Pagan ( English Pagan ) - an island in the archipelago of the Mariana Islands in the Pacific Ocean . It belongs to the Northern Mariana Islands and is part of the Northern Islands municipality.
|Highest point||579 m|
|Population||0 people (2010)|
|Water area||Pacific Ocean|
The island of Pagan is located in the northern part of the archipelago of the Mariana Islands . Washed by the waters of the Pacific Ocean . Agrihan Island is located 68 km to the north of the island, and Alamagan Island is 48 km to the south  . The nearest continent, Asia , is located at 2,600 km  .
The island of Pagan, like the other Mariana Islands, has a volcanic origin  and consists of two stratovolcanoes , which are connected to each other by a narrow isthmus  . Both volcanoes formed within the calderas , and their diameter is 7 and 4 km  . The highest point of the island, the North Pagan Volcano, reaches 579 m  . The second volcano, South Pagan , reaches 548 m and has an elongated peak, on which four craters are located  . The largest eruption on the island occurred in 1981  . The length of Pagan is 17 km, and the maximum width is 7 km  . The area is 46.6 km²  .
The climate is humid tropical . The island is subject to volcanic eruptions and cyclones  .
Part of Pagan is occupied by tropical forests , which are dominated by coconut palms and various shrubs, as well as meadows  . In the northern part of the island is a small salt lake.
The European pioneer of the island was the Spaniard , the Catholic missionary Diego Luis de Sanvitores ( Spanish Diego Luis de Sanvitores ), who discovered Pagan in 1669  . The island subsequently became a possession of Spain .
On February 12, 1899, the Mariana Islands were sold by Spain to Germany  . During the exploration of the island, the German administrator Georg Fritz ( German Georg Fritz ) on Pagana found traces of the presence in the past of representatives of the Chamorro people, including throwing stones and cultivated plants  . Since 1907, Pagan has been part of German New Guinea , submitting to the district officer of the Caroline Islands  . In the German period, residents were engaged in the production of copra , but after the typhoons of 1904 , 1905 , 1906 and 1907, its production decreased by 50%  .
On October 14, 1914, the Mariana Islands were occupied by the Japanese . In 1920, the mandate of the League of Nations was established over the islands  . During the Second World War, a Japanese outpost operated on Pagan  .
In 1981, the entire population of the island, 53 people, were evacuated after a strong volcanic eruption. Since then, Pagan is uninhabited  .
- Oceandots.com . Pagan Island. (eng.)
- UN SYSTEM-WIDE EARTHWATCH Web Site . Northern Mariana Islands. (eng.)
- Pagan : [ eng ] // Global Volcanism Program . - Smithsonian Institution .
- PIBHMC . Pagan Island. (eng.)
- Homepage Christoph Gäbler . Über die Marianen. Pagan Island. (him)
- World Statesmen.org . Northern Mariana Islands. (eng.)