War Ordinary - a territorial unit in the Roman Catholic Church , equated to the diocese . Military ordinaries are created for pastoral care of Catholic Catholics.
Most military ordinaries are not part of the diocesan structure and, in both Latin and Eastern rites , report directly to the pope . The military ordinate is headed by a prelate , usually a titular or diocesan bishop .
By rank, the military ordinate usually corresponds to the apostolic vicariate . In those countries where a large number of Catholics are in military service, the military ordinate has the rank of diocese, but does not manage parishes of territorial jurisdiction. In the armed forces of Brazil , Italy and the United States, the military ordinate has the rank of archdiocese and is headed by the archbishop .
As of early 2011, there are 36 military ordinaries in the Catholic Church, of which 15 in Europe , 11 in South America , 3 in Asia , 3 in Africa , 2 in North America and one each in Australia and New Zealand .
- 1 Brief History
- 2 List of military ordinaries
- 2.1 Asia
- 2.2 America
- 2.3 Africa
- 2.4 Europe
- 2.5 Oceania
- 3 References
A Brief History
Already from the Edict of Milan of 313, the Church was engaged in pastoral care of soldiers of various armies.
In the VI century, the Grazian Decree says that priests, with the permission of Pope Pelagius I, were entrusted with constant spiritual assistance to soldiers. In 742, priests were banned from carrying weapons and participating in wars at the German National Council ( Concilium Germanicum ). An exception to this rule were those priests who were chosen to accompany the army and conduct divine services, as well as to perform church ordinances. In 769, these definitions are repeated in the composition of the chapter of Charlemagne .
With the creation of standing armies in the early New Age, the military ordinate also became a permanent establishment. However, the chaplains were no longer voluntary companions of the armies, but took the oath and were subject to military discipline.
List of military ordinaries
- Military Ordinary of Indonesia
- Philippines Military Ordinary
- South Korean Military Ordinary
- Argentina Military Ordinary
- Military Ordinate of Bolivia
- Brazilian Military Ordinary
- Venezuelan Military Ordinary
- Dominican Republic Military Ordinary
- Canadian Military Ordinary
- Colombia Military Ordinary
- Military Ordinate of Paraguay
- Military Ordinate Peru
- Military Ordinary of El Salvador
- US Military Ordinate
- Military Ordinate of Chile
- Military Ordinary of Ecuador
- Kenya Military Ordinary
- Uganda Military Ordinary
- South African Military Ordinary
- Austrian Military Ordinary
- Belgian Military Ordinary
- Bosnia and Herzegovina Military Ordinary
- United Kingdom Military Ordinary
- Hungarian Military Ordinary
- German Military Ordinate
- Military Ordinate of Spain
- Military Ordinate of Italy
- Lithuanian Military Ordinate
- Netherlands Military Ordinate
- Military Ordinate of Poland
- Portuguese Military Ordinary
- Slovak Military Ordinary
- Military Ordinate of France
- Croatian Military Ordinary
- Australia Military Ordinary
- New Zealand Military Ordinary