Kumamoto Castle ( 熊 本 城 Kumamoto-jo:) - an ancient plain type castle in the city of Kumamoto , Kumamoto Prefecture (formerly Higo Province), Japan . Also known by the name "Ginkgo Castle" ( п 城 то ito-jo:) or "Raven Castle" ( 烏 城-u -jo:) .
|jap. 熊 本 城|
The main tower of the castle
|Building||1601 - 1607 years|
|Date of Abolition|
Kumamoto Castle is included in the list of national treasures of Japan .
Initially, in the territory of the future castle there was a small fort built between 1469 and 1487.
For more than seven years (from 1601 to 1607 ), the fort was rebuilt and expanded by order of daimyo Kato Kiyomasa . During the construction, Kato used the knowledge gained during the war with Korea - the castle was surrounded by a fortification wall with a total length of 13 km, 120 wells with drinking water were dug for the needs of the garrison, walnut trees were planted.  After 50 years, the castle passed into the possession of the rulers of the Higo province - the Hosokawa clan.
After the Meiji restoration in 1874, the castle was no longer used. In 1877, during the Satsum uprising, after a fifty-day siege, the castle was captured, part of the castle burned down, only the stone foundation and Uto tower were preserved.
In 1960, the castle was restored, the main tower of the castle was restored using reinforced concrete . The area of the restored castle is much smaller than the original, but even now it is 760 thousand m². 
Currently, the castle is used as a museum . The exhibits are clothing, weapons and samurai armor .
The walls of the castle were seriously damaged by the earthquake on Kyushu Island on April 14, 2016 . 
- List of castles in Japan
- Stephen Turnbull. Japanese castles. 1540-1640 = Japanese Castles 1540-1640. - Osprey Publishing, 2003 .-- S. 59. - 64 p. - ISBN 1-84176-429-9 .
- The “Meet Kumamoto Prefecture” article (inaccessible link) on Japan today
- Japan's medieval Kumamoto Castle damaged in an earthquake in Japan
- Official site of the castle (jap.)