Aydın ( tur. Aydın ) - silt in southwest Turkey .
|History and geography|
|Square||7,922 km² (42nd place )|
|Timezone||UTC +2, in the summer UTC +3|
|Population||950,757 people ( 2009 ) ( 21st place )|
|Density||120.01 people / km² (18th place)|
|ISO 3166-2 code||TR-09|
|Telephone code||+90 256|
|Automat code numbers||09|
The territory of the Aydin silt in the west is washed by the Aegean Sea , a strait of less than 2 km separates the coast from the Greek island of Samos . Aydin silt borders with Mugla silt in the south, Denizli silt in the east, Manisa silt in the northeast, and Izmir silt in the north.
Most of the silt is located in the basin of the Bolshoi Menderes River (Buyuk-Menderes, in ancient times Meander).
In ancient times, the territory of silt was part of the region of Kariya .
The city of Aydin, the center of the province, was founded by the ancient inhabitants of Tarsus and had the name Thrallis. Due to the fact that the city was located in a seismic zone, it was destroyed and rebuilt many times. Many civilizations owned Aydin and its environs: Lydians, Phrygians, Spartans, Persians, Macedonians, Romans, Byzantines.
In 1186 , the Seljuk Turks seize the city from Byzantium; in the XIV century, it was conquered by the founder of the eponymous Beylik, Emir Aydin , in whose honor the city was renamed. 1466 the city becomes Ottoman.
Sandzak Aydin (1912) 
The population is 950,757 inhabitants (2009). Ethnic composition: Turks - 85%, Greeks - 11%, others - 4%.
The largest cities are Aydin , Nazilli , Söke .
Il Aydin consists of 17 districts (Ilche, Tur. Ilçe ):
- Aydın (Aydın)
- Bozdogan (Bozdoğan)
- Bukharkent (Buharkent)
- Chine (Çine)
- Germencik (Germencik)
- Kocharly (Koçarlı)
- Kusadasi (Kuşadası)
- Nazilli (Nazilli)
- Sultanhisar (Sultanhisar)
In the valley of Big Menderes, fruits are grown (the largest areas of figs in Turkey), olives , grains, fruits, cotton, tobacco.
Deposits of copper, iron and arsenic ores, lignite , brown coal .
Textile, food industry. Cement production.
In the province there are popular seaside resorts Didim and Kusadasi .
On the territory of silt excavations of the large ancient Greek city of Miletus are located .
- George Sotiriadis, An Ethnological Map Illustrating Hellenism in the Balkan Peninsula and Asia Minor, 1918