Chveneburi ( Georgian ჩვენებური , lit. “own”, “one of ours”, Turkish . Çveneburi ) is a sub-ethnic group in the territory of the modern Republic of Turkey , historically part of the Georgian people  .
|Type of||ethnographic group|
|Group of peoples||cartels|
|Tongue||Georgian , Turkish|
|Religion||Islam ( Sunni )|
|Composed of||Kartvelian peoples|
|Related||manholes , adjarians|
Ethnography is complex. So, unlike most Georgians , the Chveneburi are Muslims , as well as closely related manholes . Therefore, Muslim Georgians are very distant from Christian Georgians. In contrast to the Laz, the Chvebenuri moved to the territory of modern Turkey , relatively recently - starting from the second half of the XIX century. Therefore, in their culture and language there are practically no strong medieval Greek-Pontic influences .
The Chveeneburi have long maintained the Georgian language and Georgian culture, however, dispersed living and the growth of interethnic marriages leads to their gradual assimilation . Assimilation processes are especially pronounced among the younger generation, who switched mainly to the Turkish language . The bulk of the Chveneburi currently resides in the cities of Trabzon , Rize , Ordu , Sinop , Bursa and Istanbul . The number of Muslim Georgians ( Imerchevians , Lazs , Adzharians , Chveneburi) in Turkey is estimated at 0.3 million people.
Islamization and Assimilation Processes
In terms of origin, the Georgian-Muslim minority, formed during the Ottoman empire, strongly resembles the situation with other similar Islamized groups in the predominantly Christian ethnic groups of the Balkans:
- Adzharians - partially Islamized Georgians of the Autonomous Republic of Adjara ( Georgia );
- Albanians are a largely Islamized Balkan people;
- Torbesh - Islamized Macedonians ;
- Gorans - Islamized Serbs ;
- Bosnians - the Islamized Balkan people;
- Pomaki - Islamized Bulgarians ;
- Cretan Muslims - Islamized Greeks ;
- Khemshily - Islamized Armenians ;
- Crypto - Armenians - Islamized Armenians ;
- Gadjals - Islamized Gagauz ;
- Fereydanians are the Islamized Georgians of Iran .
- Kuznetsov I.V., Kuznetsova R. Sh., Shibzukhov M.M. Fundamentals of Ethnography of the Countries of the Middle East. - Krasnodar: Kuban state. Univ., 2009. - p. 21. - ISBN 978-5-8209-0690-9 .