Khypsta ( Abkh. Khyҧsҭa ; on bzyb. Dia. Khyҧҫҭa) is a village in Abkhazia , in the Gudauta district of the partially recognized Republic of Abkhazia , according to the administrative division of Georgia , in the Gudauta municipality of the Abkhaz Autonomous Republic  . It is located west of the Gudauta district center in a lowland zone on the Black Sea coast at the mouth of the Hypsta River. In Soviet times, the village was called Akhalsopeli , in 1996 the government of the Republic of Abkhazia was renamed Khypsta. It continues to bear its former name under the jurisdiction of Georgia.
|abh. Huysa |
bzyb. dial. Huha
|A country||Republic of Abkhazia / Georgia |
|Region ||Abkhaz Autonomous Republic|
|History and Geography|
|Timezone||UTC + 3|
|Population||1751  people ( 2011 )|
Administratively, the village is the administrative center of the Khypstinsky rural administration ( Abkh. Khyҧsҭa aқyҭa ahadara ), in the past the Akhalsopel village council .
- 1 Geographical location
- 2 History
- 3 population
- 4 Interesting Facts
- 5 notes
- 6 Literature
It is located west of the Gudauta district center in a lowland zone on the Black Sea coast at the mouth of the Hypsta River.
The village (administration) of Khypst historically includes 3 villages ( Abkh. Aҳabla ), formerly part of the villages of Lykhny and Zvandripsh :
In the north, Khypsta borders on the villages of Zvandripsh and Lykhny, in the east - with the village of Lykhny along the Pshandra River, in the south the territory of the rural administration extends to the Black Sea coast, in the west - with the village of Mgudzyrhua along the Mchishta river.
In 1996, the village of Akhalsopeli was renamed Hypsta . The last name was given to the village from the river of the same name flowing through its territory and is not historical, since the territory of the village until 1944 did not constitute a single community, but was part of two neighboring villages.
According to the 1959 census, 2533 people lived in the village of Akhalsopeli (Khypsta), mostly Georgians (in the Akhali-Sopelsky village council as a whole - the same number - 2533 people, also mostly Georgians)  . According to the 1989 census, the population of the Akhalsopelsky village council was 2,992 people, including the village of Akhalsopeli - the same number - 2,992 people  , mainly Georgians, as well as Abkhazians  . According to the 2011 census, the population of the rural settlement (rural administration) of Khypst was 1751 residents, of which 88.4% were Abkhazians (1548 people), 5.7% were Georgians (99 people), 3.4% were Russians (60 people), 0.3% - Armenians (5 people), 0.3% - Ukrainians (5 people), 0.2% - Greeks (3 people), 1.8% - others (31 people)  .
The village was formed in 1944 from part of the territory of the villages of Zvandripsh (the village of Apsdny ) and Lykhny (the village of Ashytsra ). The village was originally founded as a resettlement, and soon immigrants from Western Georgia are resettled here, who from then until 1992 constitute the vast majority of the population of the village. The village received the Georgian name Akhalsopeli , that is, the “new village”. The share of Abkhazians in the population of the village throughout the Soviet period remained virtually unchanged - about 20%.
During the Georgian-Abkhaz war of 1992-1993, far from the whole Georgian population left the village. At present, Georgians, mostly elderly people, mixed with Abkhazians, are still densely settled in Hipsta.
|Census year||Number of inhabitants||Ethnic composition|
|1959||2533||Abkhazians (approx. 37%); Georgians (no exact data)|
|1989||2992||Georgians - 74%; Abkhazians - 20%|
|2011||1751||Abkhazians - 88.4%; Georgians - 5.7%, Russians - 3.4%|
The village is named after the Hypsta River, originating from the Bzyp Range.
Until 1992, Akhalsopeli was the only village in the Gudauta region , where the Georgian population was numerically predominant. Khypsta is the only village in the modern Gudauta region, where there is a compact Georgian population.
Many residents of the village of Georgian nationality participated in the Georgian-Abkhaz war of 1992-1993 on the side of Abkhazia. A native of the village Oleg Chanba commanded the Air Force of Abkhazia, died in battle and was posthumously awarded the title of Hero of Abkhazia.
- This settlement is located in Abkhazia , which is a disputed territory . According to the administrative division of Georgia , the disputed territory is occupied by the Abkhaz Autonomous Republic . In fact, the disputed territory is occupied by the partially recognized state of the Republic of Abkhazia .
- According to the administrative division of Georgia
- Census of Abkhazia 2011. Gudauta district .
- All-Union Population Census 1959. Gudauta District. Villages and predominant nationalities .
- All-Union Population Census 1989. Abkhaz ASSR .
- Ethnic-language maps of Abkhazia in 1989. Koryakov Yu. B.
- Kvarchia V.E. Historical and modern toponymy of Abkhazia (Historical and etymological study). - Sukhum: Press House, 2006 - 328 p.
- Кәарҷия В. Е. Аҧсны atoponymy. - Аҟәа: 2002 .-- 686 d. (Abkh.)