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The 1556 (one thousand five hundred and fifty-sixth) year in the Julian calendar is a leap year starting on Wednesday . This is 1556 year of our era , 556 year of 2 millenniums , 56 year of the 16th century , 6 year of the 6th decade of the 16th century, 7 year of the 1550s .
- January 15 - John Dee addresses Queen Mary Stuart with a project to establish the Royal Library. The project was rejected.
- The British sent the expedition of Stiefen Burrow in search of the north-eastern passage.
- January 15 - King of Spain Charles V abdicates. His son Philip II becomes king of Spain, and his brother Ferdinand becomes emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
- January 23 - The Shaanxi earthquake (the Great Chinese earthquake) kills 830 thousand people in the provinces of China, Shaanxi and Gansu . This earthquake is considered the largest in the history of mankind in terms of the number of victims.
- February 14 - Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer was arrested on charges of heresy and treason during the repressions organized by Maria Tudor against the Protestants.
- March 21 - Thomas Cranmer burned in Oxford with two other bishops.
- The feeding system has been eliminated .
No exact dates
- The “White Stone City” and the Cathedral Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Vologda were laid.
- Ivan the Terrible conquers the Astrakhan Khanate . The accession of the Astrakhan Khanate to the Russian kingdom.
- A white stone Kremlin is being built in Serpukhov .
- To Spain passed ownership in Italy and America, Franche-Comté and the Netherlands.
- 1556-1598 - King of Spain Philip II moved the capital from Toledo to Madrid .
- 1556-1564 - Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I (Archduke of Austria).
- Ferdinand invited the Jesuits to the Czech Republic.
- 1556-1605 - The Padishah of the Mughal Empire Akbar I (Jalal-ad-din) (1542-1605).
- At the Battle of Panipat, Akbar defeated his most serious opponents and strengthened the Mughal power in Delhi.
- 1556-1561 - Multan, Lahore, Kanaudzh, Allahabad, Jaunpur are attached to the Mughal empire .
See also: Category: Born in 1556
- Bril, Paul - Flemish artist .
- Maderna, Carlo - Italian architect .
- Radziwill, Yuri (cardinal) - Prince , nobleman of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania , statesman and church figure of the Commonwealth , Bishop of Vilnius, Bishop of Cracow , cardinal priest with the title of the church S. Sisto .
- Anne Hathaway is the wife of William Shakespeare .
See also: Category: Deaths in 1556
- Agricola, Martin - German musician and music writer from the Reformation .
- Pietro Aretino - Italian writer of the Late Renaissance , satirist, publicist and playwright, leading Italian author of his time, thanks to his satyrs and pamphlets earned the nickname "the scourge of sovereigns, the divine Pietro Aretino" ("il flagello de 'Principi, il divin Pietro Aretino" [1 ] ) , considered by some researchers as the forerunner and founder of European journalism  , the “forefather of journalism”   .
- Cranmer, Thomas - one of the fathers of the English Reformation , Archbishop of Canterbury .
- Ignatius de Loyola is a Catholic saint, founder of the Society of Jesus ( Order of the Jesuits ).
- Lotto, Lorenzo - Venetian painter .
- Anthony of Siia - reverend of the Russian Church , founder and first abbot of the Anthony-Siysky monastery .
- Fizuli - A classic of Azerbaijani poetry, who played an important role in the formation of Azerbaijani and Turkish poetry   . One of the classics of the "divan" genre in Ottoman literature    . He wrote in Azerbaijani , Persian and Arabic .
- Humayun is the second of the Mughals , the son of Babur and the father of Akbar , who devoted his life to fighting the Sher Shah for possession of northern India .
- String from Ariosto's Poem
- Lyubimov L. D. “The Art of Western Europe. Middle Ages. Revival in Italy ", M., 1976
- History of Foreign Journalism Archived March 2, 2009 at Wayback Machine Archived March 2, 2009.
- Loel Zwecker. The progenitor of journalism // Russian Journal
- Encyclopediz Britannica, sv Islamic Art Islāmic literatures. The period from 1500 to 1800. Ottoman Turkey Poetry of Fuzûlî
- The reach of Ottoman literature is attested to by the case of Fuzuli (d. 1556), an attendant of a shrine in Iraq - Jonathan Dewald Europe 1450 to 1789: Encyclopedia of the Early Modern World. Charles Scribner's Sons, 2004 ISBN 0-684-31206-9 , 978068431206 p.83
- Encyclopedia Britannica. Mehmed bin Suleyman Fuzuli Archived October 14, 2008 on Wayback Machine Archived October 14, 2008.
- A simple perusal of any classical Ottoman divan would provide all of the same images and expressions that Fuzuli uses here - Kemal Sılay. Nedim and the Poetics of the Ottoman Court: Medieval Inheritance and the Need for Change. Indiana University, 1994 ISBN 1-878318-09-8 , 9781878318091 p. 47
- Derek Patmore The Star and the Crescent: An Anthology of Modern Turkish Poetry Constable, 1946 p.5