Psyrdzha ( Abkh. Ҧsyrӡha , cargo. ფსირცხა ) is a village in Abkhazia , in the Gudauta district of the partially recognized Republic of Abkhazia , according to the administrative division of Georgia - in the Gudauta municipality of the Abkhaz Autonomous Republic  . In Soviet times, the village was officially called Psirtsha and Psyrtsha .
|abh. Ҧsyrӡkha , cargo. ფსირცხა|
|A country||Republic of Abkhazia / Georgia |
|Region ||Abkhaz Autonomous Republic|
|Area||Gudauta District  / Gudauta Municipality |
|History and Geography|
|Former names||Psirtsha, Psyrtsha|
|Timezone||UTC + 3|
|Population||1386  people ( 1989 )|
Administratively, the village is the administrative center of the Psyrdzkhinsky rural administration ( Abkh. Ҧsyrӡha aқyҭa ahadara ), formerly the Psyrtskhinsky village council . Sukhumskoye highway passes through the village.
It is located east of the Gudauta district center in the foothill zone. In this area, the mountain range comes close to the coast.
The village (administration) of Psyrdzha historically includes 3 villages ( abkh. Aҳabla ):
- Arahu (Psyrdzha Oktyabrskaya, Oktombury)
- Amzhasara (Psirdzha Greek, Citrus)
- Psyrdzha Akhabla (actually Psyrdzha)
In the north, the border of Psyrdzkhi is the Bzyb Range , in the east of Psyrdzkh it borders on the Sukhumi region , in the south the territory of the village extends to the Black Sea coast, in the west - to the city of New Athos .
According to the 1959 census, 834 people lived in the village of Psyrtsha (Psyrdzha), mostly Armenians (in the Psyrtskhsky village council as a whole - 2,637 people, also mostly Armenians)  . According to the 1989 census , the population of the Psyrtskhsky village council amounted to 2889 people, including 1386 people of the village of Psyrtsha  , mainly Armenians and Abkhazians  . According to the 2011 census , the population of the rural settlement (rural administration) of Psyrdzkh was 1738 inhabitants, of which 69.3% were Armenians (1205 people), 18.8% were Abkhazians (327 people), 8.1% were Russians ( 140 people), 1.3% - Georgians (22 people), 0.5% - Mingrelians (9 people), 0.5% - Ukrainians (9 people), 0.3% - Greeks (6 people), 1, 2% - others (20 people)  .
In the second half of the 19th century, Psyrdzha, like other eastern villages of Bzyb Abkhazia , suffered from muhajirism - the forcible eviction of the Abkhaz population to Turkey - to a greater extent than the villages located to the west. All residents were evicted from Psirdzhi, and the territory was depopulated for several years. In the 1880s, Turkish Armenians and later Greeks, Russians, Georgians settled here  .
According to the census of 1886, the Gregorians lived in the village of Psyrdzkha - 221 people. According to the estate division in Psyrdzkh there were 221 peasants. Princes, nobles, representatives of the Orthodox clergy and "urban" estates did not live in Psyrdzkh.
|Census year||Number of inhabitants||Ethnic composition|
|1926||1657||Armenians 57.2%; Russians 15.6%; Georgians 9.1%; Greeks 2.8%; Abkhazians 2.1%|
|1959||2637||Armenians , Russians (no exact data)|
|1989||2889||Armenians , Russians (no exact data)|
|2011||1738||Armenians (69.3%), Abkhazians (18.8%), Russians (8.1%)|
- This settlement is located in Abkhazia , which is a disputed territory . According to the administrative division of Georgia , the disputed territory is occupied by the Abkhaz Autonomous Republic . In fact, the disputed territory is occupied by the partially recognized state of the Republic of Abkhazia .
- According to the administrative division of Georgia
- According to the administrative division of the partially recognized Republic of Abkhazia
- All-Union Population Census 1989. Abkhaz ASSR
- All-Union Population Census 1959. Gudauta District. Villages and Primary Nationalities
- Ethnic-language maps of Abkhazia in 1989. Koryakov Yu. B.
- Census of Abkhazia 2011. Gudauta district
- Bagapsh N.V. Formation of the ethnic mosaic of Abkhazia. Archived on May 2, 2008.
- (Russian) V.E. Kvarchia. Historical and modern toponymy of Abkhazia (Historical and etymological study). - Sukhum, 2006 .-- 328 p. - 1000 copies.
- (Abkh.) Кәарҷия В. Е. Аҧсны atoponymy. - Аҟәа: 2002 .-- 686 d.