Toga is an island in the New Hebrides archipelago, in the Torres island group in the Pacific Ocean . It is the territory of the Republic of Vanuatu . Administratively part of the province of Torba .
|Highest point||240 m|
|Population||276 people (2009)|
|Population density||14.68 people / km²|
|Water area||Pacific Ocean|
Toga Island is located in the northern part of the New Hebrides Archipelago in the Pacific Ocean . It is the southernmost island of the Torres group  . To the north is Loch Island, to the south-east is Banks Island . The nearest mainland, Australia , is located 1300 km  . On the east side, the island is washed by the Pacific Ocean , on the west - by the Coral Sea .
Toga has a coral origin and is a raised atoll  . The island is 6 km long and 4.5 km wide. The highest point of Toga, Mount Lemeura , reaches 240 m. The elevated part of the island is a 2 × 1 km plateau , whose height is about 200 m  .
The climate on Toga is humid tropical . The average annual rainfall is about 4000 mm  . The island is prone to frequent cyclones and earthquakes .
The Vanuatu Islands were settled approximately 2,000 years ago during the migration of people through the Solomon Islands from the northwestern Pacific and Papua New Guinea  . Colonization of the islands was carried out during long sea voyages in large canoes , which could accommodate up to 200 people. Travelers also brought along some useful animals, seeds of agricultural plants, which later began to be bred on new lands.
In March 1906, Toga, like the other islands of the New Hebrides, became a joint possession of France and Britain , that is, the archipelago received the status of an Anglo-French condominium  .
On June 30, 1980, the New Hebrides gained independence from Great Britain and France, and the island of Toga became the territory of the Republic of Vanuatu .
In 2009, the population of Tog was 276 people  . The native language of the islanders is the Melanesian toga , which is also used on the island of Loch  .
- List of Vanuatu Islands
- John Seach . The island of Toga. (eng.)
- UN SYSTEM-WIDE EARTHWATCH Web Site. Vanuatu Islands. (eng.)
- Jeremy MacClancy . To kill a bird with two stones: a short history of Vanuatu. Port Vila, Vanuatu Cultural Center, 1980. - Page eighteen.
- Tufala Gavman . Reminisces from the Anglo-French Condominium of the New Hebrides / Brian J. Bresnihan, Keith Woodward, editors. - Suva, Fiji: Institute of Pacific Studies, University of the South Pacific, 2002. - Page 23.
- 2009 National Population and Housing Census (2009). Archived on October 17, 2012.
- Etnologue . Languages of Vanuatu. (eng.)