Severodonetsk trolleybus ( Ukrainian: Sєvєrodonetsk trolleybus ) is a trolleybus system in the city of Severodonetsk . Trolleybus traffic in Severodonetsk was opened on January 1, 1978 . Severodonetsk trolleybuses operated on 5 city routes, covering almost all parts of the city. The fare in trolley buses was 2 hryvnia. According to the opening date, it is the 201st trolleybus system in the world, 129th in the USSR and 36th in Ukraine.
|Severodonetsk trolley bus|
|opening date||January 1, 1978|
|Number of routes||6|
|Contact network length||54.5 km|
|Total route length||81.2 km|
|Number of trolleybus fleets||one|
|Number of trolleybuses||36|
|Models of operated trolleybuses||ZiU-682 , Dnepr-E187 YuMZ-T2 , ZiU-682G-016.03 , KTG-1 , AKSM-32100A , YuMZ-T1R|
|Fare||4 hryvnias .|
|Shipping company||KP "Severodonetsk trolleybus management"|
|The site of the company||sd.ua/stu|
- 1 Fare
- 2 existing routes
- 3 Prospects and new routes
- 4 Route Description
- 5 History of trolleybus routes
- 6 History of the trolley bus
- 7 Rolling stock
- 7.1 Trolleybus paint schemes
- 7.2 Service trolleybuses
- 8 Energy Service
- 8.1 Contact network
- 8.2 Traction substations and supply lines
- 9 Trolleybus depot
- 10 Links
Passengers of a trolleybus pay for the journey by purchasing a subscription coupon from the conductor, directly in the passenger compartment of the rolling stock. The right of free travel is for pensioners and citizens of privileged categories.
The fare in trolley buses is 4 hryvnia.
- From 1978 to 1998, fare was paid by buying a subscription ticket at stopping pavilions, at all points of sale of the Soyuzpechat kiosk, at the bus station and at the airport ticket offices.
- Since 1998, passengers of the trolleybus have paid for the journey by buying a one-time ticket from the conductor.
|Route||Description of routes|
|Number 1||“Ozernaya” - “Plant Management” (at rush hour to Koltsevaya (Azot plant))|
|Number 2||STU - “Plant Management” (at rush hour to Koltsevaya (Azot plant))|
|Number 5||SPZ (new areas) - Zavodoopravlenie (at rush hour to Koltsevaya (Azot plant))|
|No. 6A||STU - passage "Ammonia"|
|Number 6||STU - Severnaya (Fiberglass Plant)|
- The maximum number of routes was 8 (from 1991 to 1993.)
Prospects and New Routes
In Soviet times, there were plans for the development and construction of new lines. In 1990, the following routes were designed:
|Route||Description of routes|
|Number 3||Severodonetsk - Lysychansk|
|Number 10||Severodonetsk - Rubezhnoe|
|Number 7||Bus Station - Airport|
|Number 8||GIAP - pos. Shchedrischevo|
|Number 9||SDR - town. Metelkino - town. Voronovo|
- No. 3 - the intercity route "Severodonetsk - Lysychansk", was planned in connection with the plans for the construction of a railway station in Severodonetsk.
- Route number 1
Start at the Ozernaya trolleybus ring, then continue down the street. Kurchatov to the "Cunning" market, on the street. Kurchatov to the Stroiteley highway, along the highway to the bus station and along Khimikov Avenue to the central market, then along the avenue to the Stroiteley recreation center, to Azot and the second passage, the Koltsevaya final stop.
- Route number 2
Start - Severodonetsk TU (STU), then follows on the street. Vilisova to Gvardeysky Prospekt, along the avenue to the “Tricky” market (Kurchatova St.), then the cathedral, institute, the Square of Glory, Victory Square (TC “Mir”), TC “Gorodok”, stop “MREO”, then MREO, “ Plant Management ", the second passage" Azot ", the final stop" Ring ".
- Route number 3 (1980-1993) - closed
From the new areas of the Severodonetsk Instrument-Making Plant (SPZ), then along Tsentralny Avenue (formerly Sovetsky) to Gvardeisky Avenue (stop “Pobedy Square”, “Impulse”), then Shopping Center “Gorodok” (formerly Aeroflot Agency), stop “MREO” (formerly Avtobaza), then Dok, Zavodoopravlenie, the second Azot pass-through, and the Koltsevaya final stop.
