Minsk is a heavy aircraft-carrying cruiser of project 1143.2 of the USSR Navy , and later the Russian Navy . It was developed at the Nevsky Design Bureau under the leadership of the chief designer A.V. Marynich . The second ship in the series, serial number 102. During the construction, the experience of building TAKR "Kiev" was taken into account and a number of restrictions of the chief designer were canceled, in particular, on launch weight.
|Heavy aircraft cruiser Minsk|
Heavy aircraft cruiser Minsk, 1983
| the USSR|
|Class and type of vessel||heavy aircraft carrier cruiser|
|Port of registry||Pacific (Fokino)|
|Organization||USSR Pacific Fleet|
|Manufacturer||USSR Black Sea Shipbuilding Plant|
|Construction started||December 28, 1972|
|Launched||September 30, 1975|
|Commissioned||September 27, 1978|
|Withdrawn from the fleet||June 30, 1993|
|Displacement||30 535 t full |
41 380 t standard 
on waterline - 236 m 
|Width||31.0 m (on design waterline)|
51.2 m (flight deck width) 
|Draft||8.94 m |
|Power||4 × 35 500 l. with.|
|Speed||32 knots (59 km / h )|
|Crew||1435 people, including 430 people of the air group|
|Artillery||2 × 2 76.2 mm AK-726|
|Flak||8 × 6 AK-630|
|Missile weapons||4 × 2 launchers PKRK P-500 “Basalt” ,|
2 × SAM "Storm"
|Anti-submarine weapons||2 × 10 RBU-12000|
|Aviation group||16 aircraft, 18 helicopters|
The crew of the cruiser - military unit 69133.
March 28, 1972 was added to the lists of ships of the Navy of the USSR and on December 28 it was laid down at the Black Sea Shipbuilding Plant No. 444 in Nikolaev .
On September 30, 1975, the ship was launched, unlike the TAKR “Kiev”, with a superstructure that was completely mounted in height.
From October 15, 1977 to February 18, 1978 they passed mooring tests.
On February 19, the USSR Naval flag was first hoisted.
On February 21, the ship left for Sevastopol, where after 3 days factory sea trials began.
On May 5, state trials began.
September 27, 1978 the ship went into operation and was temporarily assigned to the 30th division of anti-submarine ships of the Red Banner Black Sea Fleet.
In November 1978, he was included in the Pacific Fleet .
January 13, 1979 he was included in the 175th brigade of missile ships of the Red Banner Pacific Fleet.
In February-July 1979, the ship made the transition from Sevastopol around Africa to Vladivostok with calls to Luanda , Maputo , Port Louis , Aden .
In the fall of 1980, a military campaign in Vietnam, the port of Cam Ranh .
From 1986 to 1988, senior assistant to the commander, from 1990 to 1992, the commander of the TAKR "Minsk" served as Vladimir Vysotsky , future admiral and Commander- in -Chief of the Russian Navy from 2007 to 2012.
During military service campaigns in December 1982, TAKR Minsk visited Bombay , and in July 1986, Wonsan .
Since the beginning of 1991, the preparation of TAKR Minsk began to move to Nikolaev at the Black Sea Shipbuilding Plant for urgent secondary repairs, which were never carried out. In 1993, a decision was made to disarm the ship, to expel it from the Russian Navy with the transfer to the OFI for dismantling and sale. In August 1994, after the solemn descent of the St. Andrew flag, the crew of the ship was disbanded.
At the end of 1995, the ship was towed to South Korea to cut its hull for metal. Later, the ship was resold in Shenzhen to the Chinese company Minsk Aircraft Carrier Industry Co Ltd. In 2006, when the company went bankrupt, the ship became part of the Minsk World military park in Shenzhen .
March 22, 2006 the ship was put up for auction, but no buyers. On May 31, 2006, the ship was auctioned again and sold for 128 million yuan .
Until February 2016, the Minsk World theme park, created on the basis of the ship, was located in Shenzhen. Then the park was closed, and the ship was towed to Zhoushan for repair, after which it, according to the owners, will be moved to a new theme park in Nantong.
- Wikimedia Commons has media related to Minsk (aircraft carrier cruiser)
- Wikimedia Commons has media related to Minsk World
- Projects TAKR - 1143 - KIEV. MINSK. Project TAKR - 11433 (1433M) - NOVOROSSIYSK. - Archive - Detailed descriptions.
- Project TAKR - 11433 (1433M) - NEW RUSSIAN. - Archive - Detailed descriptions.
- Project TAKR 1143.4 - BAKU - ADMIRAL GORSHKOV Archive. - Detailed description of the project.
- TAKR "Minsk" on the page "Modern Aviation of Russia"
- Minsk on Google Maps