Pinocchio is the second full - length animated film made by Walt Disney Productions based on the tale of the Italian writer Carlo Collodi “ The Adventures of Pinocchio. History of a wooden doll ”(1883)  . The film was awarded two Academy Award. The American Cinema Association awarded a rating of G , which means the absence of age restrictions, and in Russia the film received a rating of 0+ (for any viewer audience).
|Genre||Family , Drama , Fantasy|
|Producer||Ben Sharpstein |
|Based||tales of Carlo Collodi “ The Adventures of Pinocchio. The story of a wooden doll »|
|written by||Ted sears|
|Roles voiced||Dicky jones |
|Composer||Lee Harlin |
|Studio||Walt Disney Productions|
|Duration||88 minutes [one]|
|Premiere||February 7, 1940|
|Budget||2 289 247 dollars |
|Fees||84 254 167 dollars |
|Rotten tomato||more details|
The plot significantly deviates from the original.
Once in a Italian town, a traveling cricket Jimini climbs into the workshop of the local wooden craftsman Geppetto. There he watches as the master finishes work on his latest creation: a wooden puppet doll, which Jeppetto gave the name "Pinocchio". His pets are the black and white Figaro kitten and the Clio goldfish. After finishing work and getting ready for bed, Geppetto notices a wish star in the window and makes his most cherished desire: that Pinocchio becomes a living boy.
That same night, the Blue Fairy arrives in Jeppetto’s workshop to fulfill the carpenter’s wish: she enlivens Pinocchio, but leaves him a puppet, warning that he can turn into a real boy when he becomes honest, courageous and non-greedy. In addition, he will be able to understand where is good and where is evil, with the help of his conscience. Pinocchio asks Fairy what conscience is , and right there Jimini intervenes, who remains to spend the night in the workshop, and tells him about his conscience.
The Blue Fairy invites Jimini to become Pinocchio's conscience, to which cricket agrees. Then the Fairy, asking Pinocchio to always listen to the voice of her conscience, flies away. Some time later, Pinocchio accidentally makes a mess in Jeppetto's workshop, and the owner of the workshop wakes up from the noise. Geppetto discovers that Pinocchio has come to life, and realizing that his desire has been fulfilled, Geppetto is indescribable delight and the next day sends Pinocchio to school .
On the way to school, Pinocchio meets the fox Honest John and the cat Gideon, who decide to sell the wooden boy to the Stromboli puppet theater . They tell him about fame and the easy road to success, and then Pinocchio decides to become an actor . Jimini offers him to abandon this obsession . But Pinocchio's credulity prevails, and he, without knowing it, sells himself to Stromboli.
On the same evening, on one of the city streets, Stromboli arranged a puppet show , in which he presented Pinocchio as a puppet dancing and singing without the help of strings. Pinocchio immediately becomes the star of the show and the favorite of the public. All this Jimini notices and thinking that the actor does not need a conscience, decides to leave. At the same time, Geppetto began to worry why Pinocchio did not return home for such a long time. Then the master of wooden affairs decides to find him and sets off in search of the rain.
But Pinocchio decides to stay with Stromboli for a short while, who as a reward gives him the bent puck found among the money. Pinocchio, not realizing that he was deceived, rejoices and decides to go home to his father. Then Stromboli locks him in a bird cage, telling Pinocchio about his enrichment plan: they will tour , and Pinocchio with his performances will bring Stromboli a lot of money. And when Pinocchio is no longer needed, they will let him go for firewood. A little later, Stromboli along with Pinocchio sets off on the road.
Later, Jimini climbed into the van to Stromboli, who decided to see Pinocchio goodbye. There Pinocchio tells him about what happened after the performance, and about Stromboli's plan. Jimini decides to open the cell lock on his own, but to no avail: the castle turned out to be rusty, and the cricket does not have enough strength. Soon the Blue Fairy flies to them and begins to question Pinocchio why he did not go to school and why he is here. Pinocchio begins to tell Fairy a story, but only an untruth . From this, his nose begins to grow, and Fairy tells him that the nose will continue to grow while he is lying.
Pinocchio repents, and the Fairy forgives him, asking Pinocchio to be good, then releases him from the cage and returns his nose to its previous state. After she disappears again, finally warning that she will no longer help Pinocchio (in the original version this is not). And the freed wooden boy and Jimini run away and go home. At this time, Honest John and Gideon in the Red Lobster Tavern tell the coachman about the sale of Pinocchio Stromboli and brag about the money received for this. The coachman offers Honest John and Gideon to bring to him boys who behave badly and skip school, in exchange for a large reward. After that, he should take the children to Pleasure Island. His interlocutors agree.
