Giovanni Battista Moroni , also Giambattista Moroni ( Italian: Giovanni Battista Moroni , c. 1522 , Albino, province of Bergamo - February 5, 1578 , Bergamo ) - Italian artist, one of the largest portrait painters of the XVI century.
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The son of an architect, studied with Alessandro Bonvichino (Moretto) in Brescia . He worked in Trento , Bergamo (in the late 1540s), Albino, Verona , Milan . Moroni’s two short tenure in Trento coincided with two meetings of the Council of Trent ( 1546 - 1548 and 1551 - 1553 ), this period includes the artist’s work in the altar of the Cathedral of Santa Maria Maggiore in Bergamo. Then he met Titian (the legend of the 19th century about apprenticeship with Titian is not currently confirmed). He was influenced by Lorenzo Lotto and Girolamo Savoldo . He was in Bergamo very popular portrait painter. In portraits, he sought to capture the movement of life in a successful turn of the head, a lively look, the gesture of his models, which will subsequently be used in European portraiture of the 17th century.
Pupils and influence
Among his students - Giovanni Paolo Cavagna, he had an impact on fra Galgario and Pietro Longi .
The best collection of Moroni’s works is held by the London National Gallery and the Uffizi Gallery, and his items are kept in many other museums around the world.
- “Portrait of a Man”, early 1550s, Hermitage , St. Petersburg;
- “ Sculptor Alessandro Vittoria ”, 1552-1553, Museum of the History of Art , Vienna;
- “Count Secco-Suardi”, 1563, Uffizi Gallery, Florence;
- “The Man in Black”, 1576, Museum, I. Gardner, Boston;
- “Portrait of a Man”, c. 1558, National Gallery, London;
- “Portrait of the Spino Couple”, 1570s, Gallery of the Academy of Carrara, Bergamo.
Tailor , approx. 1570-1575, London National Gallery
Donor Praying to Our Lady , approx. 1560, National Gallery of Art, Washington
Giovanni Pietro Maffei (1533-1603), professor of rhetoric at the University of Genoa , approx. 1560-65, Bergamo
Alessandro Vittori , 1552, Bergamo
- Giovanni Battista Moroni: 400th Anniversary exhibition. London: The Gallery, 1978
- Gregori M. Giovan Battista Moroni: tutte le opere. Bergamo: Poligrafiche Bolis, 1979
- Humfrey P., Bridgeman J. Giovanni Battista Moroni: Renaissance portraitist. Fort Worth: Kimbell Art Museum, 2000
- Giovan Battista Moroni: itinerari bergamaschi / A cura di Frangi e Della Lucia. Cinisello Balsamo: Silvana, 2004