- Route number 4 - closed
STU, then on the street Vilisova to Guards Avenue, then along the street. Kurchatov, trolleybus ring "Lake", st. Novikova, Central Avenue, pl. Victory (shopping center "Mir"), the movie theater "Contemporary", DC Builders, collegium, Peace Square, DC "Chemists".
- Route number 5
SPZ (new areas), st. Novikov, Ice Palace, on the street. Novikov past the Amstor shopping center, the Ozernaya trolleybus ring, then along ul. Kurchatov to the "Cunning" market, on the street. Kurchatov to the Stroiteley highway, along the highway to the bus station and along Khimikov Avenue to the central market, then along the avenue to the Stroiteley recreation center, to Azot and the second passage, the Koltsevaya final stop.
- Route number 6
STU, then on the street Vilisova to Guards Avenue, along the avenue to the “Tricky” market (Kurchatova St.), then the cathedral, institute, Square of Glory, Victory Square (shopping center “Mir”), shopping center “Gorodok”, treatment plant “Nops”, “South entrance ”, Then Severodonetsk Chemical and Metallurgical Plant (SHMZ), then“ Ammonia ”,“ Sebacic acid workshop ”,“ 7th checkpoint ”,“ Experimental plant ”,“ Fiberglass plastic ”and the final stop“ Severnaya ”(reinforced concrete).
- Route No. A (6A)
STU, then on the street Vilisova to Guards Avenue, along the avenue to the “Tricky” market (Kurchatova St.), then the cathedral, institute, Square of Glory, Victory Square (shopping center “Mir”), shopping center “Gorodok”, treatment plant “Nops”, “South entrance ", SHMZ, final stop" Ammonia ".
- Route number 7 (1990-1993) - closed
SPZ (new areas), Ice Palace, Central Avenue (formerly Sovetsky) to Gvardeysky Avenue (stops (Pobedy Square, Impulse), then Gorodok shopping center, Nops, Yuzhnaya checkpoint, then Severodonetsk Chemical and Metallurgical Plant (SHMZ), then Ammonia, Sebacic Acid Workshop, 7th Passage, Pilot Plant, Fiberglass and the Severnaya terminal station (reinforced concrete).
Trolleybus route history
From June 2019, routes 1,2 and 5 were reduced to the plant management (1 passage of Azot), but during peak hours they go to Koltsevaya (2 passage of Azot)
(from January 1, 1978 to May 25, 1978)
- Bus station - Komsomolsky prospect - stop Ring SPO "AZOT"
(from May 25, 1978 to August 1, 1980)
- Polyclinic SPZ (now Polyclinic № 2) - Komsomolsky prospect - stop Ring SPO "AZOT"
(from August 1, 1980)
- Clean Lake (now Ozernaya) - Komsomolsky Ave. (now Prospect Khimikov) - stop. Ring SPO "AZOT"
No. 2 (since May 16, 1979)
- Trolleybus management - Guards Ave. - stop Ring SPO "AZOT"
(No. 3) (from July 19, 1980 to February 10, 1983.)
- Trolleybus management - Guards Ave. - Ice Palace - stop. Ring SPO "AZOT"
(from February 10, 1983 to May 25, 1985.)
- Ice Palace - Guards Ave. - stop Ring SPO "AZOT"
(from May 25, 1985 to November 7, 1988.)
- SPZ - st. Novikova - Guards Ave. - stop Ring SPO "AZOT"
(from November 7, 1988 to July 16, 1993)
- Trolleybus management —— st. Kurchatov - st. Novikova - Soviet Ave. - Guards Ave. - stop Ring SPO "AZOT"
No. 4 (from May 6, 1984 to May 25, 1985)
- Ice Palace - Soviet Ave. - DK Chemists
(from May 25, 1985 to September 29, 2018)
- SPZ - Soviet Ave. - DK Chemists
(from September 29, 2018)
- Trolleybus management - ul. Kurchatov - st. Novikova - Central Ave. - DK Chemists
No. 5 (from May 25, 1985 to April 30, 1995)
- SPZ - st. Novikova - st. Kurchatov - Voroshilovgrad highway (now the Builders highway) - Bus station
(since April 30, 1995)
- SPZ - st. Novikova - st. Kurchatov - Stroiteley highway - Bus station - ave. Chemists - st. Pivovarova - stop. Ring SPO "AZOT"
No. 6 (from August 16, 1986 to November 10, 1989)
- Trolleybus management - Guards Ave. - SHMZ - “Ammonia”.