Pinocchio and Jimini go home, but Pinocchio stopped Honest John, convinced him that he was ill, and offered to go to Pleasure Island to recover. The wooden man agrees again, and Jimini sets off in search of him. On the way to the island of Pinocchio, he meets Wick, an impudent boy who loves destruction, often skips school and interrupts his interlocutor in a word. The wick says that he had heard a lot about this place before, and there you can do whatever your heart desires, and no one will forbid you. On the island, its visitors destroy buildings , drink alcohol , smoke cigars , participate in mass fights.
In horror, the cricket begins to search for Pinocchio, while he and Wick play billiards and smoke. Jimini learns that the coachman turns the children into donkeys , and then sells them to the salt mines and the circus, or makes them work for him. Soon, the Wick turns into a donkey completely, and Pinocchio - not until the end. Jimini and Pinocchio try to escape, but since the gates are closed, they have to jump into the water. Once out on land, Pinocchio and the cricket head home again, where they discover that no one is home, as Jeppetto went in search of Pinocchio.
A dove descends from the sky and discards a small piece of paper. It says that Jeppetto was swallowed by a giant whale of Monstro, but is still alive and is in his stomach. Pinocchio and Jimini descend to the bottom of the ocean and go to his aid.
In the belly of a whale, Geppetto is almost dying of hunger . However, Monstro wakes up and swallows water with fish. Jimini and Pinocchio try to escape from the whale, but to no avail. Pinocchio is swallowed and reunited with his father. To go outside, Pinocchio decides to light a fire inside the whale and thus make him sneeze. Thanks to this, Geppetto, Figaro, Clio, Jimini and Pinocchio are on the surface of the ocean, but with their actions they terribly angered the whales.
An angry Monster is trying to destroy the raft, in which he succeeds, but Pinocchio at the cost of his life saves his father and friends. Monster is breaking on the rocks. The houses of Jeppetto, Jimini, Figaro and Clio mourn the death of Pinocchio. But suddenly the Blue Fairy appears and revives Pinocchio, making him a real boy. She says that he showed true courage and committed a real heroic deed. Geppetto, Pinocchio, Figaro, Clio and Jimini note this. Jimini receives a gold medal as a certificate of conscience.
- Dickie Jones - Pinocchio
- Cliff Edwards - Cricket Jimini
- Christian Rab - Jeppetto
- Mel Blank - Figaro / Clio / Gideon
- Walter Catlett - J. Worthington Falfellow (Honest John)
- Charles Jewels - Stromboli / Coachman
- Evelyn Venable - Blue Fairy
- Frankie Darro - The Wick
- Turl Ravenscroft - Monstro
- Don Brody - shouted
- Clarence Nash - statue by the room of laughter
The film was dubbed by the Nevafilm film company by order of Disney Character Voices International in 2003  .
- Dubbing Director - Lyudmila Demyanenko
- Translator and author of synchronous text and verses - Lilia Koroleva
- Sound producer - Oksana Strugina
- Sound Engineer - Svetlana Ivanova
- Musical Director - Alexander Nikiforov
- Creative Consultant - Mariusz Yavorovsky
- Artyom Sergeev - Pinocchio (speech)
- Vyacheslav Sukhov - Pinocchio (vocals)
- Helium Sysoev - Jimini Cricket (speech)
- Maxim Fedosov - Cricket Jimini (vocals)
- Vadim Nikitin - Jeppetto
- Evgeny Dyatlov - Honest John / performance of the song “At An Hour When the Star Rises”
- Sergey Vorobyov - Stromboli
- Yuri Lazarev - coachman
- Margarita Smirnova - Blue Fairy
- Ilya Tkachenko - Wick
- Ilya Sergeev - Alexander
- Alexey Guryev - the 1st shouted
- Vadim Gushchin - The 2nd Barker
- Elizaveta Zakharyeva
- Fedor Mashanov
- Victor Prokhorov
- Maxim Sergeev - the third shouted
- Tatyana Efimova
- Alexey Zhukov
- Anton Rositsky
- Sergey Kuzmin
- Nikita Zakharov
- Love Emelin
- Julia Andrushkevich
- Nadezhda Gandel
- Lydia Beh-Ivanova
- Ekaterina Toporkova
- Kirill Govorin
- Grigory Sinyapkin
- Igor Solovyov
The music for the cartoon was written by the famous American composer Lee Harline, who has long collaborated with Disney. The author of the lyrics was Ned Washington, who had previously worked on musical accompaniment of Hollywood projects. After the huge success of the animated film “ Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs ” at Disney, they decided to include famous artists, in particular Cliff Edwards , in the recording of songs for Pinocchio  .
