Jean Renard ( fr. Jean Renart , 117? - c. 1250 ) - French (Norman) trouver .
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Jean Renard was allegedly born in the town of Dommartin (in the current department of the Pas de Calais ), in the last quarter of the 12th century . Apparently, he traveled a lot, visited the Champagne and Flanders courts, seeking protection.
Two of Renard's poems (Guillaume from Dole and probably Le O Shadow) are dedicated to Milo of Nanteuil , Bishop of Beauvais (1217–1222). Perhaps Milon was the patron of Jean Renard.
The circle of his creative heritage is still controversial. With one degree of certainty, he is credited with three chivalric novels - “ Galeran of Breton ” (c. 1195 ; attribution is the most controversial), “ Kite ” (c. 1200), “ Roman about the Rose, or Guillaume from Dol ” (c. 1210 ) , as well as “ Le about the shadow (or Le about the Reflection)” ( Lai de l'Ombre et de l'Anneau , c. 1220 - a story about how a knight, falling into despair due to the intransigence of his beloved, thereby achieves her love). Probably, he also owns the second version of the heroic poem “The Knight of the Swan ” ( Chevalier au Cygne ) and “ Le on Iniores ” ( Lai d'Ignaures ).
Often I come across storytellers who speak confusedly and telling stories of all kinds of tales that my heart does not lie to, because caring for the truth does not leave me; for he who breaks the laws of believability and reduces his story to fictions will not create long-lasting works, and they have nothing to read at different courts; for their authors resort to lies and forget about the truth.
(from the novel "Kite")
- Mikhailov A.D. French knightly novel. - M. , 1976. - S. 243—256.
- Renard J. The Word on Reflection. - M., Aquarius, 2016.