(since November 10, 1989)
- Trolleybus management - Guards Ave. - SHMZ - “Ammonia” - Pilot plant - “Fiberglass” - North “Fiberglass”.
No. A (6A)
In the 90s, it was used during peak hours as No. 6A (Ammonia) - a shortened route No. 6 . In subsequent years, it became de facto one of the routes of the city, de jure it does not appear in the route register.
(since June 8, 1996)
- Trolleybus management - Guards Ave. - SHMZ - “Ammonia”.
(No. 7) (from February 20, 1990 to September 1, 1993)
- SPZ - Ice Palace - Guards Ave. - SHMZ - “Ammonia” - Pilot plant - “Fiberglass” - North “Fiberglass”.
On January 1, 1978, the first trolley bus drove through the streets of Severodonetsk. The first was the route from the street. Prizavodskaya (Pivovarova) to the Bus Station, five trolleybuses ran along it. Since 1979, the trolleybus network has been developing dynamically and now covers the entire city. By the end of 1979, there were 45 ZIU-682V vehicles in the park. Trolleybuses were launched along route No. 1 (SPO “AZOT” - Clean Lake) and along route No. 2 (ring depot STU –SPO “AZOT”).
In 1980, route No. 3 was opened (SDR - SPO “AZOT”). In 1984, the park already had 66 trolleybuses, and route No. 3 was extended from the SDR (new areas) to the STU ring depot. In 1985, route No. 4 was opened (SPZ new areas - D / k Chemists). From 1979 to 1985 the park was replenished with ZiU-682V trolleybuses, in 1985 the park was replenished with 10 new ZiU-682VOO trolleybuses; at the same time, 6 ZiU-682V trolleybuses were decommissioned. From 1985 to 1986, the park was replenished with ZiU-682VOO trolleybuses. In 1985, route No. 5 was introduced (SDR new areas - Bus Station).
From 1986 to 1988, the fleet was replenished with trolleybuses ZiU-682VOO and VOA. In 1986, route No. 6 was introduced (STU ring depot - SPO “AZOT”). In 1990, route 7 was introduced (SPZ - Fiberglass).
From 1989 to 1991, the ZiU-682V was decommissioned. In 1989, the park was replenished with KTG-1 trolleybuses. In 1989, one ZiU-682V was transferred to Khartsyzsk and more than 3 ZiU-682Vs were transferred to Artyomovsk.
In 1991, the fleet totaled 121 cars. In 1993, the fleet was replenished with 5 new ZiU-682GOO trolleybuses; these were the last ZiU received in Severodonetsk. In 1993, the park was replenished with a new trolleybus UMZ T1, a gift to the city was made by Severodonetsk TPP. In 1993, route No. 3 was closed and route No. 5 was extended (Bus Station - “SPO AZOT”). From 1993 to 1995, 10 ZiU-682V and KTG-1 trolley buses were written off. From 1994 to 1995, the fleet replenished with new trolleybuses YuMZ T1.
In 2001, the city allocated UAH 100 thousand to repair the bodies of 5 ZiU-682V00 and V0A trolleybuses, which underwent a complete overhaul at the Belotserkovsky Aircraft Repair Plant. In 2002, the park received from Kiev a trolleybus UMZ T2 (1996 release). It was a gift before the elections to the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine from the mayor of Kiev Omelchenko. In 2005, the fleet replenished with a new trolleybus UMZ T2. It was the first new trolleybus in Severodonetsk in 10 years. In 2006, the fleet replenished with two new trolleybuses YuMZ T2 and YuMZ T2.09 (mountain). In October 2006, after a 14 year hiatus, the fleet replenished with two new trolleybuses from Russia. These were trolleybuses of the TrolZ plant (former ZiU) ZiU-682G.016.03. In autumn 2008, two new trolleybuses from Dnipropetrovsk, Dnipro E-187, entered the Severodonetsk trolleybus department. In 2008, the park received from Kiev two trolleybuses UMZ T2 (2000). It was a gift from the mayor of Kiev Chernovetsky. February 27, 2009 in the Severodonetsk trolleybus control received a new trolleybus UMZ T2 - the first trolleybus with a transistor control system (TRSU). On May 15, 2010, the fleet received another batch of trolleybuses from Kiev, two UMZ T2 trolleybuses (produced in 2000). In 2011, the fleet was replenished with 10 new Belkommunmash AKSM-32100A Belarusian-made trolleybuses purchased by PJSC SPO AZOT. In the period from November 14 to 29, 2018, the trolley bus was temporarily discontinued due to a debt of UAH 956,796 to LLC LEO (Lugansk Energy Association).
