architectural monument (lost)
|Object of cultural heritage of Russia of regional significance|
The Assay Chamber building is a lost monument of history and architecture of the 18th — 19th centuries. The building was located in St. Petersburg and overlooked the Griboedov Canal (house 51) and Kazanskaya street (house 28).
It was built in 1769-1770 on the Catherine’s Canal by the “tailor master” Christian Schlicht, and in 1779 it was sold to him for the needs of the Assignation Bank  . The building is visible on the St. Hilaire plan, made as if from a bird's eye view. After the bank moved to a new building on Sadovaya Street , the vacated premises were transferred to the State Noble Borrowed Bank, and from 1840 the Assay Tent was located here .
The facade on Kazanskaya Street was rebuilt around 1866 by V. E. Stukkey , whose assistant during construction was then the young architect P. Yu. Suzor , who "took over the closest supervision of all the work"  . M. Mikishatiev, who discovered the construction documents, notes that this was Suzor’s first work in St. Petersburg  . At that time, the institution was already called the Laboratory of the Mining Department .
In 1875 - 1876, the Laboratory building was rebuilt by the architect G. B. Prang  , but the facades did not change  .
In Soviet times, the Leningrad Assay Control Department (former St. Petersburg Assay District) occupied this building until the 1980s.
The building of the Assay tent was demolished at the end of February 2008 by the company Legion LLC for the construction of the Radisson SAS hotel  , which was never built.
Despite the demolition, in 2009 the buildings of the Assay Chamber and the Assay School were included in the Unified State Register of Cultural Heritage Sites (Historical and Cultural Monuments) of the Peoples of the Russian Federation as Cultural Heritage Sites of Regional Importance  .
In 2018, there were plans to set up a square on the site of the lost building while maintaining the facade wall along Kazanskaya Street and spontaneously formed on the site of the demolished pond hulls  .
Assay Office in Literature
The directors of the Assay Tent were made by Kozma Prutkov by its creators A.K. Tolstoy and the Zhemchuzhnikov brothers : Alexey , Vladimir and Alexander Mikhailovich.
As you know, having entered the Assay Tent in 1823 , Kozma Prutkov remained there until his death, having risen to the rank of current state adviser and becoming the director of the Assay Tent. The joke of the creators of the image of the non-existent director of this institution (the Assay Tent was managed by a mining engineer) turned out to be prophetic: the last managing director of the Assay District St. Petersburg was the actual state adviser Yakov Lyapunov.
The following lines are devoted directly to this institution:
Here is the hour of the last forces of decline
From organic causes ...
Sorry, assay tent,
Where I won the high rank
But the muses did not reject hugs
Among me entrusted occupations!- Kozma Prutkov , The Dying One , 1884
- Larisa Breutman. Kazan street. St. Petersburg, 2008.S. 214-215.
- Mikhail Mikishatyev Sorry, Assay tent ... // St. Petersburg Gazette , issue No. 046 dated 03/14/2008.
- St. Petersburg Assemblies Archival copy of October 26, 2008 on the Wayback Machine .
- Living City - a movement to preserve the cultural and architectural heritage of St. Petersburg .
- Appendix to the order of KGIOP of July 21, 2009 N 10-22 as amended on August 25, 2010
- A new square may appear in the Admiralty district