Kutol ( Abkh. Kәtol , Georgian კუტოლი ) is a village in Abkhazia , in the Ochamchyr region of the partially recognized Republic of Abkhazia , according to the administrative division of Georgia - in the Ochamchir municipality of the Abkhaz Autonomous Republic  . It is located northwest of the Ochamchira district center in a flat strip. Until 1967, the Georgian form of Kvitauli was used as the official name of the village. Administratively, the village is the administrative center of the Kutol village administration ( Abkh. Kәtol agyyha ahadara ), in the past the Kutol village council . One of the largest villages in Abzhui Abkhazia .
|History and Geography|
In the north, Kutol borders on the villages of Dzherd and Guad ; in the east - with Kochara and Labra ; in the south - with the village of Tamysh ; in the west - with the villages of Kyndyg and Atara .
According to the 1989 census, the population of the Kutolsky village council was 3,755; according to the 2011 census, the population of the Kutol village administration was 2,181, mostly Abkhazians   .
|Census year||Number of inhabitants||Ethnic composition|
|1886||1352||Abkhazians 99.6%; Georgians 0.4%|
|1926||1795||Abkhazians 94.6%; Georgians 3.6%|
|1959||3208||Abkhazians , Georgians (no exact data)|
|1989||3755||Abkhazians , Georgians (no exact data)|
|2011||2181||Abkhazians 96.5%, Georgians 1.6%, Russians 1.4%|
According to the census of 1886, Orthodox Christians lived in the village of Kutol - 1352 people, there were no Muslims - Sunnis . According to the class division in Kutola there were 3 princes , 36 nobles , 6 representatives of the Orthodox clergy and 1973 peasants . Representatives of the "urban" estates in Kutola did not live.
During the Stalin period, a significant number of Megrelian peasants from the western regions of Georgia, whose lands are allotted to the outskirts of the village, are resettled to the village. Before the start of the Georgian-Abkhaz war, the number of Georgian and Abkhazian population of Kutola was approximately equal. In the late 1980s, the Georgian village community came up with the idea of dividing the local collective farm along ethnic lines, but this initiative was not implemented in practice. After the end of the Georgian-Abkhaz war, most of the Kutol megrels left the village.
The village of Kutol is historically divided into 6 villages ( abkh. Aҳabla ):
- Ahablagu (Kutol-Agu)
During the Georgian-Abkhaz war, some parts of the village of Kutol several times passed from hand to hand. Kutol was badly damaged by the fighting, many houses were destroyed, large areas were mined. However, the local Abkhazian population was in the village until the end of the war.
In the center of the village there is a monument to the natives of the village - the victims of the Georgian-Abkhaz war.
- Ajindzhal, Ahra Alekseevich - Abkhazian artist
- Basaria, Simon Petrovich - Abkhazian statesman, teacher, scientist, writer
- Basaria, Eteri Fedorovna - Abkhazian writer
- Basaria, Vladimir - Abkhazian writer
- Gamgia, Valery - Abkhazian artist, founder of state awards and flag of Abkhazia
- Gurgulia, Boris Almaskhanovich (1935-2012) - Abkhaz poet, writer, scientist
- Cogonia, Iua Abasovich - Abkhazian writer
- Lasuria, Alexey - Abkhazian writer
- Mikaya, Mushni Herodovich - poet and writer
- Papaskiri, Ivan Georgievich - Abkhazian writer
- Tabagua, Jota Konstantinovich - Abkhazian writer
- Chkadua, Shota Evgenievich - Abkhazian writer
- Blabba, Dmitry Tamazovich - public figure
- This settlement is located in Abkhazia , which is a disputed territory . According to the administrative division of Georgia , the disputed territory is occupied by the Abkhaz Autonomous Republic . In fact, the disputed territory is occupied by the partially recognized state of the Republic of Abkhazia .
- Census of Abkhazia 2011. Ochamchyr district
- Population censuses in Abkhazia 1886, 1926, 1939, 1959, 1970, 1979, 1989, 2003, 2011
- Kvarchia V.E. Historical and modern toponymy of Abkhazia (Historical and etymological study). - Sukhum: Press House, 2006. - 328 p.
- Кәарҷия В. Е. Аҧсны atoponymy. - Аҟәа: 2002 .-- 686 d. (Abkh.)
- Tsvinaria G.I. History and toponymy of the village of Kutol. - 2008.