Goranti (also Goran ; Serb. and maced. goranci, gorani , bolg. goran , alb. goranët ; self-name: Nashinqi , Nashin ) is one of the small peoples of the Balkans. In the censuses, they indicate their nationality mainly as Goran or Bosnian, less likely to identify themselves as Serbs or even as Turks and Albanians with a native Slavic language   . Other South Slavic Islamized ethnic groups of the Southern Metohija - middle class (Zhuplyan) and submountain  - are close in origin.
The territory of the settlement of Gorans on the map of the south-west of Kosovo
|Type of||The historical part of the Serbian people|
Modern ethnic community
|Group of nations||southern slavs|
|Subgroup||Slavic Muslims of Kosovo and Metohija|
|Tongue||Gorana dialects of the Prizensko-South Moravian dialect of the Torlak dialect [~ 1] , |
Bosnian , Serbian 
|Composed||modern Kosovo Muslim Slavs or wider Bosnians (formerly Muslim ) |
|Related||the middle and low mountains|
Serbia ( Kosovo and Metohija ) / Republic of Kosovo [~ 2]
Goranti are one of the South Slavic ethnic groups of the Muslim faith . As the language of oral communication, Goransky dialects referring to the range of Torlak dialect are used , the vocabulary of which is characterized by the presence of numerous turkish , farsizm , Albanism and Arabian . Also speak Albanian language. They inhabit the mountainous regions of the southwestern part of the Republic of Kosovo in the historic Serbian region of Metohija , mainly the Gore historical and cultural region at the junction of the borders with Albania and Macedonia . Also Gorany inhabit 9 villages in Albania on the Albanian-Kosovo border, which are included in the region of Horus, and until recently, two villages in Macedonia (Urvich and Eloviane). In addition to the Gorans, there are such Islamized Slavic groups in the south-western Kosovo as the Pre-Kamkans (three villages in the southern Metohija) and the Sredians (Sredsk упupa, the Orthodox community also includes the Muslims).
Origin and History
By origin Goranians are Islamized Slavs . According to the Albanian historians, the Gorani are Islamized Illyrians, according to the Serbian Islamized Serbs, the Bulgarian Islamized Bulgarians, and the Macedonian Islamized Macedonians  . Islam was adopted in the 15th and 17th centuries, when the region was ruled by the Ottoman Empire and the Albanian population was attracted here. Accepting the Muslim religion, the Gorani retained their native language, in contrast to the neighboring Opoleans who converted to the Albanian  .
In the course of the Kosovo war, the Goransk villages acted on the Yugoslav side  . At present, in the places of their traditional residence, the Gorani are subjected to assimilation pressure by the Albanians, who are forcing the Gorani to abandon the use of their native language. As a result, many Gorani became refugees. The total number is about 25 thousand people, of which, according to the 2011 census, a little more than 10 thousand people live in places of traditional residence in Kosovo and Metohija. At the initiative of NATO and the UN, the Goransk regions within Kosovo were merged with the Albanians to create the district of Dragash , in which the Gorani were in the minority.
- Kosovo - 18 settlements, where Gorany prevail;
- Albania - 2 main villages ( Shishtevats and Zapod ) and 8 villages belonging to these points;
Previously, the Gorani also lived in the Republic of Macedonia - 2 villages in the community of Bogovinje : Elovyane and Urvich . But according to the latest data there is not a single Goranza left.
Culturally, the following Muslim Slavs are close to Gorans:
- Torbeshi - Macedonians who converted to Islam
- Bosniaks - Bosnia- accented Slavs
- Pomak - Bulgarians who converted to Islam
- ↑ A number of researchers attribute the Goransky dialects to the northern or western dialect of the Macedonian language . Bulgarian dialectologists attribute Goran dialects to the Bulgarian dialectal area .
- ↑ This ethnic community inhabits Kosovo. According to the Serbian Constitution , Kosovo is part of Serbia as an autonomous province of Kosovo and Metohija . In fact, Kosovo is a partially recognized state whose territory is not controlled by Serbia.
- ↑ 1 2 Data access. Population. Display data in the selected year (2011). Kosovo Detail municipality. Dragash (English) . Kosovo Agency of Statistics (2012). Archived April 4, 2014. (Checked February 9, 2014)
- ↑ 1 2 R. Mladenovic. In Search of Ethnic Definition - Slavic Muslim Groups in South-West Kosovo and Metohija // Edited by Robert D. Greenberg and Motoki Nomachi. Slavia Islamica. Language, Religion and Identity (Slavic Eurasian Studies No.25). - Sapporo: Slavic Research Center. Hokkaido University, 2012. - pp . 115-147 . (Checked February 10, 2014)
- ↑ Data access. Population. Display data in the selected year (2011). Kosovo Detail municipality. Prizren (English) . Kosovo Agency of Statistics (2012). Archived April 4, 2014. (Checked April 12, 2014)
- ↑ Kosovo. Ethnic composition: 2011 census
- ↑ Republicki zavod za statistiku - Republike Srbije Archived April 24, 2011.
- ↑ Mladenovich R. Govori of three Muslim Slavic ethnocultural groups in south-western Kosovo and Metohija (Languages and dialects of small ethnic groups in the Balkans: Abstracts of reports at the International Scientific Conference) P. 27—28. SPb. : Institute of Linguistic Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences (2004). (Checked April 11, 2014)
- ↑ Bulgarian Perspective: Koi sa goranite? (inaccessible link) . The appeal date is June 10, 2011. Archived April 9, 2012.
- ↑ R. Mladenovich. Goranski Speech Archived copy of February 22, 2014 on the Wayback Machine
- ↑ Valetsky OV Guerrilla war in Kosovo and Metohija in 1999. - Pushkino: Center for Strategic Conjuncture, 2013. - p. 21 - 22
- Gorani (Bg.)
- Tanya Mangalakova. When nashenti in Kosovo (part of the earth) (Bulgarian) . Patepis.com. (Checked February 9, 2014)
- Tanya Mangalakova. When nazenzi in Kosovo (often second) (Bulgarian) . Patepis.com. (Checked February 9, 2014)
- Tanya Mangalakova. When nashenti in Kosovo (often tertiary) (Bulgarian) . Patepis.com. (Checked February 9, 2014)
- Nashyntsi od Gora in Albania, Macedonian govor and on ол hem praznik e KurЃovden ( maced ) . Macedonian Nationality (December 16, 2009). (Checked February 10, 2014)
- Tanya Mangalakova. Nashenti in Kosovo and Albania (Bulgarian) . Temanews.com. (Checked February 9, 2014)