Aleksandr Vladimir Tchaikovsky (born February 19, 1946 , Moscow ) is a Soviet and Russian composer , pianist , teacher and musical public figure, professor at the Moscow Conservatory . In 2004-2008 - rector of the St. Petersburg Conservatory . People's Artist of the Russian Federation (2005) 
|Full name||Alexander Vladimirovich Tchaikovsky|
|Date of Birth|
|Place of Birth|
composer , pianist , music teacher
|Genres||opera , oratorio , ballet , symphony , concert|
Nephew of People's Artist of the USSR Boris Tchaikovsky .
Born February 19, 1946 in Moscow. He studied piano at the Central School of Music , in 1965 entered the Moscow Conservatory in the composition classes of Tikhon Khrennikov and piano Lev Naumov . After graduating from the conservatory in 1972, he improved in graduate school, since 1976 he has been teaching at the department of composition (since 1993 - professor, since 1997 - head of the department). Tchaikovsky - a member of the Union of Composers of the USSR since 1976, in 1985-1991 worked as his secretary for working with creative youth. From 1993 to 2002 - Advisor to the Mariinsky Theater Repertoire. From 2001 to 2002, he was a visiting professor at the St. Petersburg Conservatory. From 2005 to 2008, he served as rector of the St. Petersburg State Conservatory. From 2003 to the present - Artistic Director of the Moscow Philharmonic.
Tchaikovsky is an active composer, teacher, music and social activist, conducts numerous master classes, participates in the jury of various competitions. He is also the author of critical articles in a number of leading music magazines.
One of the main areas of interest for Tchaikovsky is musical theater. His operas and ballets combine dramatic decisions and modern stage techniques. In instrumental music, the composer works a lot in the concert genre, where he discovers an individual attitude to the solo instrument and its opposition to the orchestra. So, Tchaikovsky’s cello concerto is written in the form of variations , and the first concerto for viola is approaching a symphony in scale. In fact, the composer's symphonies have pronounced programmatic features.
The composer's works cover a wide range of genres and subjects, from large-scale orchestral and vocal-symphonic works to comic operas.
- "Grandfather is laughing" ( 1972 , comic, according to I. A. Krylov )
- "R. V. S. ”( 1978 , for children, by A. P. Gaidar )
- “Second of April” ( 1982 , for children)
- Fidelity ( 1984 , for children)
- “Three Sisters” ( 1995 , by A. P. Chekhov )
- “Tsar Nikita and his forty daughters” ( 1997 , chamber, according to A. S. Pushkin )
- The Three Musketeers ( 2007 , comic, by A. Dumas )
- “ One Day of Ivan Denisovich ” ( 2009 , based on the story of A. I. Solzhenitsyn )
- “The Legend of the City of Yelets, the Virgin Mary and Tamerlane” ( 2011 )
- “Altist Danilov” (2012, based on the novel by V. Orlov, Altist Danilov )
- “Life and the Extraordinary Adventures of Oliver Twist” (based on the novel by Charles Dickens) to the verses of Lev Yakovlev
- "King of Chess" (2014, chamber opera. On the "Chess Novel" by Stefan Zweig.)
- Ermak (2019, epic opera in 2 acts)
- The Examiner ( 1980 , according to N.V. Gogol )
- “Battleship Potemkin” ( 1986 )
- "Queen of Spades"
- Vocal Symphonic Works
- “To the Sun”, an oratorio to the verses by F. I. Tyutchev ( 1982 )
- “On behalf of the globe”, an oratorio to the poems of I. L. Selvinsky ( 1983 )
- “In my soul”, an oratorio to verses by V. S. Vysotsky ( 1996 )
- “Russian Requiem” to verses by A. A. Akhmatova and I. A. Brodsky ( 2006 )
- Symphonic works
- Four symphonies (The Master and Margarita, 1985 ; Aquarius, 1994 ; Symphony No. 3, 2002; Symphony No. 4, 2004)
- “We are with a friend”, symphonic humoresque ( 1975 )
- CSKA Spartak Concert for Orchestra ( 1980 )
- Nocturnes of the Northern Palmyra ( 1994 )
- “Remembering the Great Songs” ( 1995 )
- Little Kuban Variations ( 1996 , for chamber orchestra)
- “ Requiem of Khojaly ” ( 2012 , for chamber orchestra) 
- Two Concertos for Piano and Orchestra ( 1972 , 1992 )
- Concert for violin and orchestra ( 1997 )
- Three concerts for viola and orchestra ( 1979 , 1992 "Studies in simple colors", 1996 )
- Concert for cello and orchestra ( 1974 )
- Concert for double bass and orchestra ( 1994 )
- Concerto for bassoon and orchestra ( 1981 )
- Concert-Buff for violin and marimba with orchestra ( 1996 )
- Chamber compositions
- Three string quartets
- Two Piano Trios
- Piano Quintet
- Sonatas and suites for violin, viola, cello, piano
- French Ballad Songs for Voice and Piano, into French Folk Texts ( 1974 )
- Music for films, theatrical productions, etc.
- Order of Friendship (September 20, 2016) - for merits in the development of national culture and art, the media, many years of fruitful activity 
- Prize of the Government of the Russian Federation (2017) in the field of culture in 2016 for the production of the opera "The Legend of the City of Yelets" 
- Awarded by presidential decree No. 536 of May 9, 2005. Archived February 23, 2009.
- Alexander Tchaikovsky: “Having written the Khojaly requiem, I wanted to support people who survived the horrors of war”
- Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of September 20, 2016 No. 481 “On Awarding with State Prizes of the Russian Federation”
- On awarding prizes of the Government of the Russian Federation in 2016 in the field of culture . mkrf.ru (February 7, 2017). Date of treatment August 15, 2017.