Seiyu ( Japanese 声優 Seiyu:, formed from Japanese 声 の 俳 優 - "voice actor") - Japanese voice actors  . Seiyu usually voiced the roles of characters in anime , video games , films , as well as on radio and television , or act as a narrator in radio shows and audio dramas. In addition, seiyuu voices are used in advertising, voice announcements, audio recordings of books and study materials, as well as for re-sounding . Many seiyu sing, respectively releasing records, both from anime soundtracks , and with material of solo creativity. Vocal audio recordings are also common in the composition of the Seiyu associations, otherwise the Seiyu units . There is a need in the Japanese anime industry and there is a separate industry for training, training and employment of seiyu  , since Japan produces about 60% of animated series in the world  .
The emergence of the seiyu industry is associated with the name of Marie Iijima , who voiced the main character of the television series " Hyperspace Fortress Macross "  . Since the 1980s, the Japanese press writing about anime has begun to pay attention to the activities of Seiyu. The English term character voice and the abbreviation CV ( Russian “character voice” ), indicating the voice of the voice actor voicing the character, is believed to have been proposed in the late 1980s by the deputy editor-in-chief of the Japanese magazine Animec, Shinichiro Inoue ( 井上 伸 一郎 Inoue Shinichiro :) and were first used in the Newtype magazine by Kadokawa  . The Western press began writing about seiyu since the 1990s, following their increased popularity  .
Description of the profession and cultural phenomena
Unlike all other countries and animation schools of the world, where theater, film and television actors are usually invited to voice characters of animated films, in Japan the voice actor is a separate and quite respected profession with its subtleties. There are special training courses for seiyu, which are difficult to get into because of the large competition  . In future seiyu courses, they are taught to professionally handle their voice - to change it depending on the age, gender and mood of the character. Students, among other things, are taught to sing professionally. The training program, therefore, is a combination of acting and vocal skills.
Most seiyuu are women, since the need for female voices in the industry is higher - they voice, in addition to the female roles, children's and sometimes teenage male roles  .
Many seiyuu, in addition to sounding anime, simultaneously make a pop career,  play radio shows, broadcast television and radio programs, and duplicate foreign films. Scoring anime in itself does not provide enough income  .
The participation of the seiyu (especially leading actors) in some anime series often does not end with their voicing of roles in this anime. After the actual TV series, additional bonus series, or individual OVA series, can be released on DVD . Following (or at the same time) showing the anime on television, radio (or Internet radio) broadcasts can take place, where they take part (usually on their own behalf, and not on behalf of their characters) who play the main roles of seiyuu. According to the plot of the anime, computer games can be created and / or a Drama CD is recorded, where they are also often (though not always) invited to voice the roles of the same actors as in the anime. In addition, after the anime is released, CDs with musical compositions from there ( OST ) usually come out and often also with additional works, for example, with songs of characters (usually called Character CD ), where these songs are played with the corresponding roles of Seiyu  [9 ] [9 ] ] .
Sometimes seiyuu also perform songs in opening and / or closing anime screensavers ( opening / ending ). They can perform such songs solo, or at the time of work on the series they can create pop groups (called sayu units ) to perform songs that will sound in them and, of course, not least for additional advertising of the series.
- Voice actor
- Japanese idol
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