Matvey Stepanovich Pushkin ( c. 1630 - 1706 ) - steward ( 1658 ), okolnichy ( 1678 ), boyar ( 1682 ) and the voivode . In the reign of Fyodor Alekseevich, he was one of the most prominent figures of his time.
|Nikita Mikhailovich Pushkin|
|Date of Birth||about 1630|
|Date of death||1706|
|Occupation||nobleman of Moscow , okolnichy , voivode|
|Father||Stepan Gavrilovich Pushkin|
|Mother||Elena Danilovna Pushkina|
1) Praskovya Timofeevna Lodygina2) Princess Anna Stepanovna Dolgorukova
|Children||Fedor Matveyevich Pushkin|
The representative of the noble family of Pushkins . The eldest son of Okolnichy and voivode Stepan Gavrilovich Pushkin (died 1656 ). The younger brother is the boyar Yakov Stepanovich Pushkin (died 1699 ).
It is not clear why Aleksei Mikhailovich , who belonged to Pushkin very favorably, didn’t allow Matvey Stepanovich into the Duma for a long time, who in 1649 was a nobleman at the authorized embassy in Poland, still a young man with the rank of stolnik . and performed various responsible assignments.
In 1654 - 1655 , during the Polish War , he was the captain of Czar Alexei Mikhailovich , and in 1655 he was sent "with the sovereign's saluted word and ask about health" the boyar and the governor of the Prince. Alexey Nikitich Trubetskoy . In 1656, Pushkin had to go to meet the boyar Vasily Vasilyevich Buturlin , who was returning from Little Russia, with a gracious word, but since Buturlin died dear, two co-operatives were sent to his comrades instead of Pushkin. In 1659 he traveled to Bykhov to the okolnichy and voivode of Prince. Ivan Ivanovich Lobanov-Rostovsky with comrades and to military people, with a gracious royal word, and ask about health, and with gold. In 1661 he executed the same commission in relation to the book. Grigory Semenovich Kurakin , who was in Sevsk . From 1655 to 1663, Pushkin was often a scab in the receptions of the Georgian king Teimuraz I , the Imeretian king Alexander, various envoys, ambassadors and messengers. In the same year, he constantly stood at the emperor's table at all the gala dinners, not only in the Faceted Chamber , but also at the patriarch, when Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich dined there. In 1658, he presented the tsar with the "Tale of Nikon the Patriarch", and in February 1660 he was sent by the king to the Monastery of the Cross to Patriarch Nikon , to ask him for a written blessing to elect a new patriarch. In 1661 he was at a meeting of the ambassadors of the German emperor, outside the Tver gates, in Moscow; in 1667, he was one of the bailiffs when the king received Polish and Swedish ambassadors; in 1668, he was granted a courtesy; in 1669 he spent and spent the night at the tomb of Tsarevich Simeon Alekseevich, and in 1670 at the tomb of tsarevich Alexei Alekseevich.
Filed in April 1674 in Okolnichie, Matvey Stepanovich was ambassador to Poland the following year, and in 1683 he was granted nobles.
In 1672-1675 he was the second commander in Smolensk ; January 15, 1675, among others, was on the "arrival" of the sovereign, and he was granted the title of governor of Alatyr. On February 11 of the same year, the boyar Artamon Sergeevich Matveev announced, by the Tsar's decree, the boyar Prince. Alexei Andreyevich Golitsyn and Pushkin, so that the next day they would be at the Tsar's “hand” and then immediately go to the service in Kiev . On March 7 of the same year, they were ordered, “for the Crimean news,” to stand in Sevsk. At the beginning of 1678, for the defense of Kiev and other Little Russian cities, the book was sent. Mikhail Alegukovich Cherkassky with a large regiment; comrades appointed to him: boyar Peter V. Sheremetev , Pushkin and okolnichy Semen Fedorovich Tolochanov, who commanded the Sevsky regiment, which was to become part of a large regiment. At the end of 1678, Pushkin was in Moscow, accompanied the tsar in his pious "campaigns" around Moscow monasteries, and on October 22 he participated in the procession. In 1679–80 He was a commander in Astrakhan. In 1682, Pushkin signed a conciliar act on the destruction of regionalism ; In the same year, at the wedding ceremony of the kingdom of John and Peter Alekseevich, he carried scepters with Ivan Ivanovich Chaadaev , and in the Assumption Cathedral , during the wedding rite, held "apples" (that is, the king's powers). In 1684, Pushkin was a voivod in Smolensk along with Boris Buturlin. This year in Poland there was an ambassadorial congress, which was attended by pr. Yakov Nikitich Odoyevsky , and Pushkin had to take care of giving out different supplies to those who served in the service at the book. Odoevsky. Pushkin was apparently in a lively correspondence with the book. Odoyevsky, and with one of his formal replies, he transmitted to him, for presentation to the Polish commissars, several notebooks in which insults were caused by Poles to the inhabitants of Smolensk and his county. All news about events abroad were sent to the Ambassadorial order by Smolensk voivods Pushkin and Boris Buturlin, who received them in sealed packages from the steward, Nazariy Kraevsky. In 1684–89 Pushkin accompanied the kings John and Peter on a pilgrimage to various monasteries, and in 1690–93. participated in the processions. In 1685 he was the head of the Vladimir Order , in 1693 he was the chief judge in the Order of the Kazan Palace , in 1696 he spent and spent the night at the tomb of Tsar John Alekseevich, on February 20, 1697 he was appointed to Azov , but he was not sent to the province , since on March 28 of the same year he was announced from the Transfiguration of the Order a nominal decree depriving him of his boyar honor and exile with his wife and grandson to Yeniseisk .
After the death of Tsar Fedor, Matthew Stepanovich failed to take the right course of behavior in the complex binding of palace coups, and his brilliantly started career was, in effect, over. His service in the voivodeship in Smolensk and Kiev was essentially an honorable removal from Moscow. In 1690 he was appointed to be in charge of the Raspavnaya Chamber , that is, in essence, he was removed from the business. Finally, in 1697, Matvey Stepanovich, involved in the work of Alexei Sokovnin in connection with the execution of his son, the steward, Fyodor, was deprived of the boyars and of all estates and exiled to Yeniseisk .
Family and children
1st wife - Praskovya Timofeevna Lodygina (? - 1684 )
The 2nd wife is Princess Anna Stepanovna Dolgorukov (? - 1715 ), the daughter of Prince Stepan Vasilievich Dolgorukov .
The only son - Fedor Matveyevich Pushkin (? - 1697 ), the steward (1676), was hanged for participating in a conspiracy against Tsar Peter the Great .
- Korsakova V. Pushkin, Matvey Stepanovich // Russian biographical dictionary : in 25 volumes. - SPb. - M. , 1896-1918.
- Veselovsky S. B. The genus and ancestors of A. S. Pushkin in history. - M. , 1990. - p. 214.
- Pushkin (the younger branch, the descendants of Konstantin G. Pushkin)