Fathi Shkaki ( Arabic: فتحي الشقاقي , 1951 , Gaza , Egypt - October 26, 1995 , Sliema , Malta ) is the founder of the fundamentalist terrorist movement Palestinian Islamic Jihad and its first leader.
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During the first intifada, Shkaki was arrested and deported from Israel . Abroad, thanks to his personal qualities, he was able to enlist the support of a number of Arab leaders and successfully reorganize the Islamic Jihad.
The Shkaki organization is responsible for many terrorist attacks in Israel, such as the Beit Lead junction (with Hamas ), the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.
After the terrorist attack in Beat Lead, Israel began special operations to capture the leaders of the organization, and in the last years of his life, Shkaki was hiding with his wife and five children in a camp in Damascus , under the protection of personal bodyguards and Syrian secret services. October 29, 1995 he arrived in Malta from Libya, under the guise of a Libyan citizen. When, after a walk around the city, Shkaki returned to the hotel, he caught up with a motorcycle with two Mossad agents, one of which shot three bullets in his head and heart. Shkaki could identify only three days later.
More than 40 thousand people attended the Shkaki funeral on November 1, 1995 in Damascus.
- Alexander Brass . “Sheikh Fathi Shkaki” // Who is who in the world of terror . - M.: Russia-Olympus: Astrel: ACT, 2007.- S. 218-230. - 344 p. - ISBN 9851604429 , 9789851604421, 5-9648-0100-5, 5-9648-0100-5, 5-9648-0100-5.
List of Palestinian Islamic Jihad attacks