg district on the territory of the university, there is the Teleborg castle , built in 1900. It is worth looking at the ruins of the Krunuberg castle , about 5 km north of the city.
Veksjo is the main procurement city for residents from the entire surrounding region and is the administrative and religious center. Thanks to the university, many academic jobs have been created here. The glass industry is represented by the Glafo Glass Research Institute. Due to its location in a wooded area, Veksø previously had a significant timber industry. The city is still home to the Union of Forest Owners of Sweden. Väksjo is also home to Flysmåland.
About 15,500 students are enrolled at Vekshö University . On campus is Sweden's largest wooden house.
Born in Vekshö
The following famous people were born in Veksø and its environs:
- Jonas Bjorkman , tennis player
- Karl-Birger Blomdahl , composer
- Per Lagerquist , writer and Nobel Prize winner in literature in 1951
- Otto Lindblad , composer
- Christina Nilsson , opera singer
- Mats Wilander , tennis player
- Krusensherna, Agnes von (1894-1940), Swedish writer
- Stefan Johansson , Formula 1 pilot
Other personalities associated with Vekshö
There lived an anti-fascist of Polish descent Danuta Danielsson, who in protest against a neo-Nazi demonstration hit one of the participants with a bag. Now in the city there is a monument "Woman with a bag." https://ribalych.ru/2019/06/04/danuta-danielsson/
Vekshö is associated with the name of the great naturalist Karl Linnaeus (1707-1778), who studied at Vekshö first at the lower grammar school (1716-1724), then at the gymnasium (1724-1727); as well as the poet Esayas Tegner (1782-1846) and the athlete Carolina Kluft , who studied in Veksø.
In Veksjo lives a seven-time participant in the Olympic Games and the 1972 Olympic champion, a pistol shooter Ragnar Scanoker .
The famous theater director and writer Henning Mankel in the 1980s worked at the Vekshö Theater.
The famous tennis player Mats Vilander was born in Veksjo, who was the first rocket in the world and won 7 Grand Slam tournaments.
According to some reports, in Veksjo in a psychiatric hospital, Nattramn , a vocalist and member of the Silencer band, was treated [ significance of fact? ] .
- Almere , Netherlands
- Official website of the city (Swedish)