Sami Frasheri , also known as Shamsettin Sami Frasheri ( tur . Şemseddin Sami Bey , alb. Sami Frashëri ; June 1, 1850 , Frasher, Rumelia , Ottoman Empire - June 18, 1904 , Istanbul , Ottoman Empire) - Albanian and Turkish educator, writer, philosopher , scholar and playwright. He made a great contribution to the reform of the Ottoman-Turkish language and is known in Ottoman literature as Shemseddin Sami Efendi.
|Şemseddin Sami Bey|
Sami Frasheri with his wife Emine
|Date of Birth||June 1, 1850|
|Place of Birth||Frasher, Rumelia , Ottoman Empire|
|Date of death||June 18, 1904 (54 years)|
|Place of death||Istanbul , Ottoman Empire|
|Occupation||writer, philosopher, playwright, publicist|
|Language of Works||Albanian , Ottoman|
Together with his brothers Abdul and Naim he published the newspaper “Rilindya kombatare” ( alb. Rilindja Kombëtare ), becoming a prominent figure in the National Renaissance of Albania  .
Frasheri was one of the sons of the broken Bey from Frasher ( Permet district). By religion Sami Frasheri was a Muslim Bektashi  .
Frasheri graduated from the Zosima Gymnasium in the city of Ioannina . There he became acquainted with Western philosophy and studied Greek, French and Italian. With the help of a tutor, he also learned Arabic, Turkish, and Persian. In 1872 he moved to Istanbul , where he worked in the government press bureau. The main purpose of his life, like the other participants in the Albanian revival movement, was the development and improvement of Albanian culture, as well as the independence of the country.
Sami Frasheri died on June 18, 1904, after a serious illness at his home in Erenköy, Istanbul .
Together with his elder brother Abdul, Hassan Tahsini, Pashko Vasa and Janov Vreto, Frasheri established the Central Committee for the Protection of National Rights of Albanians . At the beginning of 1879, the Commission on the creation of the Albanian alphabet was created in this committee, in which Sami Frasheri, Vaso Pashko, Jani Vreto and Koto Hoji participated. Sami Frasheri founded and headed the Albanistics Society; Society's scientific notes were collected by his brother Naim.
Frasheri was known as a lexicographer , he became the author of the first grammar textbooks for Albanian schools, as well as a number of works on Turkish lexicography (2-volume Turkish-French and French-Turkish dictionary, explanatory "Dictionary of the Turkish language").
Fame brought him sentimental novel "Love Talat and Fitnat" ( Alb. Dashuria e Talatit me Fitneten , 1872), the play "The Demon, or Fidelity to the Oath" ( alb. Besa ose Mbajtja e Fjalës , 1875), journalism  .
The message of Frasheri “Albania - what it was, what it became, what it will be” ( Alb. Shqipëria ç´ka qenë, ç´është e ç´do të bëhet ), published in 1899 in the newspaper Rilindya Kombetar, became a manifesto Albanian national revival movement. Frasheri opened the discussion on the prospects for the development of a free and independent republic of Albania. Thus, starting with the demands of autonomy and the struggle for his own alphabet and education, he helped the Albanian national liberation movement to formulate and develop the demands for independence.
Nephew Sami Frasheri Midhat Frasheri - the leader of the Albanian nationalists, the founder of the Bally Kombetar .