Newcastle Airport ( IATA : NCL , ICAO : EGNT ) is located in Newcastle upon Tyne , about 11 km northwest of the city center. In 2006, it was the 10th UK passenger traffic airport.
|IATA : NCL - ICAO : EGNT|
|A country||Great Britain|
|Location||Newcastle upon Tyne|
|Operator||local authorities, Copenhagen Airports A / S|
|NUM height||+81 m|
|Working hours||round the clock|
|Annual passenger flow||5.4 million ( 2007 ) |
The airport is owned by seven local governments (51%) and Copenhagen Airport (49%). These seven authorities are: Durham County Council, Gateshead County Council, Newcastle City , North Tyneside County Council, Northumberland County Council, South Tyneside County Council and Sunderland City .
Newcastle International Airport is licensed (P725), which permits passenger transportation and pilot training.
The airport was opened on July 26, 1935 by the Minister of Aviation, Sir Philip Canliff-Lister. Airport construction, including a clubhouse, a hangar , workshops, a gas station and a grass runway cost 35,000 ft. Art.
Despite the fact that during the Second World War the main airport in the region was located in Crumbletonton in Northumberland , after the war it was decided to develop Newcastle Airport. In the early 1950s, former Royal Air Force fighter pilot Jim Denier was appointed Airport Manager. Over the next few years, more than 5,000 people traveled annually to Jersey and Isle of Wight .
In the 1960s, airport passenger traffic was growing rapidly. The main reason for the growth was the ever-increasing popularity of holidays abroad; Spain became the main new destination. A new runway, apron and a control tower were built .
In the 1970s, passenger traffic approached one million passengers a year, the airport received category B, becoming a regional international airport. In the 1980s, investments were made in the organization of registration, catering and duty-free shops. In 2000, the airport was reconstructed at a cost of 27 million ft. Art., opened the reconstructed terminal of the then Prime Minister Tony Blair . The first low-cost airline at the airport was Go, which in 200 opened a flight to London Stansted Airport after the bankruptcy of the local airline Gill Airways. In 2001, a 49% stake in Newcastle Airport was acquired by Copenhagen Airport.
In August 2004, the reconstructed and expanded Departure Terminal was opened. The terminal was enlarged by 3,000 m², which housed new shops, cafes and 1,200 places for waiting. In July 2005, it was announced that American Airlines were supposed to start direct flights to New York John F. Kennedy Airport , but the airline abandoned these plans due to high fuel prices.
Newcastle became the first regional airport in the UK to have general-use self-service kiosks at the terminal, which allow passengers to check in directly without waiting in line at regular check-in counters. In 2006, a record number of passengers was transported - 5.4 million.
The rapid increase in passenger traffic led to an increase in the intensity of commercial use of the south side of the airport, which was originally used for general aviation . Today it is used for cargo, mail and corporate aviation. This is also due to problems that arise when using the same infrastructure with large and small airplanes, since large airplanes create powerful turbulent flows that can affect the operation of light aircraft. The master plan for the development of the airport provides for the expansion of the south side zone with the commissioning of facilities, a new hangar and apron. Newcastle Aviation Academy is also located here.
Emirates Airline was the first airline to launch long-haul scheduled flights from Newcastle. On September 1, 2007, the airline launched a daily direct flight to Dubai with the Airbus 330 , which was synchronized with other airline flights from the hub in Dubai. Thus, airport passengers have an alternative to flying through European hubs, such as Heathrow .
The construction of a new 4-star Ramada hotel with 187 rooms began in June 2007 and should be completed in the winter of 2008. In 2007, a gas station was opened.
Passenger traffic has grown over the past decade, reaching 5.43 million passengers in 2006 , more than double what it was 10 years ago.
|Passenger turnover ||Number of take-offs and landings ||Cargo|
|Source: United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority |
The airport has published a master plan that sets out proposals for the development of the airport until 2016 . In the near future it is planned to build a multi-storey car park to replace the existing short-term parking, build a hotel with 187 rooms  (construction is already underway), as well as increase cargo handling capacities in the southern part of the airport. Long-term development plans include the following activities:
- increase in the runway;
- the construction of the road crossing on highway A696;
- construction of railways that connect the airport with the National Rail network .
In October 2007 , the construction of a control tower was completed, which cost 8.2 million feet. Art., located in the northern part of the airfield. [five]
Plans were announced for the development of an office area south of the main airport runway. As a result, about 170 new jobs will be created. The airport expects an increase in airport capacity to 10 million passengers per year (twice the current capacity) by 2016, and up to 15 million by 2030.
The total investment from 2006 to 2016 should be about 70 million feet. Art.
The airport also recently completed an increase in long-distance parking for airplanes, resulting in an additional 5 parking lots that can use 5 large aircraft ( Boeing 737 or Airbus A320 sizes), or 4 large aircraft and 2 small aircraft (such as BAe Jetstream 41 ).
Tyne and Wear Metro Metro Station is directly connected to the terminal via an internal tunnel. The station is the northern terminus of the green line with frequent, direct flights to the centers of Newcastle upon Tyne (22 minutes) and Sunderland (55 minutes).
The airport is connected to road A1 with highway A696. Regular bus service ( 101 ) connects the airport with Newcastle (Kingston Park) and southeast Northumberland . Buses number ( X77 / X78 / X79 ), which go to the neighboring villages of Pontelend and Darras Hall, as well as to the center of Newcastle, will be consumed at half-hour intervals.
The main airport handling agents are Swissport and Servisair.
There are two hotels operating at the airport - Britannia Airport Hotel and Premier Inn , the third Ramada hotel with 190 rooms is currently under construction. There is also the Premier Inn in Collerton, near the general aviation terminal.
- Aer arann
- Aer lingus
- Air france
- Air southwest
- Air transat
- British airways
- Brussels airlines
- Cimber air
- Eastern airways
- KLM Royal Dutch Airlines
- SATA International
- Air malta
- Bh air
- Monarch airlines
- Mytravel airways
- Thomas Cook Airlines
- XL Airways
Freight and postal transportation
- Atlantic Airlines operator MNG Airlines
- FedEx Express operator Farnair
- UK AIP at NATS
- Passenger turnover, freight turnover and mail transportation are calculated for domestic and international flights, arrivals and departures.
- number of take-offs and landings is calculated per year.
- Hotel construction (inaccessible link)
- Newcastle International Airport ( 2006-05-23 ). Work on new £ 8.2m Air Traffic Control Tower takes-off. . Press release . Archived from the original on February 12, 2007. Retrieved 2007-02-12 . “Work has started today on Newcastle International Airport's multi-million pound construction to build a new state-of-the-art air traffic control tower.”