Sergei Ivanovich Mayevsky (1779-1848) - Russian general, participant in the Napoleonic Wars .
|Sergey Ivanovich Mayevsky|
Lieutenant General Sergey Ivanovich Mayevsky
|Date of Birth|
|Place of Birth||Vitebsk province|
|Date of death|
|Type of army||infantry|
|Commanded||1st brig. 3rd gren. div., Old Russian military settlements|
|Battles / wars||War of the Third Coalition , War of the Fourth Coalition , Russian-Turkish War of 1806-1812 , World War II of 1812 , Foreign Campaigns of 1813 and 1814|
|Awards and prizes||Order of St. George 4th Art. (1813), Order of St. Anne , 2nd art. (1813), Pour le mérite .|
Sergey Mayevsky was born in 1779. By origin, the Pole was brought up in a Jesuit school and in 1794 he was assigned to serve as an ensign in the regiments of the Ukrainian Corps, but upon accession to the throne of Emperor Paul , among others, promoted to officers at the command of Field Marshal Suvorov , he was renamed cadet .
In 1799, Mayevsky was appointed to be an auditor in the corps of General Rosenberg and in this position took part in the war of 1805 and the campaign of 1806-1807. with Napoleon , in the military operations of 1808-1812. in Turkey and in World War II .
During the campaigns abroad in 1813, Mayevsky was promoted to military adviser and became personally known to Prince P. M. Volkonsky , who gave him ordinary assignments under Lutzen and Bautzen in the presence of Emperor Alexander I ; with his courage and diligence, Maevsky attracted the attention of Emperor Alexander I and, on his personal initiative, was renamed colonel, taking the post of senior adjutant to the main headquarters of His Imperial Majesty and managing the general military camp office.
After the distinction near Kulm , where Mayevsky and the Cossacks recaptured several French guns, he was appointed chief of the 13th Jäger Regiment, at the head of which he made the campaign of 1814. For the differences in the campaigns of 1813-1814. Mayevsky received the Order of St. St. George 4th degree (for the Kulm battle), St. 2nd degree Annas with diamonds, the Prussian Pour le mérite and the Swedish Order of the Sword and the Order of Mauritius. In 1819, Mayevsky was promoted to major general and appointed commander of the 3rd brigade of the 3rd Grenadier Division, and in 1824, by the personal election of Emperor Alexander I - detachment commander of the settled battalions of the 2nd and 3rd Grenadier divisions (Old Russian military settlements). Under Emperor Nicholas I, Mayevsky was transferred to the post of commander of 24 settled battalions and 1 artillery company in Yelisavetgrad, from there he was transferred to the Crimea and then assigned to be part of the 2nd Army. In the early 1840s. Mayevsky resigned and died in 1848.
Mayevsky left behind interesting notes about his service and everything he saw under the heading “My Century, or the History of General Mayevsky” (printed in an extract in the VIII volume of “Russian Antiquity” in 1873). Of particular interest are the memories of military settlements and Arakcheev . In the editorial introduction, it was noted: “As for Maevsky’s syllable, he, being pompous, with claims to a particular refinement of expressions, recalls the language of manifestos and orders for the army of 1812-1814; in any case, the language is quite peculiar ... The Gascon boast, often quite immoderate where it comes to the exploits of the author himself, belongs to the originality of My Age.
Mayevsky also wrote an extensive essay on the Russo-Turkish war of 1808-1812. left unprinted.
- Mayevsky, Sergey Ivanovich // Military Encyclopedia : [in 18 vol.] / Ed. V.F. Novitsky [et al.]. - SPb. ; [ M. ]: t-va I. D. Sytin , 1911-1915.
- Mayevsky S.I. My century, or the story of General Mayevsky. 1779-1848 / Commun. N.S. Mayevsky, foreword. and notes ed., entry by S. Mayevsky // Russian Antiquity, 1873. - T. 8. - No. 8. - P. 125-167; No. 9. - S. 253-305; No. 10. - S. 427-464; No. 11. - S. 754-781.