Subarctic belt ( Subarctic ) - a natural geographical zone in the Northern Hemisphere , bordering the Arctic belt (Arctic) in the north and the temperate zone in the south. Lies between about 60 ° and 70 ° C. w.
In the subarctic tundra and forest-tundra prevail. The tundra zone (tundra) is distinguished in the colder northern part, and the forest-tundra zone (forest-tundra) in the warmer southern part.
In the ocean, the subarctic belt is determined by the distribution limits of seasonal ice - between the winter and summer boundaries of their distribution. In summer, ice-free water heats up somewhat, it is saturated with oxygen.
The subarctic belt is characterized by a subarctic climate : Summer is short, cold not higher than +10, but warmer and longer than in the tundra. At this time, moderate air mass dominates. Winter is long, cold, blizzards, winds; dominated by the Arctic Seasonality is not clearly expressed, there is the possibility of a sharp cooling. There is little rainfall, snow cover is evenly distributed. Excessive humidification zone. Permafrost. Waterlogging.
- Tundra landscapes
Both in the tundra and in the forest-tundra, one can find a wolf, a lemming, a reindeer, a fox and a hare.
- Subarctic Indians
- Grigoriev A.A., Subarctica, 2nd ed., M., 1956;
- Soviet Arctic. The seas and islands of the Arctic Ocean, M., 1970;
- Ocean. [Sat Art.], per. from English., M., 1971;
- Ryabchikov A. M .. The structure and dynamics of the geosphere, its natural development and change by man, M., 1972.