As of January 1, 2016, the park has 36 trolley buses. The total length of the routes is 81.2 km, with 89 stops.
- ZiU-9 from 1978 to 1993 was the only type of rolling stock.
- From 1993 to 2008, articulated trolleybuses YuMZ T1 were operated.
- From 1993 to 2012, ZiU-682G00 trolleybuses were operated.
- Since 2002, UMZ T2 trolleybuses began to operate, in 2010 their number reached 9 units.
- In 2011, trolleybuses of the AKSM-32100A type began to operate.
- The maximum number of trolleybuses was more than 100 from 1990 to 1995.
|Trolleybus brand||Quantity for today / for all years||Park numbers||Start of operation in Severodonetsk|
|ZiU-682V||0/66||001-066||from 1978 to 2001.|
|ZiU-682V00||5/48||097 098 107 109 112||from 1985 to the present at.|
|ZiU-682V0A||5/17||110,113,114,117,119||from 1989 to the present at.|
|ZiU-682G00||0/5||130-134||from 1993 to 2012.|
|ZiU-682G-016.03||2/2||135-136||from 2006 to present at.|
|Dnepr-E187||2/2||137-138||from 2008 to the present at.|
|CTG-1||1/3||TG-1, TG-2,555||from 1978 to the present at.|
|YuMZ T1||0/3||201-203||from 1993 to 2008.|
|YuMZ T1R||2/3||202,203||from 2003 to the present at.|
|YuMZ T2||9/9||501,502,504,505,506,507,508,509,510||from 2002 to the present at.|
|YuMZ T2.09||1/1||503||from 2006 to present at.|
|AKSM-32100A||10/10||401-410||from 2011 to the present at.|
|Used trolleybuses from other cities received||City||Number received||Park numbers||Exploitation|
|YuMZ T2||Kiev||5||501,506,507,509,510||from 2002 to the present at.|
Trolleybus paint schemes
The first trolleybuses that opened traffic in the city were the ZiU factory. The first batch of 10 trolleybuses arrived was painted in light yellow. The rest of the cars received were painted white or cream color with a red “skirt”. There were also some cars painted white with a green “skirt”. In the late 1980s, factory coloring changed. The new ZiU trolleybus models began to be painted white with a wide strip running along the body. The color of the strip was different, depending on the batch of cars - red, blue, blue, green. Trolleybuses in this color arrived at the depot until 1993.
The first YuMZ-T1 trolleybus arrived in 1993 was orange with a white stripe under the windows and a gray “skirt”, doors were also painted gray, two other YuMZ entered the depot from 1994 to 1995 were painted blue and gray with a white stripe under the windows. In 1995, the first commercial advertisement appeared on the ZiU-682V0A No. 112 trolleybus - it was an Obolon beer advertisement, but in 1998 the trolleybus burned out due to a wiring shortage (the trolleybus burned in 2002 and was later repaired. The closure was in the servomotor ) In the late 90s, trolleybuses looked awful. Burnt paint and rusty drips on the body were on almost every trolley bus, there was barely enough money to paint 3-4 trolley buses a year. But with a fleet of 76 units, it was a drop in the bucket, and commercial advertising was not yet a mass phenomenon, and entrepreneurs themselves were reluctant to do so.
In 2000, the ZiU-682B00 and B0A trolleybuses that underwent a major overhaul at BARZ (Belotserkovsky Aircraft Repair Plant) were painted completely white with a blue “skirt” and narrow blue stripes in the center of the body. In this color, trolleybuses worked for 4 years, after which they were repainted in commercial advertising. The only trolleybus that has retained BARZ's factory color today is ZiU-682B0A No. 110. Since 2004, all trolleybuses have been regularly painted and returned to their factory color - white with a wide strip of red, blue, blue, green. In the summer of 2008, by the City Day, the sports team “Easy!” Painted one of the city trolley buses, ZiU-682V0A No. 114, in graffiti style. Also at the end of 2008, the ZiU-682V00 No. 098 trolleybus was painted in the colors of the national flag of Ukraine. In 2011, the AKSM-32100A trolleybuses arrived, these trolleybuses are painted white with a green "skirt", there are only three such cars, all the rest have a light green body color. Since all of these trolleybuses were purchased at the expense of Severodonetsk Azot Association and Nadra Bank, they were pasted with commercial advertising. Also in the summer of 2011, after undergoing a scheduled repair, the UMZ-T1R (T2P) trolleybus No. 201 was painted in the colors of the national flag of Ukraine, so the city now has two trolleybuses painted in state symbols.
