Atara - ( Abkh. Aҭara , cargo. ათარა ) is a village in Abkhazia , in the Ochamchir region of the partially recognized Republic of Abkhazia , according to the administrative division of Georgia - in the Ochamchir municipality of the Abkhaz Autonomous Republic  . Located northwest of the Ochamchira district center in a flat strip on the left bank of the Kodor River. Until the beginning of the 20th century, the territory of the village was much larger, adjoining the Kodori Range in the north. After the genocide of the Armenian population in the Ottoman Empire in 1915 , a group of Hamshen Armenians settled on the uninhabited northern lands of the village of Atara. The Armenian settlement stands out in a separate rural community called Atara-Armenian . By analogy, the old Abkhazian village of Atara begins to be called Atara-Abkhazian . In Soviet times, this name was officially assigned to the village and was used until 1948 . Currently, the Atara-Abkhaz form is also widespread. Administratively , the village is the administrative center of the Atar rural administration ( Abkh. Akara agyy ahadara ), formerly the Atar village council .
|abh. Akara , cargo. ათარა|
|A country||Republic of Abkhazia / Georgia |
|Region ||Abkhaz Autonomous Republic|
|Area||Ochamchyr District  / Ochamchir Municipality |
|History and Geography|
|Timezone||UTC + 3|
In the north, Atara borders on the village of Atara-Armenian ; in the east - with Kutol ; in the south - with the villages of Arakich and Azyubzha ; in the west - with the Gulripshsky district along the Kodor River.
According to the 1989 census, the population of the Atar village council was 1,080; according to the 2011 census, the population of the Atar village administration was 665, mostly Abkhazians   .
|Census year||Number of inhabitants||Ethnic composition|
|1926||1726||Abkhazians 56.9%; Armenians 29.4%; Georgians 12.1%|
|1959||1099||Abkhazians (no exact data)|
|1989||1080||Abkhazians (no exact data)|
|2011||665||Abkhazians 97.6%, Russians 0.8%, Georgians 0.6%, Armenians 0.6%|
In the 19th century, Atara was part of the Adzyubzhinsky rural community. According to the census of 1886 in the village of Atara lived Orthodox Christians - 424 people, Muslims - Sunnis - 51 people. According to the class division in Atar, there were 3 princes , 7 nobles and 465 peasants . Representatives of the Orthodox clergy and “urban” estates did not live in Atar.
In Soviet times, the proportion of the Georgian population of the village of Atara was always quite high, but the Georgians who came to the village quickly assimilated in the Abkhaz ethnic environment.
The village of Atara is historically divided into 5 villages ( Abkh. Aҳabla ):
- Andygulou (actually Atara)
- Atara Ahu
- Atarba Ihusta
Most of the courtyards in Atar belong to the local peasant family Kvitsiniya (Kutsnia) - according to some sources, the largest of the Abkhaz families  .
- Kvitsinia, Levarsa Bidovich
- Ahuba, Juma Vissarionovich
- Chanba, Samson Yakovlevich
- This settlement is located in Abkhazia , which is a disputed territory . According to the administrative division of Georgia , the disputed territory is occupied by the Abkhaz Autonomous Republic . In fact, the disputed territory is occupied by the partially recognized state of the Republic of Abkhazia .
- According to the administrative division of Georgia
- According to the administrative division of the partially recognized Republic of Abkhazia
- Census of Abkhazia 2011. Ochamchyr district
- Population censuses in Abkhazia 1886, 1926, 1939, 1959, 1970, 1979, 1989, 2003, 2011
- Krylov A. B. Religion and traditions of the Abkhazians (Inaccessible link) . Date of treatment April 7, 2019. Archived May 18, 2005.
- V.E. Kvarchia. Historical and modern toponymy of Abkhazia (Historical and etymological study). - Sukhum, 2006 .-- 328 p. - 1000 copies.
- Кәарҷия В. Е. Аҧсны atoponymy. - Аҟәа: 2002 .-- 686 d. (Abkh.)