The soundtracks for the cartoon were released separately, and the song "When You Wish Upon a Star" gained great popularity, becoming a hit of the 1940s. The work of the composer did not escape the attention of professional critics, and as a result, the cartoon even won an Oscar.
Pinocchio was supposed to be the third film of Walt Disney Productions after Bambi , but due to difficulties in adapting the plot and realistic animation of animals, Bambi was suspended and the studio moved on to creating Pinocchio  .
In 1985, in the USA, the cartoon was released by Walt Disney Home Video on VHS in the Classics collection. In 1993, the Walt Disney Classics video company released a restored version of the cartoon on VHS. In other countries of the world, a cartoon is released with different dubbing (for example, in Italy an Italian version of a cartoon is released). In the USSR in the 1980s and Russia in the 1990s, it was released on videotapes in the translations of Andrei Gavrilov , Mikhail Ivanov and others.
In 1999, a special anniversary edition of the cartoon (on its 60th anniversary) on DVD by the Disney DVD distributor took place, and in 2000 it was released in the Golden Collection. In Russia, in 2003 the film was released on DVD with professional one-voice-over-the-face translation of Peter Glanz and with many-voice-over-voice translation (the latter was on DVD from the company “DVD-Magic”), and Russian dubbing was performed later.
In the mid-2000s, DisneyToon Studios began developing a sequel to the Pinocchio cartoon. Robert Rees wrote the script for the cartoon that saw Pinocchio as traveling in a strange adventure. Rhys claimed this was a story that would lead Pinocchio to the question of why life sometimes seems unfair  . John Lasseter canceled Pinocchio II shortly after he was named chief creative officer at Walt Disney Animation Studios in 2006  .
In April 2015, Deadline announced that Disney was developing a remake with live actors based on the animated cartoon Pinocchio. The script for the film will be written by Peter Hedges  . In May 2017, Sam Mendes was negotiating for him to make a film scripted by Chris Weitz  . Six months later, it was announced that Mendes dropped out of the project  . In February 2018, it was reported that Paul King was selected as the director of the film with Jack Thorne , who was rewriting the script  . In August of this year, Weitz stated that the script is still under development and that filming is expected in England and Italy starting in 2019  . At the end of November 2018, Tom Hanks held early negotiations to play the role of Jeppetto  .
Oscar Award for the best song “At the Time of the Star Rising” ( When You Wish Upon a Star ) and for the best original soundtrack.
- Beck, 2005 .
- Barrier, 2003 , pp. 269-273.
- Pinocchio . Box Office Mojo . IMDb Date of treatment March 26, 2014.
- Walt Disney : a guide to references and resources
- Maltin L. The Disney Films
- Films dubbed at the Nevafilm studio. Archived on February 25, 2012.
- list of cast and cast members has been compiled according to the credits shown on DVD and Blu-ray after showing the cartoon
- Ruhlmann, William Cliff "Ukelele Ike" Edwards . Allmusic.com. Date of treatment September 9, 2018. Archived on September 9, 2018.
- Barrier, 1999 .
- Armstrong, Josh . From Snow Queen to Pinocchio II : Robert Reece's animated adventures in screenwriting , Animated Views (April 22, 2013). Date of appeal April 24, 2013.
- Walt Disney Studios (June 22, 2007). DisneyToon Studios to be Restructured and Will Operate as a Separate Unit Within Walt Disney Animation Studios . Press release . Retrieved February 25, 2014 .
- Fleming Jr., Mike 'Pinocchio'-Inspired Live-Action Pic In The Works At Disney . Deadline (April 8, 2015).
- Busch, Anita Sam Mendes In Early Talks To Direct Disney's Live-Action 'Pinocchio' . Deadline (May 22, 2017).
- Galuppo, Mia Sam Mendes Exits Disney's Live-Action 'Pinocchio' . Hollywood Reporter (November 13, 2017).
- Kit, Borys Disney's Live-Action 'Pinocchio' Enlists 'Paddington' Director . Hollywood Reporter (February 20, 2018).
- Medina, Joseph Jammer Disney's Live-Action Pinocchio Writer Chris Weitz Says They're Still Developing The Script (Exclusive) . LRM Online (August 21, 2018). Date accessed August 21, 2018.
- Coggan, Devan Tom Hanks in early talks to play Geppetto in Disney's live-action Pinocchio . Entertainment Weekly (November 29, 2018). Date of treatment December 1, 2018.
- Jerry Beck. The Animated Movie Guide . - Chicago Review Press, 2005. - ISBN 978-1-56976-222-6 .
- Michael Barrier. Hollywood Cartoons. - Oxford University Press, 1999.
- Michael Barrier. Hollywood Cartoons: American Animation in Its Golden Age . - Oxford University Press, 2003 .-- 672 p. - ISBN 0198020791 .