Today, trolleybuses work both in the factory and in advertising colors, and one of them is in the style of graffiti.
The first service trolleybuses of the Severodonetsk depot were, like in many cities of the USSR, the KTG (cargo trolleybus). These two trolleybuses arrived at the depot at the end of 1978 and were used as freight trolleybuses for transporting finished products from enterprises to city warehouses or railway stations, and at night they often took glass containers from stores. They worked as freight trolleybuses in the depot until 1994. Also, one CTG since 1986 worked as technical assistance. Since 1995, these trolleybuses began to fulfill the function of towing trolleybuses from the place of breakdown. Since 1978, 3 such trolleybuses have been credited to the depot balance, the last one arrived in 1989. The first two CTGs were deducted from the balance sheet in 2000 and one of them became a metal warehouse on the territory of the depot. Since 1998, at the last CTG, there is no internal combustion engine for operation in places that do not have a contact network. He was decommissioned after the "watermelon" incident. In 1997, STU workers went to the suburbs - to the village of Smolyaninovo - for watermelons, deciding to steal 20 watermelons at night. They arrived at the watermelon field and began to store watermelons in the trolleybus body. But the locals who saw the trolley in the field were surprised not by the theft of watermelons, but by the presence of a trolley in the field. All the villagers came running to see this show, and after that the police arrived. The next day, the entire depot management knew about it, and in winter, during a scheduled repair, it was decided to remove the internal combustion engine from the trolley so that there would be no more such incidents.
A training machine was created on the basis of the ZiU-682V No. 001 trolleybus, and a buffet trolleybus was created on the basis of the ZiU-682V No. 005 trolleybus. The trolley bus buffet worked for only 7 years and it mainly served route No. 6. But the decision of the depot to create a control center and a canteen at the Severnaya terminus led to the elimination of such a trolley bus. The only long-liver in the form of an official ZiU was ZiU-682V No. 001. He worked for 15 years as a training machine and was going to make it a museum machine, but due to lack of money and a number of problems, the car was written off in a depot in 2001. Since that time, Severodonetsk finally completed the operation of trolleybuses of the ZiU-682V model.
The contact network in the city is 54.5 km long, of which about 7.5 km in service (2.5 km in the depot and 5 km of route No. 4). The types of suspension of the contact network that are most common: a simple uncompensated suspension on flexible crossbars and a longitudinal-chain suspension on a bracket. For branching and crossing lines, the following are used: controlled arrows of the STU-5 type, similar arrows of the STS-5, intersections of the MPI-5.
Traction substations and supply lines
There are six traction substations in the city. Substation No. 6 did not work from 2000 to 2008 due to a malfunction; at the end of 2008 it was restored, as the number of trolley buses increased on route No. 6. The supply lines of the contact network are completely made in the form of underground cables. Power supply of substations is carried out by cable lines of 6 kV.
- Traction Substation No. 1 - Put into operation in 1978.
- Traction substation No. 2 - Put into operation in 1978.
- Traction substation No. 3 - Put into operation in 1980.
- Traction Substation No. 4 - Put into operation in 1985.
- Traction substation No. 5 - Put into operation in 1986.
- Traction substation No. 6 - Put into operation in 1989.
|Body painting of a trolley bus in advertising||Inspection pit and workshop TO-2||Polygon|
- Depot No. 1 for 100 cars was put into operation in 1978.
In the depot there are 3 travel inspection pits for 10 trolley buses and 2 repair boxes for 5 trolley buses. There is also a paint shop, but it has not been used since the mid-90s. Since the 90s, the base for the overhaul of trolley buses has been operating in the depot; there is also a combined box for cars of the contact network for 4 cars.
- Depot project No. 2 - It was planned to build in 1992.
It was supposed to serve promising routes: 3, 7, 8, 9, 10.
Capacity for 100 cars. The construction of the depot begun in 1990 was suspended in 1992, an attempt to restore the construction of the depot in 1994 did not lead to anything. In the depot, it was planned to build 4 travel inspection pits for 20 trolley buses and 3 repair boxes for 10 trolley buses, a paint shop for 6 cars, and also a separate garage for cars of the contact network for 5 cars.