Curcio Malaparte ( ital. Curzio Malaparte , real name Kurt Erich Suckert ); June 9, 1898 , Prato - July 19, 1957 , Rome ) - Italian writer, journalist, filmmaker.
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Father - Erwin Zukkert, a native of Saxony of semi-German-semi-Polish origin, the owner of a weaving factory. Mother Evelina Perelli is an Italian from Lombardy . He studied at the University of Rome La Sapienza . The first poem was published in 1912 . He participated in the First World War , was wounded and contused, was awarded the Order of Italy and France for bravery. From 1918 he worked as a journalist. The man of an adventurous warehouse and an anarchist by conviction, Malaparte always and in everything liked to go across the established order.
Entered the National Fascist Party in the 1920s . In 1922 he took part in the campaign of Mussolini to Rome. He published several political magazines and newspapers (the magazine Conquest of the State since 1924 , etc.). Since 1925, it was printed under the pseudonym Kurzio Malaparte (the surname literally means “thin share” and was coined in contrast to Bonaparte , whose surname means “good share”: “He finished badly, and I finish well,” said Malaparte). In parallel with political activity, he actively participated in literary life: together with Massimo Bontempelli he founded the literary quarterly "Nine Hundred Years", where Picasso , James Joyce , Philip Supo and others were published.
After the publication of the anti-totalitarian pamphlet "Technique of the coup d'etat" ( 1931 ), in which the author approves of Lenin ’s strategy and Trotsky’s tactics, while simultaneously condemning Mussolini and Hitler, he was expelled from the party ranks. In 1933 - 1938 he was in exile on the island of Lipari in the Tyrrhenian Sea . Released by the personal intervention of Galeazzo Ciano . For some time he worked in diplomatic missions, but was later repeatedly arrested again, serving time in the famous Roman prison Regina Coeli ( Queen of Heaven ).
Since 1941 - correspondent of the newspaper " Corriere della Sera " on the Eastern Front . Many of his articles were censored or not allowed to be printed, but compiled material for future books “Kaputt” (1944) and “Skin” (1949). In 1943 - 1946 he was at the high command of the US Army in Italy. His articles of this time were constantly published in the periodicals of the allied countries.
After the war he joined the Italian Communist Party . In 1947 he settled in Paris , where he wrote French-language plays about Marcel Proust and Karl Marx . He was interested in Maoist China , made a trip there, but soon fell ill and was forced to return early (the diary of the trip “I am in Russia and in China” was posthumously published in 1958 ).
He died of lung cancer. His famous villa in Capri , where Alberto Moravia , Albert Camus and others stayed at various times, bequeathed to the government of the People's Republic of China . His latest book, The Cursed Tuscans ( Maledetti toscani ), was published posthumously.
- Viva Caporetto! ( 1921 , under the name of Curzio Erich Zukert)
- Le nozze degli eununchi ( 1922 )
- L'Europa vivente ( 1923 )
- Italia barbara ( 1925 )
- Intelligenza di Lenin ( 1930 )
- Technique du coup d'état ( 1931 , published in Paris in French.)
- I custodi del disordine ( 1931 )
- Le bonhomme Lénine ( 1932 , published in Paris in French.)
- Deux chapeaux de paille d'Italie ( 1948 , published in Paris in French.)
- Due anni di battibecco ', 1955
- Maledetti toscani ( 1956 )
- Io, in Russia e in Cina ( 1958 )
- Mamma marcia ( 1959 )
- L'inglese in paradiso ( 1960 )
- Benedetti italiani ( 1961 )
- Viaggi fra i terremoti ( 1963 )
- Journal d'un étranger à Paris ( 1966 , published in Paris in French.)
Novels, novels, stories
- Avventure di un capitano di sventura ( 1927 )
- Don Camaleo ( 1928 )
- Sodoma e Gomorra ( 1931 )
- Fughe in prigione ( 1936 )
- Sangue ( 1937 )
- Donna come me ( 1940 )
- Il sole è cieco ( 1941 )
- Il Volga nasce in Europa ( 1943 )
- Kaputt ( 1944 )
- Skin ( La pelle ) ( 1949 )
- Storia di domani ( 1949 )
- Racconti italiani ( 1957 )
- Du côté de chez Proust. Impromptu en un acte ( 1948 , published in Paris in French.)
- Das Kapital. Pièce en trois actes ( 1949 , published in Paris in French.)
- Anche le donne hanno perso la guerra ( 1954 )
- L'Arcitaliano ( 1928 )
- Il battibecco ( 1949 )
Malaparte and the cinema
In 1951, Malaparte shot the Forbidden Christ film, which won the Silver Bear at the Berlin Film Festival (nominated for the main prize of the Cannes Film Festival ). At Villa Malaparte, Godard ’s movie “ Contempt ” (1963, see  ) was filmed after the Moravia novel. According to the novel “The Skin”, she shot the eponymous film by Liliana Cavani (1981), the role of the author was played by Marcello Mastroianni .
Publications in Russian
- Technique coup. M .: Agraf, 1988 (  )
- Kaput // Neva, 1990, № 10-12
- Skin // Foreign Literature, 2005, № 5 (  )
- Volga is born in Europe. Because of Stahlberg, 1967. Translation from German, 2013 (  )
- Cursed Tuscans. - M .: Barberry, 2015.
- Skin: a novel. - M .: Ad Marginem Press, 2015. Trans. with him. G. Fedorov. - 304 s. ISBN 978-5-91103-218-0
- Kaput: a novel. - M .: Ad Marginem Press, 2015. Trans. with him. G. Fedorov. - 440 s. ISBN 978-5-91103-219-7
- Vegliani F. Malaparte . Milano; Venezia: Guarnati, 1957
- Hamilton A. The Appeal of Fascism: 1919-1945 . New York: Macmillan, 1971 (it. Per. 1972, French and Spanish. Per. 1973)
- Tudela M. Curzio Malaparte . Madrid: EPESA, 1972
- Martellini L. Invito alla lettura di Malaparte . Milano: Mursia, 1977
- Guerri GB L'Arcitaliano. Vita di Curzio Malaparte . Milano: Bompiani, 1980
- Malaparte scrittore d'Europa / Gianni Grana, Vittoria Baroncelli, eds. Milano; Prato: Marzorati; Comune di Prato, 1991
- Guerri GB Il Malaparte illustrato . Milano: Mondadori, 1998
- Pardini G. Curzio Malaparte: biografia politica . Milano: Luni, 1998
- Di Biase C. Curzio Malaparte: la rivolta del santo maledetto . Napoli: CUEN, 1999
- Hope W. Curzio Malaparte: the narrative contract strained . Market Harborough: Troubador, 2000
- Barilli R., Baroncelli V. Curzio Malaparte: il narratore, il politologo, il cittadino di Prato e dell'Europa . Napoli: CUEN, 2000
- Arndt A. Ungeheure Grössen: Malaparte, Céline, Benn: Wertungsprobleme in der deutschen, französischen und italienischen Literaturkritik . Tübingen: M. Niemeyer, 2005
- Tessarech B. Pour Malaparte: portrait . Paris: Buchet-Chastel, 2007