The 2nd Guards Fighter Aviation Pechenga Red Banner Regiment named after B.F.Safonov Air Force SF (2 Guards IAP Air Force SF) is an aviation regiment as part of the Air Force of the Northern Fleet during World War II .
|Armed forces||USSR Armed Forces|
|Type of Armed Forces||Northern Fleet Air Force|
|The type of troops (forces)||fighter aircraft|
them. B. F. Safonova
|Formation||January 18, 1942|
|Dissolution (transformation)||April 29, 1948|
Arctic , Barents Sea , White Sea .
|Predecessor||72nd Northern Fleet Air Force Mixed Aviation Regiment|
|Successor||174th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment. B. F. Safonova|
- 1 History of the names of the regiment
- 2 History
- 3 Armament
- 4 Commanders
- 5 Awards
- 6 Honors
- 7 Honorary Items
- 8 Heroes of the Soviet Union and the Russian Federation
- 9 Literature
- 10 notes
- 11 Links
- 72nd mixed aviation regiment of the Navy Air Force (12/23/1939)  ;
- 2nd Guards Mixed Aviation Regiment of the Navy Air Force (01/18/1942)  ;
- 2nd Guards Mixed Aviation Regiment of the Navy Air Force named after B. F. Safonov (06/18/1942)  ;
- 2nd Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment of the Navy Air Force named after B. F. Safonov (10/14/1942)  ;
- The 2nd Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment of the Pechenga Air Force Regiment of the Navy named after B. F. Safonov (10.31.1944)  ;
- 174th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment of the Pechenga Air Force Regiment of the Navy named after B. F. Safonov (04/28/1948)  ;
- The 174th Guards Fighter Aviation Pechenga Air Defense Regiment named after B. F. Safonov (02/04/1957)  ;
- Military unit ( field mail ) 49207  .
The regiment was formed in the Northern Fleet at the Vaenga aerodrome by order of the People’s Commissar of the USSR Navy, No. 006, dated December 23, 1939, as the 72nd Mixed Aviation Regiment of the Russian Air Force (72 sap of the Russian Air Force). becoming the first air regiment of the Air Force of the Russian Federation, on the basis of two fighter squadrons on I-15bis aircraft and one bomber on SB airplanes (4th Oiae of the 70th Air Brigade, 2nd Iae of the 15th IAP and 5th SBAE of the 147th SBR )  .
By order of the Navy NK of January 18, 1942, the regiment was transformed into the 2nd Guards Combined Red Banner Aviation Regiment of the Air Force of the SF (2 GSAP Air Force of the SF, sometimes the abbreviation 2 GKAP of the Air Force of the SF).
October 14, 1942, in connection with the withdrawal from its structure of the 5th bomber and 6th mine and torpedo squadrons to form the basis of the 24th Air Assault Regiment of the Northern Fleet , the 2nd General Staff of the Air Force of the SF was renamed the 2nd Guards Fighter Red Banner Aviation Regiment Air Force of the Northern Fleet.
In December 1942, due to the death of the regiment commander Safonov, the regiment was named after him.
In 1943, the regiment became part of the 6th fighter air division of the Russian Air Force  .
On October 31, 1944, among several other units and formations that took part in the Petsamo-Kirkenes operation , the regiment was given the honorary name Pechenga and became known as the 2nd Guards Aviation Pechenga Red Banner Regiment named after B.F.Safonov Air Force of the Northern Fleet.
On April 29, 1948, on the basis of the circular of the Chief of the General Staff No. 0056 dated 04/10/1948 and the order of the commander of the Northern Fleet from No. 00149 , it was transformed into the 174th Guards Fighter Pechenga Red Banner Aviation Regiment named after B.F.Safonov Air Force of the Northern Fleet .
On February 4, 1957, on the basis of the order of the commander of the Northern Fleet, No. 176, the 174th giap was expelled from the Air Force of the Northern Fleet and transferred to the Northern Air Defense Corps of the country (since 1960 the 10th separate Red Banner Air Defense Army ).
On September 1, 2001, the 174th giap of the Air Force of the Russian Federation (in 1998 the air defense forces were combined with the Air Force) was disbanded in accordance with the directive of the first deputy of the Russian Ministry of Defense dated November 30, 2000.
After the disbandment of the regiment, the registered MiG-31 named after twice Hero of the Soviet Union B.F.Safonov was transferred to the Museum of the Air Force of the Northern Fleet .
