Yashovarman I ( Khmer. ព្រះបាទ យសោវរ្ម័ន ទី ១ ) - Emperor of the Khmer Empire , ruled in the period 889-910 years. e.
- 1 Early years
- 2 Achievements of Yashovarman I
- 3 Posthumous Name
- 4 Literature
The early years
After the death of Indravarman I , a civil war broke out between his two sons. It is believed that the war was fought on land and at sea Tonle Sap. As a result, in 889, Yashovarman defeated.
Achievements of Yashovarman I
During the first year of his reign, he built about 100 monasteries (ashrams) throughout the kingdom. Each ashram was used as a resting place for the monks and the king during his trips. which was at the beginning of his father. In 893, right in the middle of the barn, Indratataka , begun by his father, now dried up, is building the Lolei Temple .
At the same time, he begins to build a huge new barray in his new capital - the barracks Yashodharatataka or East Baray , which was eight times larger than the previous one. His main achievement was the transfer of the capital from Hariharalaya to Yashodharapura , with which it remained for 500 years. It is here that many great and famous religious monuments of Khmer culture are located, for example, Angkor Wat . There were many reasons for the transfer of the capital. Firstly, the old capital was filled with temples built by previous rulers. Thus, the decision was religious: in order for the new king to prosper, he must build his own temple, and when he dies, he must become his mausoleum. Secondly, the new capital was closer to the Siem Reap River and is halfway between the Phnom Kuleni plateau by the Tonle Sap River . Moving the capital closer to the water, Yashovarman received the benefits provided by both rivers. He also built roads connecting the old and new capital.
The center of Yashodharapur becomes a natural hill on which the Phnom Bakheng temple is erected to store his lenses, also temples such as the Phnom Kraom temple and the Phnom Bok temple were built in his reign. In addition to them, many religious buildings are being built in order to support the power of the monarch by numerous religious centers.
In 910, Yashovarman I dies, taking the posthumous name - Paramashivalok.
- Dajan B. Khmer. - M .: Veche, 2009 .-- 432 p.
- Migo A. Khmer (the history of Cambodia since ancient times). - M .: Nauka, 1973.- 350 p.
- Yasovarman I // Soviet Historical Encyclopedia. - M .: Soviet Encyclopedia, 1976. - T. 16. - S. 993.