Initially, the regiment received the I-15 bis , I-153 , I-16 , MiG-3 fighters ; SB , Pe-2 bombers and DB-3F torpedo bombers . Later it was rearmament on foreign-made fighters: Hurricane , P-40 Kittyhawk , P-39 Aerocobra .
As of May 09, 1945, in a regiment stationed on air. Ura-Guba, there were (total / serviceable) 43/42 fighter P-39 "AeroCobra" and 1 serviceable "Hurricane". 
- Colonel G.P. Gubanov (June 1941 - December 1941);
- Captain I.K. Tumanov (January 1942 - March 1942);
- Lieutenant Colonel B. F. Safonov (March 20, 1942 - May 30, 1942);
- Guard Major I. K. Tumanov (June 1, 1942 - November 6, 1942)  ;
- Guard Captain P. G. Sgibnev (December 20, 1942 - May 03, 1943);
- Guard Major Antonov Ivan Fedorovich (5 - 12.1943)
- Guard Lieutenant Colonel D.F. Marenko (1944-1947).
On September 16, 1941, for the exemplary performance of command missions on the front of the struggle against German fascism and the valor and courage shown by the Decree of the Presidium of the USSR Armed Forces, the 72nd mixed air regiment of the Navy was awarded the Order of the Red Banner.
January 18, 1942 for the courage and heroism shown by the personnel in the battles with the German invaders, by order of the NK of the USSR Navy No. 10 the regiment was transformed into the 2nd Guards Combined Aviation Regiment of the Navy.
- On June 18, 1942, by order of the NK of the USSR Navy No. 01376, the 2nd Guards Red Banner Mixed Aviation Regiment was named after its commander B. F. Safonov (died May 30, 1942 in an air battle).
- October 31, 1944 for the distinction in the battles for the seizure of the city of Petsamo (Pechenga) by order of the Supreme High Command No. 0354, the regiment was given the honorary name "Pechenga".
Heroes of the Soviet Union and the Russian Federation
- Lieutenant Colonel Safonov Boris Feoktistovich (twice: September 16, 1941, June 14, 1942 - posthumously)
- Guard Captain Adonkin Vasily Semenovich (1944)
- Guard foreman Mikhail Badyuk (1944)
- Guard Captain Vyacheslav Balashov (1943)
- Guard Junior Lieutenant Bokiy Nikolay Andreevich (1943)
- Guard Captain Didenko Nikolay Matveyevich (1944)
- Guard Lieutenant Klimov Pavel Dmitrievich (1943)
- Guard Captain Kovalenko Alexander Andreevich (1942)
- Guard Captain Kolomiets Pyotr Leontyevich (1944)
- Guard Captain Kurzenkov Sergey Georgievich (1943)
- Guard Captain Orlov Pavel Ivanovich (1943)
- Guard Captain Pokrovsky Vladimir Pavlovich (1943)
- Guard Captain Sakharov Pavel Ivanovich (1944)
- Guard Captain Sgibnev Pyotr Georgievich (1942)
- Guard Captain Sorokin Zakhar Artyomovich (1944)
- Guard Captain Strelnikov Vasily Polikarpovich (1945)
- Boyko V.S. Wings of the Northern Fleet. - Murmansk: Murmansk book publishing house, 1976. - 317 p.
- Khametov M. I. In the sky of the Arctic: On twice Hero of the Soviet Union B. F. Safonov. - M .: Politizdat, 1983 .-- 116 p.
- Pikul V.S. Requiem Caravan PQ-17. - M .: AST, Veche, Harvest, 2008 .-- 512 p.
- Anokhin V. A., Bykov M. Yu. All Stalin's fighter aviation regiments. The first complete encyclopedia. - Popular science publication. - M .: Yauza-press, 2014 .-- S. 806. - 944 p. - 1,500 copies - ISBN 978-5-9955-0707-9 .
- Until May 1943 was the 6th Aviation Brigade.
- 2nd Guards Fighter Pecheng Red Banner Aviation Regiment named after B.F.Safonova (2nd Guards and Infantry Regiment of the Northern Fleet) . Site "Red Falcons of Our Homeland".
- On the site - “Memory of the people” - “Killed on 6/11/1942 while performing a combat mission”, in another - “Killed during the crash of an Aero Cobra airplane - 6/11/1942, buried in Vaenga.” In other later reports - 6/12/1942 of the year.